Gianduja (chocolate)

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Gianduia
Nougat stange aus jeibmann 150dpi.jpg
Gianduja bars
TypeChocolate
Place of originItaly
Region or stateTurin, Piedmont
Main ingredientsChocolate paste, hazelnut paste

Gianduia or gianduja (Italian: [dʒanˈduːja];[1] Piedmontese: giandoja [dʒaŋˈdʊja]) is a homogeneous blend of chocolate with 30% hazelnut paste, invented in Turin during Napoleon's regency (1796–1814). It can be consumed in the form of bars or as a filling for chocolates. Chocolate spreads are also notably made from gianduja.

Gianduja is made in both plain and milk versions. It may also contain other nuts, such as almond.[2] As a bar, gianduja resembles regular chocolate, excepting the fact that it is significantly softer due to the presence of hazelnut oil.[3]

History[edit]

The Continental System, imposed by Napoleon in 1806, prevented British goods from entering European ports under French control, putting a strain on cocoa supplies.[4] A chocolatier in Turin named Michele Prochet extended the little chocolate he had by mixing it with hazelnuts from the Langhe hills south of Turin.[5] From a base of gianduja, Turin-based chocolate manufacturer Caffarel invented gianduiotto in 1852.[6]

It takes its name from Gianduja, a Carnival and marionette character who represents the archetypal Piedmontese, natives of the Italian region where hazelnut confectionery is common.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Focus on Gianduia, Part 1.5: Orthography and Pronunciation – DallasFood". dallasfood.org.
  2. ^ Beckett, Steve T. (2011). "Gianduja chocolate". Industrial Chocolate Manufacture and Use. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781444357554.
  3. ^ Medrich, Alice (2015). Pure Dessert: True Flavors, Inspiring Ingredients, and Simple Recipes. Artisan Books. p. 157. ISBN 9781579656850. gianduja resembles a bar of chocolate. It is softer to the tooth than a plain chocolate bar (because of the oil from the hazelnuts)
  4. ^ Elena Kostioukovitch (2009) Why Italians Love to Talk About Food p.95, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, ISBN 978-0374289942
  5. ^ "Turin's chocolatiers" (Feb 2013) Gourmet Traveller Magazine
  6. ^ "Caffarel – Finest Chocolate and the Best Hazelnuts". Caffarel.
  7. ^ The History of Nutella Archived 2015-09-12 at the Wayback Machine