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Ghotki, Pakistan
Ghotki, Pakistan is located in Sindh
Ghotki, Pakistan
Ghotki, Pakistan
Coordinates: 28°06′N 69°11′E / 28.1°N 69.19°E / 28.1; 69.19Coordinates: 28°06′N 69°11′E / 28.1°N 69.19°E / 28.1; 69.19
Country  Pakistan
Province Sindh
Elevation 72 m (236 ft)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Ghotki (Urdu: گھوٹکی‎), (Sindhi: گهوٽڪِي‎) is the capital of Ghotki District in northern Sindh, Pakistan. It was the site of the July 13, 2005, Ghotki rail crash. The town is located at 28°1′0N 69°19′0E with an altitude of 72 metres (236 ft).


Ghotki is situated in a low, level, alluvial country much covered with jungle, and is less than 8 miles from the Indus River.

The town is on the main trunk line running from Rohri to Multan, and has road communication with the villages of Gemro and Mirpur (through Mathelo, Kadirpur, and Adalpur).[citation needed]


Ghotki is founded by Pir Syed Musa Shah, around 1747, named as Loi Sahiban in persian which means stay of sahibans (Royals) .[1] There had been a masjid and Madrasah, known as Jamia masjid, erected in 1732 by Pir Syed Ghous Moosa Shah, who was famed for his sanctity.[citation needed] It was constructed of burnt brick, every single brick is recited Quran on it and was quadrangular in shape, 113 feet long by 65 feet broad, with an extensive courtyard in front, and a cupola covered with glazed tiles. The interior had a coating of coloured plaster, and was decorated besides with carved and painted wood-work. This building was by far the largest of its class in Upper Sind, but it was at the same time the only object of interest in the place. The Jamia masjid and the Madrasah was registered with Masjid al-Haram.

During British rule, Ghotki, was a government town and the headquarter station of the district known as the Rohri Deputy Collectorate, 38 miles north-east from Rohri.[1]The government buildings were the Mtikhtyarkar's katcheri, government vernacular school, a police thana with accommodation for 12 policemen (mounted and foot), a cattle pound, musafirkhana, post-office, travellers' bangalow, subordinate Judge's Court-house, and a then newly erected Court-house for the Sessions Judge of Shikarpur District when on circuit in the Rohri district. A bangalow for the Deputy Collector of the division was also built, as it was intended to make this town the head- quarter station of the Rohri Deputy Collectorate.[1]

Ghotki was established as a municipality in 1855, its receipts in 1873-74 were 2942 rupees, and expenses 1563 rupees.[1] The population was 3689, who were chiefly occupied in trade and agri- culture; of these 1803 were Muhammadans, mostly of the Pathan, Malak, Saiyad, Mochi and Lobar castes, and there were 1867 Hindus, the greater number being Banyas. The chief persons of note residing in Ghotki were Pirs ; some of these were Pir Syed Rasool Bakhsh Shah, Pir Syed Ghous Moosa Shah, Pir Syed Mubarak Ali Shah, Pir Nasur Din, and several others.[1]

Pir Syed Rasool Bakhsh Shah was known for his wisdom and admiration for the city Loh i sahiban, Pir Sahib was also bombay council member. He played very significant role in the politics, Pir Sahib had tight grip on languages such as; Persian, English, Arbi, Sindhi, Urdu, Saraiki and many more.

The trade of Ghotki was chiefly in wheat, juar, bajri, grain, indigo, sugar-cane, wool, oil, and ghi. The Lobars of this town were famous for their manufacture of pipe bowls, rings, and pots of various kinds. Wood-carving and colouring were also carried on.