Ghuwayr Abu Shusha

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Ghuwayr Abu Shusha
Abu Shusha sheikh 01.jpg
Maqam Sheikh Abu Shusha
Ghuwayr Abu Shusha is located in Mandatory Palestine
Ghuwayr Abu Shusha
Ghuwayr Abu Shusha
Arabic غُويّر أبو شوشة
Name meaning from personal name; meaning the “father of” wearing “a top knot”[1]
Subdistrict Tiberias
Coordinates 32°51′13″N 35°30′34″E / 32.85361°N 35.50944°E / 32.85361; 35.50944Coordinates: 32°51′13″N 35°30′34″E / 32.85361°N 35.50944°E / 32.85361; 35.50944
Palestine grid 197/251
Population 1,240[2][3] (1945)
Area 8,609[3] dunams
Date of depopulation 21 and 28 April 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Secondary cause Influence of nearby town's fall
Current localities Ginosar[5], Livnim[5]

Ghuwayr Abu Shusha was a Palestinian Arab village in the Tiberias Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on April 21, 1948. It was located 8 km north of Tiberias, nearby Wadi Rubadiyya.

History[edit]

In 1838 Edward Robinson found on the remains of a few dwellings, built of rough volcanic stones, some of which were still used as magazines by the Arabs of the plain. A wely with a white dome marked the spot. He found no traces of antiquity.[6]

In 1850-1851 de Saulcy saw the village, which he described as ruined. Of the village, all which remained was a few portions of wall of modern appearance, "but in the midst of these is still standing a square vaulted tower, constructed in fine blocks of Herodian workmanship, or Roman of the early empire. This tower rests against a wall of more recent character."[7]

In 1875 Victor Guérin visited and noted the little wely dedicated to Abou-Choutheh.[8]

In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it as containing 20 Moslems, with housed built of basalt, located round a mill.[9] There were modern ruins in the village, and a number of ruined mills in the valley below.[10]

British mandate era[edit]

In 1945 it had a population of 1,240 Muslims,[2] with 8,609 dunams of land.[3] Of this, 21 dunams were used for citrus and bananas, 1,377 for plantations and irrigable land, 1,848 dunams for cereals,[11] while 6 dunams were classified as built-up (urban) area.[12]

The village also contained Khirbat Abu Shusha, which had the ruins of water-powered mills.[13]

1948, and aftermath[edit]

The village was depopulated after a military assault on 21 and 28 April 1948.[4]

Ginosar presently occupy part of what was village land, so does Livnim, established in 1982 ca. 1 km northwest of the Ghuwayr Abu Shusha site.[5]

In 1992 the village site was described: "The village site is covered with thorns and wild vegetation, including Christ's-thorn trees and cactuses. The shrine of Shaykh Muhammad and the remains of a mill can be seen among piles of stones and a few olive trees. The lower-lying lands are planted in bananas and citrus, while the highlands are used as grazing areas by the Israelis."[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 128
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 12
  3. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 72
  4. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p. xvii, village #93. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  5. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p. 517
  6. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, pp. 285-286; cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 516
  7. ^ Saucy, 1854, pp. 423-424
  8. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 209-212
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 360
  10. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 396
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 122
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 172
  13. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 516

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]