Gholam-Ali Haddad-Adel

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Gholam-Ali Haddad-Adel
Gholam-Ali Haddad-Adel 5.jpg
Speaker of the Parliament of Iran
In office
6 June 2004[1] – 27 May 2008[2]
Acting: 29 May – 5 June 2004[3]
Deputy Mohammad-Reza Bahonar
Hassan Aboutorabi
Preceded by Mehdi Karroubi
Succeeded by Ali Larijani
Member of the Parliament of Iran
In office
28 May 2000 – 27 May 2016
Constituency Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr
Majority 1,119,474 (47.94%)
Personal details
Born Gholam-Ali Mashhad Mohammad-Ali Haddad[4]
(1945-05-04) 4 May 1945 (age 71)
Tehran, Iran
Political party Society of Devotees of the Islamic Revolution
Other political
affiliations
Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran
Islamic Republic Party (1980–1987)
Alma mater University of Tehran
Shiraz University
Religion Shia Islam

Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel (Persian: غلامعلی حداد عادل‎‎, born 4 May 1945) is an Iranian philosopher, politician and former chairman of the Parliament. He is the first non-cleric in the post since the Iranian Revolution of 1979. He was one of the candidates in the 2013 presidential election but withdrew on 10 June, four days before the election.[5] He is part of "neo-principalist" group in the Iranian political scene.[6]

Early life and education[edit]

Haddad-Adel was born in Tehran in May 1945 into a business family.[7][8] He received a bachelor's degree in physics[9] from the University of Tehran and also, a master's degree in physics from University of Shiraz. He also holds a PhD in philosophy[9] from the University of Tehran which he received in 1975.

He studied Islamic philosophy under Morteza Motahhari and also under Sayyed Hossein Nasr who is famous for his critique of Marxism.

Career[edit]

Following the Iranian Revolution Haddad-Adel became a member of the Islamic Republic Party and he served in many governmental posts, including deputy culture and Islamic guidance minister (1979) and deputy education minister (1982–1993).[8] Since 1995 he has been serving as the head of the Iranian Academy of Persian Language and Literature (except for August 2004 – 2008).[8] He is also the executive director of the Islamic Encyclopedia Foundation. He contributed to launch the national scientific olympiads in Iran.

Haddad-Adel served at the Majlis for thirteen years in four terms.[8] While officially ranking as the 33rd candidate of Tehran in the 2000 parliamentary election after some recounts by the Council of Guardians which had led to annulment of 700,000 Tehrani votes and removal of Alireza Rajaei and Ali Akbar Rahmani from the top 30, and Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani quit. Haddad-Adel collected the most votes from Tehran four years later, while most of Tehranis refused to vote in 2004 election because many reformist candidates where not allowed to run. He was supported by the Abadgaran alliance and became the Speaker of Parliament for one year on 6 June 2004, with 226 votes out of 259. There was no other candidate running. He was the first non-cleric speaker since the revolution.[9] Since 2008, he has been the advisor to the Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei.[8] In 2012, he run for the Majlis speakership, but lost the bid.[10]

He is also a member of the High Council of Cultural Revolution and the Expediency Discernment Council.

Presidential candidacy[edit]

Haddad-Adel run for office in the presidential election held in July 2013. He formed a coalition named 2+1 with Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf and Ali Akbar Velayati in October 2012 to one of them be the coalition's candidate in the upcoming election. He was registered as a presidential candidate and was approved to run in the election by the Guardian Council, a vetting body of clerics and jurists, along with seven other men.

He withdrew his candidacy from 14 June presidential election on 11 June. He said in a statement carried by the semi-official Mehr news agency:

"With my withdrawal I ask the dear people to strictly observe the criteria of the Supreme Leader of the Revolution (Khamenei) when they vote for candidates."

He did not endorse a single candidate, but called for a hardline conservative victory. "I advise the dear people to take a correct decision so that either a conservative wins in the first round, or if the election runs to a second round, the competition between two conservatives."[11][12]

Electoral history[edit]

Year Election Votes  % Rank Notes
2000 Parliament 556,054 25.20 29th Won after recount
2004 Parliament Increase 888,276 Increase 50.45 1st Won
2008 Parliament Decrease 844,230 Decrease 44.21 1st Won
2012 Parliament Increase 1,119,474 Increase 47.94 1st Won
2013 President Withdrew
2016 Parliament Decrease 1,057,639 Decrease 32.57 31st Lost

Public image[edit]

According to a poll conducted in March 2016 by Information and Public Opinion Solutions LLC (iPOS) among Iranian citizens, Haddad-Adel has 51% approval and 27% disapproval ratings and thus a +24% net popularity; while 13% of responders don't know him.[13]

Personal life[edit]

Haddad-Adel's daughter married Mojtaba Khamenei, the son of Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran.[14][15] This has led to the popular belief that he is among the very trusted and backed allies of Ayatollah Khamenei.[15]

Publications[edit]

Books
  • Farhang-e Berahnegi va Berahnegi-e Farhangi (Culture of Nudity and Nudity of Culture), Soroush, Tehran, 1981, translated into Urdu, Arabic, and Turkish.
  • Haj: Namaaz-e Bozorg (Hajj: the Grand Prayer), Sana, Tehran, 2000.
  • Daaneshnaame-ye Jahaan-e Eslam (The Encyclopedia of the Islamic World), Islamic Encyclopedia Foundation, Volumes 2–6 (as supervisor), 1996–2001.
  • Textbooks on sociology, social science, Civil studies and Qur'an, for high school and guidance schools.
Translations
  • Tamhidaat: Moghaddame-i baraaye har Maa-ba'd-ot-tabi'e-ye Aayande ke be onvaan-e yek Elm Arze Shavad, a translation of Immanuel Kant's Prolegomena to any Future Metaphysics, Iran University Press, Tehran, 1988.
  • Nazariye-ye Ma'refat dar Falsafe-ye Kaant, a translation of Justus Hartnack's Kant's Theory of Knowledge, Fekr-e Rooz, Tehran, 2000.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "حداد عادل رييس مجلس هفتم شد". BBC Persian. 6 June 2004. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  2. ^ "علی لاریجانی رئیس موقت مجلس نهم ایران شد". BBC Persian. 28 May 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  3. ^ "حداد عادل رييس موقت مجلس ايران شد". BBC Persian. 29 May 2004. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  4. ^ نام‌ خانوادگی سابق حداد عادل (عکس), Asr Iran (in Persian), 8612270466, retrieved 20 January 2016 
  5. ^ حداد عادل از ادامه رقابت ها انصراف داد + بیانیه وی Iran Elect
  6. ^ Sabet, Farzan (June 2013). "The Islamic Republic's political elite and Syria" (Special Report). IranPolitik. Retrieved 30 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "Iran's Political Elite". United States Institute of Peace. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "Biographies of Eight Qualified Candidates for Iran Presidential Election". Iran Review. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c Yonah Alexander; Milton M. Hoenig (2008). The New Iranian Leadership: Ahmadinejad, Terrorism, Nuclear Ambition, and the Middle East. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-275-99639-0. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  10. ^ Katzman, Kenneth (17 June 2013). "Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses" (CRS Report for US Congress). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  11. ^ Conservative drops out of Iranian presidential election Haaretz
  12. ^ Candidate quits Iran presidential race CNN, 10 June 2013
  13. ^ "ظریف محبوب‌ترین چهره سیاسی ایران". Information and Public Opinion Solutions LLC (in Persian). 24 May 2016. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  14. ^ "Mohammad Reza Aref". Iran Election Watch. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  15. ^ a b Bazoobandi, Sara (11 January 2013). "The 2013 presidential election in Iran" (PDF). MEI Insight. 88. Retrieved 18 February 2013. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mehdi Karroubi
Speaker of Parliament of Iran
2004–2008
Succeeded by
Ali Larijani
Academic offices
Preceded by
Hassan Habibi
President of the Academy of Persian Language and Literature
1999–2004
Succeeded by
Hassan Habibi
Preceded by
Hassan Habibi
President of the Academy of Persian Language and Literature
2010–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent