Ghulam Mohammed (composer)

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Ghulam Mohammed (composer)
Born 1903[1]
Bikaner, Rajasthan, India
Died (1968-03-17)March 17, 1968[1] (aged 64-65)
Mumbai, India
Other names Ghulam Mohammad
Occupation film music composer, tabla player
Years active 1931-1963
Awards 1955: National Film Award for Best Music Direction: Mirza Ghalib (1954)[2]

Ghulam Mohammed was an Indian film score composer, who is most remembered for his work in Hindi musical-hit films like, Mirza Ghalib (1954), Shama (1961) and Pakeezah (1972).[1]

He received National Film Award for Best Music Direction (then called State Awards for Films in 1954) for the film Mirza Ghalib (1954).[3][4] The shooting of his last film, Pakeezah, was held up for many years due to marital and personal problems between the film producer Kamal Amrohi and the film's lead actress Meena Kumari, and the film was finally released only after Ghulam Mohammed's death.[1]

Early life and career[edit]

Ghulam Mohammed was born in Bikaner, Rajasthan, into a family of musicians. His father, Nabi Baksh, was an accomplished tabla player himself.[3]

He started his career as a child actor at age six with the Punjab-based New Albert Theatrical Company and worked at local Albert Theatre in Bikaner. "He eventually signed on as a contract artiste for 25 rupees a month, but before he could take up the appointment, the theatre closed due to financial difficulties."[1]

In 1924, he came to Bombay, where after a struggle of eight years, in 1932 he got the chance of playing tabla in Saroj Movietone's Productions' "Raja Bharthari".[1]

In music composition, he first became an assistant, to noted music director, Naushad in Kardar Productions, and worked with him and the veteran film composer Anil Biswas,[3] for over 12 years, before composing music independently, in the film 'Tiger Queen' (1947). He went on to give music in many memorable films and even won the 1955 National Film Award for Best Music Direction for his film Mirza Ghalib (1954). His musical score for film Pakeezah is still considered to be one of the all-time great music scores in Indian Cinema.[1][2]

He died on 17 March 1968, much before his magnum opus, Pakeezah (1972) was released. In fact, his mentor and close friend veteran film composer Naushad stepped in, after his death, to finish the film composing work in film Pakeezah. "The music by the late Ghulam Mohammed was also a benchmark score. Arriving bang in the midst of the peak era of R. D. Burman and Kishore Kumar, it brought back classic melody of the timeless kind and won a Gold Disc from Saregama, which was then called HMV, for outstanding sales." He was also nominated for Best Music Director for film Pakeezah (1972) at the Filmfare Awards.[2][5] "In 1972, Pran (actor) refused to accept his Filmfare award for the Best Supporting Actor in Be-Imaan because he felt music composer Ghulam Mohammed deserved a Filmfare award for his songs in Pakeezah."[6]

In 1997, he was honoured, in the 'Keep Alive' music show series in Mumbai, that honours all-time film music composers of India.[7]

An extensive audio - visual programme on Ghulam Mohammed was presented by Mumbai- based music troupe MUSICOLOR in 2010 where music lovers cherished the composer's gems. "One commonly-heard story is that when Shankar-Jaikishan were composing their maiden venture Barsaat (1949), they insisted on having Ghulam Mohammed play the dholak for the film song 'Barsaat Mein Ham Se Mile Tum Sajjan'.[1]

Filmography[edit]

  • Baanke Sipahi (1937)
  • Mera Khwab (1943)
  • Doli (1947)
  • Tiger Queen (1947)
  • Grihasthi (1948)
  • Kaajal (1948)
  • Pagdi (1948)
  • Parayee Aag (1948)
  • Dil Ki Basti (1949)
  • Paaras
  • Shaayar (1949)
  • Hanste Aansoo (1950)
  • Maang (1950)
  • Pardes (1950)
  • Bikhre Moti (1951)
  • Naazneen (1951)
  • Ajeeb Ladki (1952)
  • Amber (1952)
  • Sheesha (1952)
  • Dil-e-Naadan (1953)
  • Gauhar (1953)
  • Hazaar Raaten (1953)
  • Laila Majnu (1953)
  • Rail Ka Dibba (1953)
  • Guzaara (1954)
  • Mirza Ghalib (1954)
  • Hoor-e-Arab (1955)
  • Kundan (1955)
  • Sitara (1955)
  • Pak Daaman (1957)
  • Maalik (1958)
  • Do Ghunde (1959)
  • Shama (1961)
  • Pakeezah (1972)

References[edit]

External links[edit]