Ghousi Shah

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Hazrath Ghousi Shah
Photo of Hazrath Peer Ghousi Shah
Photo of Alhaj Hazrath Ghousi Shah
Religion Islam
Sect Sunni Hanafi [1]
Personal
Born 1 July 1893 CE- 16th zil haj 1310 hejiri[2]
Hyderabad, India
Died 6 June 1954 CE - 4th Shawwal, 1373 hejire [2]
Senior posting
Based in Hyderabad, India
Predecessor Hazrath Machiliwale Shah[2]
Successor Moulana Sahvi Shah[2]
Religious career
Profession Author
Website http://www.mgshah.com

Alhaj Moulana Peer Ghousi Shah(Persian/Urdu: حضرت مولانا غوثى شاه ) (July 1893 – June 1954) was a renowned Muslim Sufi, saint, scholar, writer and poet from the Indian subcontinent; whose poetry in Urdu andPersian is considered to be among the greatest of the modern era. Tayyabat-E-Ghousi is considered one of the famous poetric book in tasawwuf which has a collection of poems - Hamd, Na`at, Manqabath, Rubaiyat . He was the most famous disciple and successor of Syed Kamalullah Shah also known as Machiliwale Shah who in turn became the spiritual master of India’s noted Sufi saints.[1] He was born on 1 July 1893 CE in Hyderabad corresponding to 16th zil haj 1310 hejiri.[2][3]

Biography[edit]

He was 20 when his father died in 1913. Ghousi Shah studied under Maulana Hameedullah. He learnt Urdu, Arabic, Persian: Fiqh, Hadith, Tafseer. He also learnt calligraphy. Ghousi Shah embodied in his person, all the elements of Akhlakhe Muhammadi – the character of the Islamic prophet Mohammed. Ghousi Shah Saheb was a total transparent person. His surrender to God was total. As an orator, he left a deep, intimate impact upon his listeners. He would stir their hearts by his powerful words. As an interpreter of wahdatul wujood he was unique. He was a great Khateeb – an orator who left a great impact upon the audience.[3] Masnavi Maulana Rum in an extremely impressive manner and he was a great interpreter of arabi. He would baffle us by his simple interpretation of the complex problems of Sufism. He would build a healthy rapport with his students.[2]

Spiritual history[edit]

His father, Alhaj Kareemullah Shah, brought him up and initiated him in Tasawwuf. He developed love for Allah after the initiation. This love grew into great passion and ishq, after he met Hazrath Machiliwale Shah. He took Baiyat under him and was awarded khilafath instantly. It was a turning point in his life. Syed Kamalullah Shah(Machiliwale Shah) a businessman from Mysore, surrendered himself to Syed Sultan Mahmoodullah Shah Hussaini, when he first met him in Secunderabad. The meeting transformed him totally. He was initiated in the order. Ghousi Shah was a one-year child, when Syed Sultan Mahmoodullah Shah Hussaini died.[1]

last speech of hazrath ghousi shah
Last speech of Hazrath Peer Ghousi Shah

Successor[edit]

Four months before his death in an impressive speech before a huge audience of murideen he declared his son, Sahvi Shah to be his successor(Janasheen). He said that it is the will of God that Sahvi Shah should take over from him.[2] Peer Ghousi Shah( gave khilafath through his son's hand to his four disciples Abdul Khader Shah Saheb, Syed Khasim Shah Sahab, Sadullah Khan Sahab and Abdur Rasheed Sahab. These lines are written in the dargah stone of Peer Ghousi Shah[1][3]

Title[edit]

Sayings[edit]

Sayings of Peer Ghousi Shah
FAITH:

  1. If the life of a Muslim is surcharged with faith, and if he combines both intellect and action in discharging his day to day duties, he shall spread light throughout the world, by virtue of his faith.
  2. Prayer is a cardinal virtue of life and after prayer, if any other virtue is to be cultivated, it is the respect your should show towards the God – conscious and God – fearing. Observe the creation and accept the creator.
  3. LA ILAHA ILALLAH: If u realize the significance of La Ilaha Ilallah, the doors of meaning will open. And you should know what is the meaning of God.
  4. Elements of IMAN E KAMIL – the perfect faith.
    1. Performing prayers with stead fastness.
    2. Spending the wealth of God.
    3. Surrendering oneself to God’s Will.
    4. Fear of God.
    5. Strengthening the faith.

[2]

Influence[edit]

  • Maulana Abdus Samad: A student of Deoband commenting about his scholarship has said "I have not seen a greater interpreter of Masnavi Maulana Rum than Ghousi Shah.
  • Allama seemab Akabarabadi: He once wrote "how I only wish I had seen him from a distance".
  • Maulana Maudoodi: Maulana Maudoodi was all praise for his learning when he had a detailed meeting with him in the company of Nisar Yar Jung.
  • Allama Ashraf Ali Thanvi: Allama Ashraf Ali Thanvi paid rich tributes for his interpretation of the problem of determinism.
  • Hazrath Syed Abdullah Shah: Hazrath Syed Abdullah Shah on his death said "once I went to listen to Hazrath Ghousi Shah Saheb’s sermon. He explained the intricacies of Tawheed quite coherently. Only a man of his calibre could do it. One has to wait for ages to expect such persons of distinction. Hazrath is no more. We must make the best use of the presence of Hazrath Sahvi Shah, his successor – a boon for all of us.
  • Nawaab Liaqat Jung: Nawaab Liaqat Jung while lauding the efforts of the Namaz committee in propagating the movement of namaaz said "in fact, a movement of this type was founded by Hazrath Ghousi Shah, who organized a huge movement to inculcate religious values".
  • Hazrath Syed Badshah Hussaini Quadri: Hazrath Syed Badshah Hussaini Quadri also paid rich tributes to the personality of Ghousi Shah. Hazrath Ghousi Shah has dedicated his life to propagate Islam, Iman (faith), Tawheed (faith in the unity of God), Piety and Ihsan. His books are alive, his teachings are alive. He is thus alive. It is just a question of paying attention to his books to reap the benefits.[2]

Disciples[edit]

Approximately 10 thousand people were his disciples through all over India.[2] In the disciples many followers were educated. His disciples have spread his teachings throughout India and abroad.[2]

Khulafa[edit]

  1. Maulana Bareeq Shah
  2. Maulana Hakeem
  3. Abdul Hameed Shah
  4. Syed Khasim Shah
  5. Abdul Basith Shah(Bellary)
  6. Maulana Abdul Ghani Saheb
  7. Syed Wajid Ali Shah
  8. Faqeer Mohammed Shah
  9. Dr Ghulam Dastageer Rasheed Ph.D
  10. Shaik Mohammed Shah
  11. Moulana Shah Husamuddin Quadri (Karda,Mumbai)
  12. Maulana Sheikh Mohiuddin Hilal Akbari
  13. Ghouse Khan
  14. Galeb Saheb
  15. Ahmed Mohiuddin Noori Shah
  16. Abdul Quddoos, Waheedullah Shah
  17. Naser Ali Shah(London
  18. Hakeekm Shah Maqdoom Ashraf(Chennai)
  19. Maulana Ghaffar Shah
  20. Abdur Rasheed.[1][3]

Books[edit]

  • Kanze Maktoom (Sharha Mathnawi Bahrul Uloom)[1]
  • Majoone Mohammadi [3]
  • Jawahere Ghousi [3]
  • Maqsad-E-Bayet (Ghousi Shah discusses bayet – taking a spiritual pledge. He discusses the purpose, virtues, necessity, kinds of bayet).[2][1][3]
  • Tayyebat-E-Ghousi (A collection of poems-Hamd, Naat, Manqabath, Rubaiyat. There are thumris-thumri on the Prophet and Meraj).[2][1][3]
  • Noor-Un-Noor (A book on the interpretation of Wahadatul Wujood).[2][1]
  • Kalima-E-Tayaba The book discusses the significance of Kalim-E-Tyebba – the bedrock of Islam. The book also discusses awareness of self, awareness of God, revelation, Prophethood etc.,.[2][1]
  • Falahe Muslims [3]
  • Maeete Elah [1]
Mazaar Shareef(Grave) of Hazrath Peer Ghousi Shah
Mazaar Shareef(Grave) of Hazrath Peer Ghousi Shah

Death[edit]

Ghousi Shah Saheb died on 4th Shawwal, 1373 hejire corresponding to Sunday, 6 June 1954 CE in Hyderabad. He was buried in his father mosque Masjid-E-Kareemullah Shah, 15-6-341, Begum bazaar, Hyderabad, India.[1]

Urs[edit]

His annual Urs is organized by his present successor Moulana Ghousavi Shah on 4th Shawwal every year. Moulana Ghousavi Shah (Secretary General: The Conference of World Religions and President: All India Muslim Conference) [1][3][4] and other religious scholars presides the function every year. The Urs celebrations will end with sama (Qawwali Programme) at Baith-Un-Noor, Hyderabad. People from all corners of country irrespective of cast and creed comes to attend this occasion every year.[1]

Related[edit]

See also[edit]

Moinuddin Chishti Nizamuddin Awliya

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Dr.Sayed Basheer Ahmad. Anwar-E-Sufiyai Salasa Hyderabad.’’’ Educational Publishing House’’’, 2009, p. 12-20. ISBN 978-81-8223-620-2
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Dr.Syed Basheer Ahmed. Sarsari Taruf Ghousi Shah The Siasat Daily Newspaper, Hyderabad, India. Dated: Saturday 01-12-2007
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Kabeer Ahmed. Taruf Hazrath Ghousi Shah, Publisher: Idara-E-ALnoor
  4. ^ By: Prof.Dr.Khwaja Muzaffaruddin Quadri, Ph.D.(Glasgow) Taruf in The Munsif Daily Newspaper, Hyderabad, India. Dated: 13 July 1998