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|Ghorahi Submetropolitan City
Worlds biggest Trishul in Pandaveshwor Temple in Ghorahi
|Nickname(s): हरित नगर, महको सहर|
|Motto(s): Clean Green Ghorahi|
|Province||Province No. 5|
|HPI||20.8 Very Low|
|Literacy Rate||73% Medium|
|Established||2034 BS and 2073 BS|
|• Mayor||Naru Lal Chaudhary|
|• Deputy Mayor||Sita Neupane|
|• Executive Officer||Krishna Prasad Sapkota|
|Area of submetropolitan city|
|• Sub-Metropolitan City||522.21 km2 (201.63 sq mi)|
|Dang District: 2955sq km
Dang Valley: 1550 sq km
|Elevation||701 m (2,300 ft)|
Male: 70,000 Female: 85,000
|Dang District: 5,48,141
Dang Valley: 3,51,023
|• Local||Nepali, English, Gurung, Kham Magar, Tharu|
|• Official||Nepali, Tharu|
|Time zone||NST (UTC+5:45)|
|Postal Code||22400 (Ghorahi), 22402, 22407, 22415|
|Official website of Ghorahi Submetropolitan City|
Ghorahi (Nepali: घोराही उपमहानगरपालिका) is the seventh largest city and largest submetroplitan of Nepal. The city (formerly Tribhuvannagar) lies in Province no 5 in Mid-Western part of Nepal .It is the largest city of Dang Deukhuri District of southwest Nepal. Located in the Inner Terai region, it lies 413 kilometres (257 mi) south-west of Nepal's capital Kathmandu and is one of the "Counter Magnets" being developed as an alternative centre of growth to help ease the migration and population explosion in the Kathmandu metropolitan area.It is the largest city of Rapti Region and is surrounded by the Sivalik in the south and Mahabharat range of Hills in the north.
Ghorahi Sub-metropolitan is in the Dang Valley on the foothills of the Himalayas nestled between the river Babai on the east , south and on the west which ends being the famous Sarayu and Ganges in India. The city is famous for its picturesque landscape and slightly milder climate and provides a gateway to the surrounding region of Rolpa, Pyuthan, Salyan and Rukum. It is well connected and in proximity to tourist destinations such as Bardiya National Park in west, Surkhet in north-west, Thawang, Kapurkot, Rara Lake and the Hindu holy lands of Swargadwari and along with the Hindu temples as Pandaveshwor and Ambikeshwori.
It is one of the excellent submetropolitan city based on minimum conditions and performance measurements in the assessment by the local government experts and financial experts of the Commission in the last year 2072/73..The city was also the first in the assessment of financial commission by the local body of the Federal Affairs and Local Development Ministry held in the financial year 2067/68 earlier.
It hosts training institutions of national importance such as Nepal Sanskrit University, Central Ayurveda College, Rapti Engineering College, Deepjyoti Nursing College, Mahendra Multiple College. The city population has significant contribution of government servants. It is home to national foundations such as the Ghorahi Cements Ghorahi, Sonapur Cement Factory, Dang Cement Industry.
Ghorahi Submetropolitan City Office is locally known as Ghorahi Upa-Mahanagarpalika Karyalaya. Other urban entities involved in civic services and city governance and management include Tripur Nagar Bikas Samiti, Rampur Gaubikas Samiti, Lakshmipur Gaubikas Samiti, Saudiyar Gaubikas Samiti, Dharna Gaubikas Samiti and others.
Ghorahi (Dang) is best known for its high quality Honey and Hemp (अल्लो) fabric products.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History and prehistory
- 3 Transportation
- 4 Education
- 5 Health
- 6 Drinking Water
- 7 Sanitation and Landfill Site
- 8 Banks and Financial Institutions
- 9 Industrial Development
- 10 Food and Cuisine
- 11 Media
- 12 Place of Interest
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Ghorahi sub-metropolitan is the main town of the Rapti region and also the headquarters of the Dang district. It is located at an elevation of 2,300 ft (701 m) in the Mahabharat-Chure hill region.
The hills of Dang Valley are part of the Mahabharat and Chure Range.
History and prehistory
Hand axes and other artifacts dated to early Paleolithic (1.8 million to 100,000 years ago) have been found in alluvial deposits along the Babai River in Dang Valley. Archeologists classify these as Acheulean, i.e. 'second-generation' toolmaking that succeeds the very oldest Olduwan. There are more numerous less ancient archeological sites dating to the Upper Paleolithic/Late Pleistocene (about 50,000 to 10,000 years ago). These are also along the Babai, as well as in Deukhuri Valley (Rapti River) adjacent and south of Dang Valley.
About 1760 AD all these kingdoms were annexed by the Shah Dynasty during the reunification of Nepal, except Tulsipur lands south of the Siwalik Hills were not taken. Since Dang was somewhat higher, cooler, better-drained and therefore less malarial than most Inner Terai valleys in Nepal, it was settled to some extent by Shah and Rana courtiers and other Nepalese. Deukhuri was more of a Tharu enclave until DDT was introduced to control the disease-bearing Anopheles mosquito in the 1950s.
The municipality was established 29 January 1979 with the amalgamation of Ghorahi VDC and Sewar Bangaun VDC with a combined population of 12,279. It was named Tribhuvannagar Municipality after King Tribhuvan (ruled 1911-1955). After Nepal became a republic in 2008 the name changed back to Ghorahi Municipality.
Local transport in Ghorahi City is by bus or private vehicles. Buses ply frequently on the circular road surrounding the city centre. Heavy local transport can be seen between Ghorahi and its major suburbs which include Tulsipur, Lamahi, Dharna, Narayanpur and Saudiyar.Like any other growing city Ghorahi is also expanding with new habitats in the vicinity.Transport services in these areas are also expanding rapidly.Tourist taxis are also an option for out of town trips. Locals typically traverse the city on foot. Auto rickshaws are also common as in other cities.
Ghorahi is well-connected by road network to all major cities in Nepal. East West Highway is connected via a spur road to Ghorahi from Lamahi.Rapti Sarbajanik Yatayat, Shikari Yatayat, Ambikeshwori Yatayat and other private bus agencies have a strong position in transport around the valley and rapti region.Government based transport is not available in the city. Distance between major towns and Ghorahi:
Krishna Sen Icchuk Highway connects Ghorahi to the East West Highway.
Distance between major towns and Ghorahi:
- Lamahi: 23 km
- Krishnanagar: 106 km
- Nepalgunj: 152 km
- Dhangadhi: 308 km
- Mahendranagar: 334 km
- Bhairahawa: 175 km
- Bharatpur: 274 km
- Kathmandu: 427 km
- Birgunj: 396 km
- Dharan: 662 km
- Biratnagar: 659 km
- Pashupatinagar: 782 km
- Jumla: 455 km
- Pokhara: 313 km
- Birendranagar: 219 km
- Janakpur: 507 km
- Hetauda: 342 km
No railway service is available in the valley.
Dang Airport is situated at Tarigaon, 23 kilometres (14 mi) from the city. The airport has infrequent flights to Kathmandu. The nearest major airport is Nepalgunj Airport in Banke about 152 km away.A new international level airport construction was proposed by the government in 2010 but it couldnt go further due to political turbulence.
The submetropolitan city was established with the amalgamation of Ghorahi municipality, Tripur Municipality and surrounding VDCs with a combined population of 156,164.  Migration into the city is considered to be very high.
|Ward No||Administrative Ward(Previously)||Population (2011 Census)|
|1||Rampur 5,7,8, 9||5083|
|4||Laxmipur 4,5,7,8, 9||9,119|
|5||Dharna 1 to 9||6851|
|7||Saudiyar 5,6,7,8, 9||6618|
|10||Tripur 1,2,3||1004 9|
|12||Tripur 6.7, 9||99 9|
|16||Ghorahi 9, 1||6101|
|19||Sagha 1 to 9||6748|
The literacy rate is 73%. Ghorahi is home to Mahendra Multiple College and Nepal's only Sanskrit university Nepal Sanskrit University lies near Beljhundi. The city is being developed as an educational hub of Mid-Western Nepal.
Recently, Government of Nepal has decided to establish Rapti Academy of Health Science, in line with the government’s decision to establish a state-owned medical college in each province. The proposed health academy in Dang will be the fifth one owned by the government after Institute of Medicine, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Karnali Academy and BP Koirala Academy. Like in other four academies for medical education, the prime minister will hold the chancellor’s post, while education minister will be the pro-chancellor.
Some of the notable institutions are
- Nepal Sanskrit University
- NSU Ayurvedic Medical College
- Mahendra Multiple College
- Rapti Shikshya Campus
- Padmodaya College (Government run)
- Vidhyanilkantha Multiple College
- Rapti Engineering College
- Deepjyoti Nursing College
- Mark International College
- Victoria International College
- Deepshikha College
- Gorkha International College
- Ambikeshwori College
- Madan Bhandari Memorial College of Agriculture Studies
- Saraswati Madhyamik Vidhyalaya, Katekohal (Govt. School)
- Janajyoti Vidhyamandir
- Rajhena Government School
- Shantisudha Private School
- Siddhartha H.S.B.S, Ratanpur
A sub-regional level hospital along with child hospital, eye hospital and regional ayurveda hospital are serving the people here.Many other private and community level hospital are providing 24 hrs service to the dwellers of rapti region there.Many private hospitals and nursing homes are also under construction. It also has many clinics with highly experienced and qualified doctors.
Some of the hospitals include
- Rapti Subregional Hospital
- Umashankarnath Memorial Child Hospital
- Deepjyoti Hospital
- Ghorahi Hospital
- Gorkha Hospital
- Chinari Hospital
- Miteri Hospital
- De Nova Dental Clinic
- Dental Clinics
More than six different local water management committees are active for the smooth supply of water in the region.Equal number of private water suppliers are also supplying deepwater supply to selected households in different regions.Recently water industries are also supplying packaged mineral water in the city.
Sanitation and Landfill Site
Ghorahi submetropolitan city has won the title of "Most clean and sanitated city" of Nepal many times. It has managed its sanitation project with landfill site in its 9th ward ; Karautee Danda with the total area of 95 hectres.Karaute Danda Sanitary Landfill site owned by the municipal government and located on the western side of the municipality at adistance of 5.4 km from the city centre. Karaute Danda Sanitary Landfill Site – Ghorahi The LFS is situated in the vicinity of Ghorahi municipality in the district of Dang in the Terai region of south western Nepal. More accurately, the LFS is in ward 9, approximately 1 km outside of the urban area of Ghorahi. The total area of the LFS is 20 ha, of which 1 ha is used for MSW management and the remaining area is reserved for plantations of various trees and other vegetation. The area used for final disposal has recently been increased within the property. The old site for final disposal now serves as an area for plantation. Moreover, on the property, there is a sorting platform on which a unit of nine employees sorts the MSW into fractions of paper and plastics. There is also a storage house where the two fractions are stored before further distribution (Khanal et al. 2009). A total of 10 tons of waste is produced in the city in daily basis. Waste produced in the city is collected through one compactor, one tipper, and some rickshaws. A total of thirty people are involved in sanitary field work. It is one of the five municipalities that have managed their Dumping and Sanitary site in Nepal.
Banks and Financial Institutions
- Nepal Bank Limited
- Agricultural Development Bank Limited
- Himalayan Bank Limited
- Nabil Bank Limited
- Prabhu Bank Limited
- Bank of Kathmandu Lumbini
- Global IME Bank
- NIC Asia Bank
- Sanima Bank
- Nepal SBI Bank
- Laxmi Bank
- Citizens Bank
- Janata Bank
- Machhapuchre Bank
- Siddhartha Bank
- Civil Bank
- Western Development Bank
- Karnali Dev Bank
- Shangrila Dev Bank
- Nepal Bangladesh Bank
- Goodwill Finance
- Shine Resunga Dev Bank
- United Finance Limited
- Namaste Bittiya Sanstha Limited
- Bhargav Bikas Bank
- Synergy Finance
- Kamana Sewa Bikas Bank
- Mahalaxmi Bikas Bank
- NCC Bank
- Gandaki Bikas Bank
- Century Commercial Bank
- Nepal Co-operative Development Bank
Ghorahi has its proposed industrial site in its 3 and 5 ward with huge possibility of industrial development.Dang Industry Commerce Association has started initiating the industrial development in the district. Industry Commerce Association has said that there is a consensus for making industrial zone through continous discussion with the locals and the concerned authorities. The land which will be industrialized lies in 3 and 5 ward of the submetropolitan city.The area of the land to be industralized is about 500 bighas. Already many cement industry are under operation which have played a cornerstone to minimize huge quantity of import of cement from India.The cement industries like Ghorahi cement industry and Sonapur cement industry have started their production where as few others are under construction. Ghorahi cement industry is supposed to be the largest cement industry in Nepal.Poultry and Ostrich Farms are also in operation in the city. Many small scale and medium scale industries related to poultry are running in this region.
Food and Cuisine
Dal Bhat is a popular cuisine among most of the people in the city.It is taken two times in a day: once after breakfast and other at night.
Mo:Mo, Chowmein, Samosas, Chhat are famous in the city.
- Newspapers: The people of Ghorahi are served by several daily local newspapers and national newspapers. There are 13 local newspapers in total. Among all of these, the most popular are New Yougbodh Daily, Ganatantra Daily ,Rapti Post Daily and Gorakshya Daily.
National newspapers are also provided to the people on a daily basis. Some of the National newspapers are The Kathmandu Post, Kantipur, Annapurna Post, Himalayan Times among others. Several monthly neighborhood papers serve the town.
- Radio: The state-owned Radio Nepal is broadcast on the frequency wave of 98Mhz in the city. Similarly 6 private local FM stations are available. They are
- Madhyapaschim FM 91.4 MHz
- Indreni FM 92.4 MHz
- Jharana FM 88 MHz
- Radio Pathshala FM 105.8 MHz
- Radio Ganatantra Rapti FM 95.1 MHz
- Radio Swargadwari FM 102.8 Mhz
- Television: Nepal's state-owned television broadcaster, Nepal Television relay station is present near its border, which provides two free-to-air terrestrial channels. Beside that a mix of Nepali, Hindi, English, and other international channels are accessible via cable subscription and direct-broadcast satellite services. Ambikeshwori TV and RC Television are local television channel that covers events in the city.
- Internet: Internet facilities are provided by Nepal Telecom, BroadLink, Lumbininet, WorldLink and Subisu, Nepal Telecom is leading internet facilities provider. Wi-Fi connectivity is available at many cafes.
Place of Interest
- Ambikeshwori Temple: It is one of the famous temples of Western Nepal. Its history is mentioned in the famous religious book of Hindus, swosthani.
- Ratnanath Mandir: It lies in the 4th ward of the municipality and famously known as Gorakshya Siddha Ratna Nath Mandir. It is one of the historic place of Nepal.
- Barhakune Tal and Baraha Temple: It lies in the 7th ward of the municipality. There is a beautiful pond that has twelve corners ( angles ); hence named " barha kune daha ". Temple of god Bishnu " barah " is also an important place for Pilgrims at that area and couple of temples of Ganesh and Shiv are there . A special fair is organised here during Maghe sankranti. It is also a famous tourist spot.
- Pandaveshwor Temple: The management committee of Pandaveshwor temple at Dharpani, Dharna-1,has installed a 41-feet long Trishul that weigh six tonnes.It is related to the Pandavs of the famous epic Mahabharata. A special fair is organised during Maha Shiv Ratri.Recently. The temple management committee inaugurated the worlds largest trident or trishul in the temple area. A total of thousand trees were also planted in the region. The trishul is considered to be the largest in the world.
- Nama:chu Bouddha Stupa
- Charinge Daha and Bhote Daha
- Panaura Tharu Cultural Museum
- Martyr Lakhan Thapa Memorial Park : It lies in the centre of the city.
- Netralal Abaghi Memorial Park Gulariya
- Magar Village and Homestay'
- Vulture Restaurant Bijauri
- Jhigaura Sports Stadium
- घोराही र बुटवल नगर न्यूनतम सर्त तथा कार्य सम्पादन मापनमा देशभरी कै उत्कृष्ट https://setopati.com/social/83446
- Corvinus, G. (1989). "A handaxe assemblage from western Nepal" (PDF). Quartär (International Yearbook for Ice Age and Stone Age Research). 39/40: 155–173. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- Chauthan, P. R. (2003). "An Overview of the Siwalik Acheulian & Reconsidering Its Chronological Relationship with the Soanian - A Theoretical Perspective". Assemblage (7). Archived from the original on 4 January 2012. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- "घोराही उप-महानगरपालिकाको आधिकारिक वेभसाइटमा तपाईलाई स्वागत छ । - घोराही उप-महानगरपालिका". ghorahimun.gov.np.
- "Nepal Census 2001". Nepal's Village Development Committees. Digital Himalaya. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 21 September 2008.
- राप्ती स्वास्थ्य विज्ञान प्रतिष्ठानका सम्बन्धमा व्यवस्था गर्न बनेको विधेयक http://parliament.gov.np/lpsn/public/np/bills/Rapti-Health-Science-Related-Bill
- Bill tabled to set up medical academy in Dang’s Ghorahi http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2017-10-07/bill-tabled-to-set-up-medical-academy-in-in-dangs-ghorahil http://kathmandupost.ekantipur.com/news/2017-10-07/bill-tabled-to-set-up-medical-academy-in-in-dangs-ghorahi.html
- Profile on Environmental and Social Considerations in Nepal http://open_jicareport.jica.go.jp/pdf/12087284.pdf
- Industrial zone in Ghorahi https://www.karobardaily.com/news/81391
- "Biggest ever Trishul at Pandaveshwor temple".
- Ghorahi municipality site ; www.ghorahi.gov.np