Giacomo Puccini (senior)

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Giacomo Puccini

Giacomo Puccini ("senior") (1712-1781) was an 18th-century Italian composer who lived and worked primarily in Lucca, Tuscany. He was the first of five generations of composers, the most famous of whom was his great-great-grandson, the opera composer Giacomo Puccini.[1][2]

Career[edit]

Puccini studied in Bologna under Giuseppe Carretti, who was maestro di cappella at Bologna's San Petronio Basilica.[3][4] In Bologna Puccini became friends with Padre Martini.[4] After returning to Lucca in 1739, he served as organist in the cathedral and later Maestro di Cappella to the Most Serene Republic.[3] Puccini belonged to the Accademia Filarmonica of Bologna and was a skilled teacher.[2]

His musical style incorporated elements of both the Baroque and early Classic periods.[5] Puccini was known as an excellent organist.[3] He wrote many dramatic and sacred works, including a Te Deum for four voices and instruments, a Domine for four voices, masses, and psalm settings.[3][4] Between 1733 and 1780, Puccini wrote 31 servizi ecclesiastici for the annual Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross (Festa della Esaltazione della Santa Croce).[3][4] Some of Puccini's works, including a processional motet in eight voices, continued to be performed into at least the early 19th Century.[3] A Requiem for eight voices by Puccini was performed at the Vienna Musical Exposition of 1892, together with music by his son Antonio, grandson Domenico, and great-grandson Michele.[6]

Compositions[edit]

  • Messa a 3 (1760). Consists of Kyrie, Gloria, and Credo. Scored for 2 violins in unison, cello, bass, continuo, and three-part chorus (SSA or SAA). Original title: 1760/ Messa Piena a 3 voci, cioè Canto, e due Alti/ Con violini a beneplacito Unis: [soni]/ Per il Concerto di S. Giovannetto/ di Giacomo Puccini.[1]
  • Messa di requiem (1760). Requiem mass for 8 voices, strings, and continuo.[5]

The Puccini musical dynasty[edit]

Five generations of the Puccini family were composers in Lucca.[1][2][7]

  • Giacomo Puccini ("senior"): 26 January 1712 - 16 May 1781.
  • Antonio Benedetto Maria Puccini: 30 July 1747 - 10 February 1832.
  • Domenico Vincenzo Maria Puccini: 5 April 1772 - 25 May 1815.
  • Michele Puccini: 27 November 1813 - 23 Jan 1864.
  • Giacomo Puccini: 22 December 1858 - 29 November 1924.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Banner 2010
  2. ^ a b c S. Puccini 1994
  3. ^ a b c d e f Gervasoni 1812
  4. ^ a b c d Musica e musicisti 1903
  5. ^ a b requiemsurvey.org
  6. ^ Streatfield 1895
  7. ^ Fairtile 1998, p. 74.

References[edit]

  • Musica e musicisti, Giulio Ricordi, vol. 58 (No. 2), February 1903  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  • Banner, Martin (2010), "Editor's Note", in Puccini, Giacomo, Messa a 3, Hinshaw Music Inc., p. 2 
  • Fairtile, Linda (1998), Giacomo Puccini: A Guide to Research, Psychology Press, pp. 74–76 
  • Gervasoni, Carlo (1812), Nuova teoria di musica ricavata dall'odierna pratica, Milano: Blanchon, pp. 240–241 
  • Puccini, Simonetta (1994), "The Puccini Family", in Weaver, William; Puccini, Simonetta, The Puccini Companion, New York: Norton and Company, pp. 3–38 
  • Streatfield, Richard Alexander (1895), Masters of Italian music, C. Scribner's Sons, p. 269 

Recordings[edit]

External links[edit]