Ghost (Swedish band)
Ghost performing at Wacken Open Air in 2018
|Also known as||Ghost B.C.|
Ghost, also formerly known as Ghost B.C. in the United States, is a Swedish rock band that was formed in Linköping, Sweden in 2006. In 2010, they released a 3-track demo followed by a 7" vinyl titled "Elizabeth", and later their debut full-length album Opus Eponymous. The song Ritual was chosen by Kerrang! as one of "The 50 Most Evil Songs Ever." The Grammis-nominated album was widely praised and significantly increased their popularity. Their second album and major label debut, Infestissumam, was released in 2013, debuted at number one in Sweden, and won the Grammis Award for Best Hard Rock/Metal Album. The band released their third studio album, Meliora, in 2015 to much critical acclaim and high record sales, reaching number one in their home country of Sweden, and number eight in the United States. Its lead single, "Cirice", earned them the 2016 Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance. The band released their fourth studio album, Prequelle, in 2018.
Ghost is easily recognizable owing greatly to its eccentric on-stage presence. Seven of the group's eight members, its 'Nameless Ghouls', wear virtually identical, face-concealing costumes. Prior to a 2017 lawsuit filed by former members of the band, lead singer Tobias Forge obscured his identity behind the character "Papa Emeritus". The character, which consists of Forge in a prosthetic mask and makeup, can be best described as a 'demonic anti-pope'. The Papa Emeritus Character has gone through five incarnations - I, II, III, Nihil, and IV. From the release of the 2018 album Prequelle and subsequent world tour, Forge portrayed a character known as "Cardinal Copia", who is described as being unrelated to any of the Papa Emeritus characters and whose costume consists of either Cardinal vestments or a black or white tuxedo alongside a prosthetic mask with black eye makeup and the multi-colored eyes which had been present in each Papa character. In March 2020, at the final show of A Pale Tour Named Death, Forge once again assumed the mantle of Papa Emeritus.
Formation and Opus Eponymous
Ghost was formed in 2006, when future band leader Tobias Forge wrote the song "Stand By Him". He said, "I said that this is probably the most heavy metal riff that has ever existed ... When the chorus came to me, it haunted my dreams. Every time I picked up the guitar, I ended up playing that progression, and when I fit the words in, it seemed to cry out for a Satanically-oriented lyric." Forge then contacted his former Repugnant bandmate Gustaf Lindström to record the song. In early 2008, the two entered the studio to record three songs: "Stand by Him," "Prime Mover" and "Death Knell". Afterwards Forge remarked to Lindström: "This definitely does not sound like two dudes that look like you and I". Thus Forge decided that they should be an anonymous "theater band", and use their love of horror films and "the traditions of Scandinavian metal" in the band's imagery. While other members of the band would wear black hooded robes and be called "Nameless Ghouls", Forge would go by "Papa Emeritus", dressed in Papal regalia and his face painted to resemble a skull. Forge then chose the name Ghost for the group. Initially Forge had no aspirations on becoming the band's vocalist, instead wanting to play guitar. He offered the position of lead vocalist to Messiah Marcolin, Mats Levén, Christer Göransson and JB Christoffersson, all of whom passed. As a result, Forge became the band's lead singer by default. On 12 March 2010, Forge posted the first three Ghost songs on MySpace and within two days was contacted by records labels and managers wanting to work with the group.
Ghost spent a few weeks in a basement studio in the band's hometown of Linköping recording their debut album. In June 2010, the band released their first single "Elizabeth". Ghost released their first studio album, Opus Eponymous, on 18 October 2010, on the independent record label Rise Above Records. The album reached number 50 on the Sverigetopplistan and was well-received by critics, being nominated for the 2011 Grammis Award for "Best Hard Rock" album. Ghost played their first concert on 23 October 2010 at the Hammer of Doom festival in Würzburg, Germany.
Ghost supported gothic metal band Paradise Lost on their "Draconian Times MMXI" tour in April 2011. On 29 May, Ghost made their United States debut at the Maryland Deathfest. The band played at the annual Download Festival in the United Kingdom on 11 June. Following their performance, Phil Anselmo, lead singer of the band Down, performed wearing a Ghost T-shirt and invited three members of the band to join him on the main stage, where they performed Down's "Bury Me In Smoke" together. In December 2011, Ghost took part in the "Defenders of the Faith III" tour with Trivium, In Flames, Rise to Remain and Insense. The band then embarked on their first United States tour, "13 Dates of Doom," beginning in New York on 18 January 2012, and ending on 2 February in Los Angeles. Afterwards Ghost joined Mastodon and Opeth as the opening act on the Heritage Hunter Tour throughout North America during April and May 2012. In June, Ghost received the award for "Breakthrough Band" at the Metal Hammer Golden Gods Awards.
In February 2012, a Nameless Ghoul revealed that the band had completed writing their second album. Ghost entered the studio in October to record their second album in Nashville, Tennessee, with producer Nick Raskulinecz. The band had planned to record the album at the turn of 2012, but after starting their US tour in January, they were offered another tour immediately after. At the same time the band, their management and Rise Above Records all agreed that the group's next album should be released on a different label. Thus Ghost signed with Loma Vista Recordings in partnership with Republic Records—a division of Universal Music Group.
On 15 December 2012, Ghost played a show in Linköping, where they debuted a new song titled "Secular Haze", which was released online earlier that day, as well as their cover of ABBA's "I'm a Marionette". During the same show, the band introduced Papa Emeritus II as the successor to the first Papa Emeritus. On 20 December, the band announced that their second album, Infestissumam, would be released in early 2013. On 5 February 2013, the band announced a name change to "Ghost B.C." in the United States for legal reasons. A Nameless Ghoul said: "B.C. is obviously a pun on ‘Before Christ’, but it's just an amendment. In our world, we're just gonna be called Ghost ... The B.C. is silent, and as soon as we can, it's gonna be taken away forever." They officially dropped the amendment from their name in 2015. From 23 February to 4 March 2013, Ghost toured Australia as a part of the Soundwave Festival.
Infestissumam was originally scheduled to be released on 9 April 2013, in the US, but the band could not find a US company that would manufacture the CD. Four US CD manufacturers rejected the job because the artwork for the deluxe edition of the album was described as "basically a 16th century illustration of an orgy."  Rather than delay the album further, the band decided to use the artwork from the regular edition for the US pressings of the deluxe edition and announced the new release date of 16 April. All European copies and the US vinyl versions include the controversial artwork. Infestissumam charted in seven countries, including at number one in Sweden, eventually going gold. The album was also well received by critics, winning the Grammis Award and the P3 Guld Award for "Best Hard Rock/Metal Album" of 2013.
Ghost began their "Haze Over North America" tour on 14 April 2013, at the Coachella Festival, which continued until 18 May. On 27 July, Ghost began the "Still Hazing over North America Tour", which ended in Chicago at the Lollapalooza festival. Immediately after, Ghost toured South America supporting Iron Maiden and Slayer, which included a performance at Rock in Rio. In October 2013, Ghost opened for Avenged Sevenfold and Deftones on their US tour. In November, the band toured the UK with Alice in Chains, before a tour of Europe. On 20 November 2013, Ghost released the EP If You Have Ghost, consisting almost entirely of cover songs. It was produced by Dave Grohl of Nirvana and Foo Fighters fame.
In January 2014, Ghost received six nominations at the Loudwire Music Awards. From 17 January to 2 February 2014, the band toured Australia as a part of the Big Day Out festival. They then embarked on the "Tour Year Zero", which lasted from 17 April until 17 May 2014, in North America. In July, the band performed at the European Sonisphere Festival.
Ghost's third studio album, the follow up to Infestissumam, Meliora was released on 21 August 2015. In an advertisement for the album that aired 28 May on VH1 Classic, it was announced that Papa Emeritus II was "fired" and that his successor Papa Emeritus III is his younger brother by a full three months. The song "Cirice" was released as a free download from the band's official site on 31 May, and won the 2016 Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance. Papa Emeritus III was officially unveiled with a debut performance in Linköping on 3 June 2015, where the band also performed new songs from the upcoming album.
The album was first promoted in August by a five date acoustic tour named "Unholy/Unplugged" of record shops in the US. Here Papa Emeritus III sported slicked-back jet black hair without his trademark mitre, and performed alongside the two guitarist Nameless Ghouls; accompanying them on the kazoo. A tour of the US titled "Black To The Future" began on 22 September and ran until 1 November. This was quickly followed by a European tour of the same name that ran until 21 December, including a full UK tour and two other tours in North America that took place in the spring and mid-summer of 2016.
On 12 September 2016, the band released a new track on a radio show titled "Square Hammer" and a new EP, Popestar, was released on 16 September, the same day the Popestar Tour began. Following the conclusion of the North American tour that concluded on 12 November, was the European tour of the same name which started in late March and finished in late April 2017. They were the opening act for Iron Maiden on their 2017 North America tour from June to July 2017. A Nameless Ghoul stated that after the tour was over, they would be writing and recording the new album which they stated would be much darker than Meliora, with Tobias confirming in a recent interview that the fourth album would be released in 2018.
In early 2017, Tobias Forge was sued by former Ghost members Simon Söderberg, Mauro Rubino, Martin Hjertstedt, and Henrik Palm as part of a royalties dispute. The four, who left Ghost in 2016, filed the suit in the district court of Linköping, Sweden and accused Forge, who was in charge of the band's business affairs, of withholding financial information and payments to the other members. The former members also claimed that "Our vocalist and former friend is now attempting to, in an underhanded and shameless way, transform Ghost from a band into a solo project with hired musicians." Forge claimed that "no legal partnership" ever existed between the other members and himself; they were paid a fixed salary to perform and execute the band's image as he instructed as "musicians for hire." He also stated that he refers to Ghost as a solo project, "Even though I've never wanted it that way, but at the end of the day, that is what it is. I mean, I started it in 2006, and no one that was ever in the band in 2016 was even on the first record. Call it solo, if you want to, but I call it a project."
On 24 August 2017, the band released their final music video from Meliora for their song "He Is". It premiered at Saint Vitus Bar in New York City the day before. During the final show of the Popestar Tour on 30 September 2017, Papa Emeritus III was dragged off stage at the end of the performance. A new incarnation called "Papa Emeritus Zero" was introduced on stage, later named "Papa Nihil". The band released their first live album titled Ceremony and Devotion digitally on 8 December 2017, with a physical release following on 19 January 2018.
On 13 April 2018, Ghost released a new single, titled "Rats", along with an accompanying music video. This marked the first release from the band, with their "new" frontman Cardinal Copia. Additionally, the band welcomed a new character, saxophonist Papa Nihil, extending Ghost into a septet. The album was titled Prequelle, and it was released on 1 June 2018. A second song, “Dance Macabre” was released ahead of the album on 17 May, and was later released as the album's second single.
To promote the album, Ghost began the Rats! on the Road tour in the United States which ran from 5 May until 1 June. The band was an opening act for Guns N' Roses in Oslo, Norway on 19 July 2018.
Ghost began A Pale Tour Named Death in London, England at Royal Albert Hall on 9 September 2018. A North American tour of the same name began later in the fall that year featuring two headlining arena shows in Los Angeles and New York City. An early 2019 European tour of the same name was announced on 10 September 2018. In March 2019, the band performed in Australia and Japan as part of Download Festival. Ghost was later announced as the opening act for Metallica's WorldWired Tour from May to August 2019. A second North American tour was announced on 1 April 2019, with Nothing More as support. A European tour at the end of 2019 with All Them Witches and Tribulation was announced on 8 July 2019.
The band released their second music video for the song "Dance Macabre" on 17 October 2018. A third music video, "Faith" was released on 20 December 2018 following the band's first North American leg of their tour.
Ghost announced their standalone single Kiss the Go-Goat / Mary on a Cross which was released on 13 September 2019 under the title Seven Inches of Satanic Panic. A video for "Kiss the Go-Goat' was released at midnight on September 12 as "Chapter 8" of their ongoing web series.
In an interview on 25 September 2019, Ghost confirmed that other than one show in Mexico City on 3 March 2020, there would be zero touring next year. The year would be spent working on a new studio album which is expected to be released at the beginning of 2021. At the final show of the tour in support of Prequelle, the band introduced the new frontman for the next album cycle, Papa Emeritus IV to which Tobias Forge had stated would be the next frontman.
- Tobias Forge – vocals, guitars, bass, keyboards (2008–present)
- Papa Emeritus – vocals performance (2010–2012)
- Papa Emeritus II – vocals performance (2012–2015)
- Papa Emeritus III – vocals performance (2015–2017)
- Cardinal Copia – vocals performance (2018–2020)
- Papa Emeritus IV – vocals performance (2020–present)
- A Group of Nameless Ghouls – guitars, bass, drums, keyboards, backing vocals (2010–present)
- Papa Nihil – saxophone (2018–2020)
The members of Ghost mimic the Roman Catholic Church, but have reversed the image to worship Satan instead of the Holy Trinity. From 2010 to 2017, the band's instrumentalists, referred to as the "Nameless Ghouls", each represented one of the five elements, typically attached to their instrumental role; the lead guitarist was fire, the bassist was water, the keyboardist was wind, the drummer was earth, and the rhythm guitarist was ether, and wore their respective alchemical symbol on their instruments. With Meliora each Nameless Ghoul had all five elemental symbols embroidered on the right breast of their costumes, with the elemental symbol representing the individual Ghoul being highlighted to show the identity of the wearer. In 2018, the band's line-up was expanded to include a third guitarist, two female keyboardists referred to as the "Ghoulettes", and Papa Nihil on saxophone.
The group's vocalist usually portrays the band's mascot character, a Satanic priest known as Papa Emeritus. There have been four different characters taking the name Papa Emeritus. They first welcomed the second Papa Emeritus on 12 December 2012, in Linköping. On 3 June 2015, the second Papa Emeritus welcomed his younger brother as the new Papa Emeritus in Linköping after being "fired" due to not performing his duty in overthrowing governments and churches. Papa Emeritus II and Papa Emeritus III were stated to only have a 3-month difference in age. On 30 September 2017 during a show in Gothenburg, Papa Emeritus III was dragged off stage by two men, who then escorted a new character, Papa Emeritus 0, to the stage to introduce the band's next chapter. Papa Emeritus 0 is portrayed as being significantly older than the previous Papas, making use of a walker and oxygen tank whilst walking on stage. On 19 January 2018, the band shared a video that features a character, implied to be Papa Emeritus IV, listening to Ceremony and Devotion on 8-track tape while critiquing Papa Emeritus III's vocal abilities. The character's face is hidden offscreen, but he is shown to wear red vestments similar to a cardinal priest. He was later revealed to be Cardinal Copia. At the final show of the tour in support of Prequelle, Papa Nihil had collapsed and "died", and Cardinal Copia became Papa Emeritus IV. All versions of Papa Emeritus are actually the same vocalist.
Peter Hällje, a former bandmate of former Ghost member Martin Persner, claimed he designed the Papa Emeritus character in 2005, prior to the formation of Ghost. Hällje never performed as Papa Emeritus and agreed with Persner to let him use the character for his then-new band. His claim was later confirmed by Forge.
In April 2018, it was revealed that the "new leader" of Ghost would be Cardinal Copia, who made his live debut with the group at a private acoustic show on 6 April; he is not a part of the Papa Emeritus lineage. Instead, Forge described the situation as being like Star Wars; “there is always two, master and apprentice... And if he does his job well then he may earn his face paint.”
In promotion for their 2018 US tour a video showed that Papa Emeritus one through three had been killed and their bodies embalmed. In an interview the following month, Forge stated that unlike Ghost's previous frontmen, Cardinal Copia is planned to be around for about five years. The band also welcomed Papa Nihil, the first band member besides Forge to receive a character name. Originally introduced as Papa Emeritus Zero, Nihil is the ancestor of all previous Papa Emeritus characters, and after the "deaths" of his descendants, was the only surviving member of the Papa Emeritus lineage that we know of. During the final show of the tour in support of Prequelle, Cardinal Copia was “elevated” to become Papa Emeritus IV.
Anonymity is a major characteristic of Ghost; prior to 2017, the members had not publicly revealed their names, and the group's five instrumentalists are only referred to as "Nameless Ghouls". During signings, the Nameless Ghouls sign the merchandise by stamping their individual alchemical symbol, while Papa Emeritus signs with his stage name or the letters "P.E." One Ghoul said the idea that the band's members remain anonymous to gain attention is a misconception, and that the idea was to remove their personalities to allow their audiences to focus upon the artwork itself. He also said, "Had not the music been rocking, I don’t think that people would have gone gaga just about our looks". In 2011, a Nameless Ghoul said, "We're often mistaken for roadies, which is helpful. We've almost been thrown out of venues we've played. Forgetting our backstage pass is a big problem." In early 2012, a member of the band said he enjoyed being an individual and that he could easily "step outside the bubble" when he wanted to. In May 2013, a Ghoul disclosed that they had started to reveal their membership in the group to their local friends and family "for house peace."
In an August 2013 interview with Jack Osbourne for Fuse News, a member of the band said that Dave Grohl has dressed up as a Nameless Ghoul and secretly performed with Ghost. In April 2014, a Nameless Ghoul revealed that the group has had several member changes through the years.
The Swedish Performing Rights Society was rumored to have Tobias Forge, vocalist of Swedish bands Subvision and Repugnant and former guitarist for Crashdïet (using the alias Mary Goore in the latter two), credited with songs as "A Ghoul Writer". All of the band's songs are credited to "A Ghoul Writer", causing people to suspect that Forge was Papa Emeritus. The online database for US-based performance rights society ASCAP, when having the name Tobias Forge entered into its search box, revealed all of Ghost's original songs (even though many of the tracks use the pseudonym "A Ghoul Writer" in the database itself) At the time, Ghost stated they would not comment on any rumors of their identities. Following a lawsuit in 2017, Forge's identity as Papa Emeritus was revealed.
In March 2017, Swedish musician Martin Persner of the band Magna Carta Cartel claimed in a short video clip that he was the rhythm guitarist, also known as Omega, from 2009 to July 2016. This marked the first time that someone has publicly identified themselves as a member of Ghost. A few months before Persner's announcement, the band recruited a new bass player who was suspected to be Lez Zeppelin bassist Megan Thomas, later confirmed by Forge. A lawsuit against Forge in April 2017 on behalf of four past members revealed their names, as well as the names of several more past members. When asked about the complete lineup change at the end of 2016, Forge stated that Ghost "was always sort of... I guess a Bathory sort of band, where there was people playing live, and the people playing live [were] not necessarily the same that played on the records." The lawsuit was dismissed by the court on 17 October 2018.
|Known former members|
Musical style and influences
Ghost's music has been categorized in many genres, critics have classified them as hard rock, heavy metal, doom metal, pop rock, progressive rock, psychedelic rock, occult rock, and arena rock. Adrien Begrand of PopMatters stated that Ghost recalls "the early sounds of Black Sabbath, Pentagram, and Judas Priest, as well as the progressive and psychedelic rock of the late '60s." Speaking to Noisey.com, a Nameless Ghoul described Ghost as a black metal band in the traditional sense, but said that they probably do not fit into the norms of the current black metal scene. This Nameless Ghoul described Ghost's music as a mix between pop music and death metal.
In an interview, a Nameless Ghoul said they are influenced by "everything ranging from classic rock to the extreme underground metal bands of the ’80s to film scores to the grandeur of emotional harmonic music." A member of the band said the Swedish and Scandinavian black metal movement of the early '90s plays a major role in their act, and said that each member has come from a metal background. However, the band has stated several times that they do not aim to be a metal band. For their second album, Ghost chose a more diverse songwriting style; a member said, "we tried to deliberately have every song have its own signature." Only a few members actually write songs. The writers compose an acoustic outline of songs before other instrumentation is added so it sounds like a group, rather than being dominated by guitar. In 2017, Forge claimed that he was the main author of every song except "Year Zero" and "Zenith", which were Persner's ideas. Asked how he keeps Ghost's sound intact despite large lineup changes, Forge said he has to teach them to play like he does; explaining that while he is a good guitar player, he is only an "okay" drummer, bassist and keyboardist. So it is a matter of getting them to "underperform [laughs] together."
Their lyrics are often Satanic in nature; one Ghoul said, "the first album is about the forthcoming arrival of the Devil, spoken very much in biblical terms, much like the church will say that doomsday is near. [Infestissumam] is about the presence of the Devil and the presence of the Antichrist." However, the band has said several times their image is all tongue-in-cheek, citing that "We have no militant agenda. We are an entertainment group." Infestissumam also deals with "how people relate to a deity or God, themes like submission and superstition, the horrors of being religious." Additionally, a Nameless Ghoul said the second album is about "how mankind—predominantly men—what they have deemed to be the presence of the Devil, throughout history and even nowadays. And that’s why the record is so fueled with sexual themes and females ... the Inquisition was basically men accusing women of being the Devil just because they had a hard-on for them." The group's theatrics are influenced by Kiss, David Bowie and Alice Cooper, but a member said they are more influenced by Pink Floyd. A Ghoul later cited Death SS as an influence on their "gimmick" but not their music.
Ghost's Satanic theme has proven problematic for the group, especially in the United States. While recording Infestissumam in Nashville, Tennessee, they were unable to find choral singers who would sing their lyrics, forcing them to record the parts in Hollywood. The group was unable to find a record manufacturer in the US to press the album because it featured artwork showing nudity, which resulted in a delay to the album's release. When one interviewer suggested that the band's music had become more "radio-friendly" and that they were being accepted into the US mainstream, a Nameless Ghoul replied that in the US their music was banned from major chain stores, most late-night television shows, and most commercial radio stations. He said, "So, yes, mainstream America is absolutely welcoming us with open legs." During an interview with Loudwire in October 2015, a band member stated that as of 2015[update], the US had become more accepting of their music and imagery, further evidenced by their appearance as the main musical guests on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert on 30 October 2015, during a Halloween-themed episode. This was Ghost's first live television appearance in the United States.
Chicago heavy metal-themed restaurant Kuma's Corner added a hamburger called "The Ghost" to its menu in tribute to Ghost. Its recipe includes goat shoulder, red wine reduction, and a communion wafer. A local Catholic food blogger acknowledged that while the unconsecrated wafer is not the Eucharist, it's still symbolic, and that "it is a mockery of something that is holy". The restaurant's owner acknowledged the controversy and stated they respected religion while refusing to remove the burger, citing the First Amendment. To demonstrate his respect for opposing views, he also donated $1,500 to Catholic Charities of the Chicago Archdiocese.
Awards and nominations
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|2011||Opus Eponymous||Best Hard Rock Album||Nominated|
|2014||Infestissumam||Best Hard Rock/Metal Album||Won|
|2015||Meliora||Best Hard Rock/Metal Album||Won|
|2016||Popestar||Best Hard Rock/Metal Album||Won|
|2019||Prequelle||Best Hard Rock/Metal Album||Nominated|
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|Ghost||Live Act of the Year||Nominated|
|Infestissumam||Metal Album of the Year||Nominated|
|Ghost||Metal Band of the Year||Nominated|
|"Year Zero"||Metal Song of the Year||Nominated|
|"Year Zero"||Metal Video of the Year||Nominated|
|Papa Emeritus II||Vocalist of the Year||Nominated|
|2015||Nameless Ghoul||Best Bassist||Won|
|Ghost||Best Live Act||Nominated|
|Meliora||Best Metal Album||Won|
|Ghost||Best Metal Band||Nominated|
|"Cirice"||Best Metal Song||Nominated|
|"Cirice"||Best Metal Video||Nominated|
|Papa Emeritus III||Best Vocalist||Nominated|
|Papa Emeritus III||Rock Titan||Nominated|
|2016||"Square Hammer"||Best Metal Song||Nominated|
|"Square Hammer"||Best Metal Video||Won|
|Ghost||Best Live Act||Nominated|
|Papa Emeritus III||Rock Titan of the Year||Nominated|
P3 Guld Awards
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|2014||Infestissumam||Best Rock/Metal Album||Won|
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|2016||Ghost||Best Swedish Live Act||Won|
|Ghost||Best Swedish Group||Won|
|Meliora||Best Swedish Album||Won|
|2017||Ghost||Best Swedish Live Act||Won|
|Ghost||Best Swedish Group||Won|
|Popestar||Best Swedish Album||Won|
|Year||Nominee / work||Award||Result|
|2016||"Cirice"||Best Metal Performance||Won|
|2019||Prequelle||Best Rock Album||Nominated|
|"Rats"||Best Rock Song||Nominated|
- Heritage Hunter Tour (2012)
- Popestar Tour (2016–2017)
- Rats! on the Road (2018)
- A Pale Tour Named Death (2018–2020)
- Hartmann, Graham. "Ghost No Longer Obligated to Use 'B.C.'". Loudwire.
- "GHOST - Infestissumam Album Details Revealed". bravewords.com. 20 December 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- "Frontman Tobias Forge: Ghost Is More of a Solo Project Than a Band". Loudwire. 7 June 2017. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
- "The 50 Most Evil Songs Ever". Kerrang!. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
- "Swedish Metal Sensation Ghost on Anonymity, the Coming Apocalypse, and Sounding Like a Million Bucks in 1978". SF Weekly. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
- Bennett, J. "Ghost: The True Story of Death, Religion and Rock & Roll Behind Metal's Strangest Band". Revolver. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
- "Interview: Ghost B.C". eMusic. 8 May 2013. Archived from the original on 30 October 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
- "Ghoul Intentions: Ghost B.C. Talk New Album, 'Infestissumam,' and Living in the Past". Guitar World. 3 June 2013. Archived from the original on 16 February 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- "Ghost - Opus Eponymous". acharts.us. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
- "Ghost Unveil New Track 'Secular Haze' and Offer Free Download". Loudwire. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- "WATAIN Wins Swedish GRAMMIS Award For 'Best Hard Rock' Album". Blabbermouth.net. 6 April 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- "The Entire GHOST Lawsuit Document Leaks, More Info On Why Former Nameless Ghouls Are Suing Papa Emeritus". Metal Injection. 7 April 2017. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
- "PARADISE LOST To Be Supported By GHOST On 'Draconian Times' Tour". Blabbermouth.net. 11 February 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- "Ghost Confirmed for Maryland Deathfest". Revolver. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- "INTRODUCING GHOST: SIX SWEDES BRINGING SATAN TO THE MASSES". Antiquiet. 13 February 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
- "FULL DEFENDERS OF THE FAITH III LINEUP REVEALED!". trivium.org. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
- "Hail Satan! GHOST January North American Tour Confirmed". metalinjection.net. 7 November 2011. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
- Hartmann, Graham. "Mastodon, Opeth + Ghost Bring the 'Heritage Hunter' Tour to NYC". Loudwire. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
- Roche, Jason (27 April 2012). "Opeth, Mastodon, Ghost - Gibson Amphitheatre - 4-26-12". L.A. Weekly. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
- Staff, Westword (24 April 2012). "Photos: Mastodon, Opeth and Ghost at the Fillmore Auditorium, 4/23/12". Westword. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
- "MASTODON, OPETH, GHOST: North American Tour Dates Announced". Blabbermouth.net. Archived from the original on 2 February 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
- "2012 Metal Hammer Golden Gods Awards Winners Announced". Loudwire. 12 June 2012. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
- "GHOST Working On 'Lavished And Divine' New Album". Blabbermouth.net. February 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
- "Masked Balls And Papal Bull: Ghost B.C. Interviewed". The Quietus. 29 April 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
- "GHOST On New Album: We Wanted It To Sound 'Like A Real Expensive Record Done In 1978'". Blabbermouth.net. 23 December 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Ghost Stream New Song, "Secular Haze"". Guitar World. 17 December 2012. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- "Swedish Metal Band Ghost Changes Name to Historically Inaccurate 'Ghost B.C.'". Spin. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "Ghost: 'We Are Never Ever Ever Ever Ever Ever Gonna Call Ourselves Ghost B.C.'". Loudwire. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- "Ghost share new song "Cirice"". Consequence of Sound. 1 June 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- "Ghost forced to change name to Ghost B.C." Consequence of Sound. 6 February 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
- "Ghost B.C.'s Album Delayed After CD Manufacturers Refuse to Print Blasphemous Art". Spin. 29 March 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "GHOST's 'Infestissumam' Wins P3 GULD Award For 'Best Rock/Metal Album Of The Year'". Blabbermouth.net. 18 February 2014. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
- "Ghost B.C. Unveil 'Infestissumam' Release Date + 2013 North American Tour With Ides of Gemini". Loudwire. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- "Ghost B.C. announce summer tour dates". Consequence of Sound. 30 May 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- "SLAYER, GHOST To Support IRON MAIDEN In South America". Blabbermouth.net. 11 April 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- "Avenged Sevenfold Announce Tour Dates and Venues with Ghost B.C. and Deftones". Revolver. 25 July 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- "NEWS: Alice In Chains confirm headline UK tour dates for November 2013!". Deadpress.co.uk. 12 July 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
- "GHOST Speaks To Italy's UnderRadioRock.com (Audio)". Blabbermouth.net. 30 December 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
- "Ghost B.C. To Release 'If You Have Ghost' EP Produced by Dave Grohl". Loudwire. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "3rd Annual Loudwire Music Awards - Vote Now!". Loudwire. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- "Big Day Out 2014 Lineup Announcement". Musicfeeds.com.au. 31 July 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
- "Ghost Big Day Out Sideshows Announced". Musicfeeds.com.au. 10 January 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
- "GHOST B.C. ANNOUNCE 2014 NORTH AMERICAN TOUR WITH KING DUDE". Loudwire. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
- "Mastodon, Slayer, Alice In Chains, Ghost B.C and more added to Sonisphere 2014". Kerrang!. 6 January 2014. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
- "Ghost Reveal Papa Emeritus III, New Masks on Late-Night TV Spot". metalsucks.net. 28 May 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
- "Ghost Win 2016 Best Metal Performance Grammy for 'Cirice'". Loudwire. 15 February 2016. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- "Video: GHOST Performs New Songs At Swedish 'Warm-Up' Concert". Blabbermouth. 3 June 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
- "Video: GHOST Kicks Off 'Unholy/Unplugged' Tour In Seattle". Blabbermouth. 19 June 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
- "Ghost shares scary Carrie-inspired video for "Cirice"". Consequence of Sound. 8 June 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
- "Ghost list 2017 European Popestar tour dates". Teamrock.com. 25 November 2016. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
- "Iron Maiden Announce More 2017 North American Dates". Loudwire.
- "Ghost Set to Record New Album in August". MetalSucks. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
- "GHOST Leader Slapped With Lawsuit By Former Members". Blabbermouth.net. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- "Ghost-musiker stämmer ledaren" (in Swedish). 4 April 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- "Former GHOST Members Accuse Singer Of Trying To 'Shamelessly' Turn 'Band' Into 'Solo Project'". Blabbermouth.net. 6 April 2017. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
- "Ghost Frontman's Response Claims 'No Legal Partnership' Existed With Bandmates". Loudwire. 8 June 2017. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
- "Video Premiere: Ghost's 'He Is'". Blabbermouth. 24 August 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
- "Ghost's Papa Emeritus III Plays Final Show, Transition to New 'Papa' Begins". Loudwire. 1 October 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
- "GHOST Releases Live Album Digitally; Physical Version Out In January". Blabbermouth. 8 December 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
- "GHOST To Release 'Prequelle' Album In June; Video For 'Rats' Single Available". Blabbermouth. 13 April 2018. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- "Ghost's Tobias Forge: 'Bands need to be larger than life'". The Guardian. 7 June 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
- "Ghost Waltzes to Third Mainstream Rock Songs No. 1 With 'Dance Macabre'". Billboard. 14 February 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
- "Ghost Unveil "Rats! on the Road" North American Tour". Revolver. 27 February 2018. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
- "Guns N' Roses Tap Volbeat, Gojira, Ghost, Etc. To Open European Tour". Theprp. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
- "Ghost Announce Two Headlining Arena Shows in 2018". Metal Injection. 30 April 2018. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
- "Ghost's New Album Lands at #3 on Billboard Charts, Announce Massive Fall North American Tour". Metal Injection. 11 June 2018. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
- "Ghost Announce European Leg of 'A Pale Tour Named Death' for February 2019". Metal Addicts. 10 September 2018. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
- "Download Festival Australia 2019 Lineup Announced". Music Feeds. 19 September 2018. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
- "European Summer Vacation 2019 Edition | Metallica.com | Metallica.com". www.metallica.com. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
- "GHOST Announces Fall 2019 North American Tour With NOTHING MORE". Blabbermouth. 1 April 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- "GHOST Announces Fall 2019 European Leg Of 'The Ultimate Tour Named Death'". Blabbermouth. 8 July 2019. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- "GHOST Goes Old School Creepy, Romantic in New "Dance Macabre" Video". Metal Injection. 17 October 2018. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- "Ghost Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
- Team, News (12 September 2019). "Ghost Shares New Song and Video – "Kiss The Go-Goat"". Ghost Cult Magazine. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
- "Ghost Will Do 'Absolutely Zero Touring In 2020,' says Tobias Forge". Blabbermouth.net. 25 September 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
- "GHOST Introduces PAPA EMERITUS IV At Final Concert Of 'Prequelle' Album Cycle: Video, Photos". Blabbermouth. 3 March 2020. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
- "Show No Mercy: Ghost B.C". Pitchfork Media. 12 April 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Members of Ghost B.C. Keep Their Identities Secret Through Bribes". Spin. 15 April 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
- "GHOST's TOBIAS FORGE On Lawsuit: 'It's Always Alarming When You Have People Working Diligently To Destroy Your Life'". Blabbermouth.net. 25 May 2018. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
- "Swedish Heavy Metal Band Ghost "Gets Very Euro-Trashy" on the Tour Bus". Vice. 11 September 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "Ghost - Biography & History - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
- "Mannen bakom Ghosts huvudkaraktär: "Jag är alltså den förste Papa Emeritus – inte Tobias Forge"". Barametal.wordpress.com. 14 June 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
- "GHOST Leader Responds To Lawsuit, Says None Of Musicians Are 'Irreplaceable' Or 'Crucial'". Blabbermouth.net. 7 June 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- "Ghost's Papa Emeritus I, II & III Are Dead". Loudwire. 30 April 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "Ghost Are Like 'Star Wars': Tobias Forge Explains". Loudwire. 9 May 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "Ghost's Cardinal Copia Out, Papa Emeritus IV Introduced As New Singer". Loudwire. 4 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "A Nameless Ghoul From Ghost B.C. Speaks About 'Infestissumam,' the Devil + More". Loudwire. 21 May 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- "Ghost: The Hellbound Interview". hellbound.ca. 12 December 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- "Preview: Ghost B.C. to haunt an old church". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
- "Dave Grohl Wears Hooded Robe to Play With Swede Metalheads Ghost B.C." Fuse. 10 August 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- GHOST B.C. INTERVIEW - NAMELESS GHOUL (web video). Consequence of Sound. 28 April 2014. Event occurs at 8:04. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
We've changed members through the years actually...
- "Ghost Frontman's Identity Revealed Tobias Forge". metalinsider.net. 22 August 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "ASCAP database of all songs written by Tobias Forge/A Ghoul Writer". ASCAP. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
- "Former GHOST Nameless Ghoul Reveals Himself To Be Swedish Musician Martin Persner". metalinjection.net. 2 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- "The Internet Has Figured Out Who GHOST's Female Bassist Is". metalinjection.net. 26 September 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- "TOBIAS FORGE (a.k.a. PAPA EMERITUS): 'GHOST Was Never Formed As A Band'". Blabbermouth.net. 22 April 2017. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
- "Ghost Bio". AllMusic.
- Hughes, Joe (4 June 2018). "Ghost: Prequelle- The Album Metalheads Deserve". Alternative Nation. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
- "With 'Prequelle', Ghost is Coming for Your Soul (Album Review)". pophorror. 2 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
Prequelle finds the band fusing their theatrical, doom metal and hard rock sound with an ’80s aesthetic
- Grow, Kory (6 June 2018). "Review: Ghost Are Hard-Rock's Most Interesting Novelty on 'Prequelle'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
- "Ghost's 'Rats' Is Longest-Running No. 1 Song On Billboard's 'Mainstream Rock Songs' Chart This Year". Blabbermouth. 15 August 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- Morast, Robert (2 May 2019). "Ghost is the smartest band in the world". Retrieved 3 May 2019.
- Welch, Derek (14 February 2018). "Grammy Winning Satanic Band Ghost Explains Religious Influence From Vatican". World Religion News. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
- Schatz, Lake (11 June 2018). "Ghost announce massive North American fall tour". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
- "Dave Grohl drums on ABBA cover with doom metal band Ghost". NME. 21 January 2013. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- "Ghost B.C., 'Infestissumam' – Album Review". Loudwire. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "Iron Maiden Defy Age, Which Is Why They're Still One of Metal's Best Live Acts". LA Weekly. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
- "Album Review: Ghost – Prequelle". Archived from the original on 30 June 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
Ghost move forward with their latest album “Prequelle” which sees the band progress even further with their satanic pop rock sound.
- Lawson, Dom (11 April 2013). "Ghost: Infestissumam – review". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- Arnold, Neil. "GHOST - Infestissumam". Metal Forces. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- Lawson, Dom (24 November 2011). "Occult rock: do you believe in black magic?". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
- "Ghost: Opus Eponymous". PopMatters. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
- on YouTube
- Mervis, Scott (16 May 2013). "Preview: Ghost B.C. to haunt an old church". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "Ghost Interview". Exclaim!. Archived from the original on 24 November 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
- "A Nameless Ghoul From Ghost Plays 'Wikipedia: Fact or Fiction?'". Loudwire. 7 October 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
- "An interview with Ghost B.C". MSN. 17 April 2013. Archived from the original on 25 May 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- "Q&A: Ghost BC on orgiastic art and ABBA's infernal fate". Alarm. 28 May 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
- "Ghost B.C. Burger Makes the Body of Christ More Delicious Than Ever". Spin. 4 October 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "After burger controversy, Kuma's donates to Catholic Charities". Chicago Tribune. 4 October 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "GHOST Wins Swedish GRAMMIS Award For 'Best Hard Rock/Metal'". Blabbermouth.net. 20 February 2014. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- "Ghost Win Swedish Grammis Award For 'Meliora,' Perform 'He Is' At Ceremony". Loudwire. 24 February 2016. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
- "GHOST Wins Swedish GRAMMIS Award For 'Popestar'". Blabbermouth.net. 28 February 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
- "De kan vinna Grammis 2017". Expressen. 15 December 2016. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
- "Tribulation Win Swedish Grammis Award For Best Hard Rock/Metal Album". Bravewords.com. 8 February 2019. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
- "5th Annual Loudwire Music Awards: Complete Winners List". Loudwire. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- "6th Annual Loudwire Music Awards - Vote Now!". Loudwire. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
- "GHOST's 'Infestissumam' Wins P3 GULD Award For 'Best Rock/Metal Album Of The Year'". Blabbermouth.net. 18 February 2014. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- "Ghost Perform At Sweden's Bandit Rock Awards". 8 February 2016. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
- "Ghost on Facebook". 13 February 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- "Grammy.com, 7 December 2018". Archived from the original on 7 December 2018. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ghost.|