|Place of origin||Italy|
|Region or state||Turin, Piedmont|
|Main ingredients||Chocolate paste, hazelnut paste|
Gianduia or gianduja (Italian: [dʒanˈduːja]; Piedmontese: giandoja [dʒaŋˈdʊja]) is a homogeneous blend of chocolate with 30% hazelnut paste, invented in Turin during Napoleon's regency (1796–1814). It can be consumed in the form of bars or as a filling for chocolates. Chocolate spreads are also notably made from gianduja.
Gianduja is made in both plain and milk versions. It may also contain other nuts, such as almond. As a bar, gianduja resembles regular chocolate, excepting the fact that it is significantly softer due to the presence of hazelnut oil.
The Continental System, imposed by Napoleon in 1806, prevented British goods from entering European ports under French control, putting a strain on cocoa supplies. A chocolatier in Turin named Michele Prochet extended the little chocolate he had by mixing it with hazelnuts from the Langhe hills south of Turin. From a base of gianduja, Turin-based chocolate manufacturer Caffarel invented gianduiotto in 1852.
- Nutella, which was originally called Pasta Gianduja
- Gianduja (fr.wikibooks)
- Crema gianduia (it.Wikipedia)
- "Focus on Gianduia, Part 1.5: Orthography and Pronunciation – DallasFood". dallasfood.org.
- Beckett, Steve T. (2011). "Gianduja chocolate". Industrial Chocolate Manufacture and Use. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781444357554.
- Medrich, Alice (2015). Pure Dessert: True Flavors, Inspiring Ingredients, and Simple Recipes. Artisan Books. p. 157. ISBN 9781579656850.
gianduja resembles a bar of chocolate. It is softer to the tooth than a plain chocolate bar (because of the oil from the hazelnuts)
- Elena Kostioukovitch (2009) Why Italians Love to Talk About Food p.95, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, ISBN 978-0374289942
- "Turin's chocolatiers" (Feb 2013) Gourmet Traveller Magazine
- "Caffarel – Finest Chocolate and the Best Hazelnuts". Caffarel.
- The History of Nutella Archived 2015-09-12 at the Wayback Machine