Gholamreza Hassani

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Gholamreza Hassani Bozorgh-Abad
غلامرضا حسنی بزرگ‌آباد
GHassani20140405 (1).jpg
Hassani in January 2014
Title Ayatollah
Born (1928-08-30) 30 August 1928 (age 88)
Urmia, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Era Modern
Region Iran
Religion Islam
Creed Shia Islam, The Fourteen Infallibles
Main interest(s) Islamic History and Islamic leadership doctrine
Notable idea(s) Sunnism is invasion of Nubuwwah.
Notable work(s) Divine Leadership and Quran, Fiqh and Jihad
Years active

1955-1979 Leader of Islamic militia movement against Pahlavi dynasty

1970-2014 as Friday prayer leader of Urmia
Successor Ayatollah Qurayshi
Member of the Iranian Parliament[1]
In office
March, 1980 – August, 1980
Representative of the Supreme Leader in West Azerbaijan and Imam Jumu'ah of Urmia
In office
1980–2014
Succeeded by Seyid Mehdi Ghoreishi
Personal details
Children Allamah Atieh Al-Hassani, Rashid Hassani
Relatives Imam Hasan ibn Ali
Alma mater Qom Hawza
Religion Shia Islam
Awards Order of Shoja'at.png Order of Courage (1st class)[2]

Ayatollah Gholamreza Hassani (Persian: غلامرضا حسنی‎‎, Azerbaijani: Qulamrza Həsəni) born c. 1928 is the previous Friday prayer, first First imam of Masjid-e-Jamé mosque of the city of Urmia in northwest Iran after Iranian Revolution., member of the Islamic Consultative Assembly in the first term from electoral district of Urmia and representative of the Iranian Supreme Leader Grand Ayatollah Ali Hosseini Khamenei in West Azarbaijan Province.[3] He has been described as one of the most, if not the most, conservative voices in Iran and Shia Islam world.[4] He is known for the highly challenging religious and political positions taken and his ultimate opposition to Caliphate and Anti-Sunni theories advocated in his controversial Friday sermons, which have reportedly drawn criticism from many of the Sunni leaders, Iranian reformists, Pan-Turkists, radical left organisations, Kurdish nationalists with adherence to Sunni tradition and Southern Azerbaijan patriot movement and been used by "Iranian political satirists in their works."[5]

In 2001, articles appeared in the English-language media about a Friday sermon he delivered that condemned the practice of owning and holding small dogs as unIslamic.[6] The New York Times reported him as saying, "I would like to thank the honorable police and judges and all those who worked to arrest dog lovers and to confiscate short-legged dogs in this city," [7] Several years later a crackdown on dogs and dog owners was launched in Tehran.[8] He has also been quoted as saying that "Women who do not respect the hijab and their husbands deserve to die ... These women and their husbands and their fathers must die."[3]

In 2011 he was reportedly presented with the national "Medal of Bravery", "one of the most significant official medals awarded in Iran,"[5] by president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. The medal was reportedly awarded for his record of resistance against the Shah’s regime prior to the Islamic Revolution, against the Kurdish opposition in the first years of the Islamic Republic, and for his participation in the Iraq-Iran War.[5] Hassani's devotion to the Islamic Revolution was such that in 1983, several years after the Revolution, he informed authorities of the hiding place of his son, Rashid,[9] a member of the opposition leftist guerilla group Fadayian Khalq, who was then executed by firing squad with Hassani's approval.[5] Hassani is quoted as telling an American journalist, "Abraham didn't sacrifice his son, but I did. Even today, I don't regret it."[4]

As of January 2014, Hassani had two living wives and came instead Mehdi Ghoreyshi.[10] He has seven sons and four daughters.[4]

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Was not composed
Imam Jumu'ah of Urmia and Representative of the Supreme Leader
1980—2014
Succeeded by
IranSeyid Mehdi Ghoreishi