Gianni Agnelli

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Giovanni Agnelli
Gianni Agnelli 01.jpg
Gianni Agnelli in 1986
Member of the Senate of the Republic
In office
1 June 1991 – 24 January 2003
for life
Appointed byFrancesco Cossiga
President of Confindustria
In office
30 May 1974 – 23 July 1976
Preceded byRenato Lombardi
Succeeded byGuido Carli
Mayor of Villar Perosa
In office
6 May 1945 – 16 June 1980
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byAlberto Castagna
Personal details
Born(1921-03-12)12 March 1921
Turin, Italy
Died24 January 2003(2003-01-24) (aged 81)
Turin, Italy
Political partyNone
SpousePrincess Marella Caracciolo di Castagneto
RelationsGiovanni Agnelli (grandfather)
John Elkann (grandson)
ChildrenEdoardo Agnelli III
Countess Margherita Agnelli de Pahlen
Parent(s)Edoardo Agnelli II (father)
Princess Virginia Bourbon del Monte (mother)
Alma materUniversity of Turin

Giovanni "Gianni" Agnelli Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI OML OMCA CGVM CMG (Italian: [ˈdʒanni aɲˈɲɛlli]; 12 March 1921 – 24 January 2003), nicknamed L'Avvocato ("The Lawyer"), was an Italian industrialist and principal shareholder of Fiat. As the head of Fiat, he controlled 4.4% of Italy's GDP, 3.1% of its industrial workforce, and 16.5% of its industrial investment in research. He was the richest man in modern Italian history.[1]

Agnelli was regarded as having an impeccable and slightly eccentric fashion sense,[2] which has influenced both Italian and international men's fashion. Agnelli was awarded the decoration Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic in 1967 and the Order of Merit for Labour (Cavaliere del lavoro) in 1977.[3] Following his death in 2003, control of the firm was gradually passed to his grandson and chosen heir, John Elkann.[1]

Early life[edit]

Agnelli was born in Turin; he maintained strong ties with the village of Villar Perosa, near Turin in the Piedmont region, of which he served as mayor until 1980.[4] His father was the prominent Italian industrialist Edoardo Agnelli.[5] His maternal grandmother was American;[6] his mother was Princess Virginia Bourbon del Monte,[5] daughter of Carlo, 4th Prince of San Faustino, head of a noble family established in Perugia, who was married with the American heiress Jane Allen Campbell.[7] Agnelli was named after his grandfather Giovanni Agnelli, the founder of the Italian car manufacturer Fiat.[5] At the age of 14, his father was killed in a plane crash,[8] and he was raised by his grandfather,[9] who died on 16 December 1945, fifteen days after Agnelli's mother, Virginia, died in a car crash.[7]

Known as Gianni to differentiate from his grandfather, with whom he shared his first name, he inherited the command of Fiat and the Agnelli family assets in general in 1966, following a period in which Fiat was temporarily ruled by Vittorio Valletta while he was learning how his family's company worked.[5] Agnelli raised Fiat to become the most important company in Italy, and one of the major car-builders of Europe, amid the Italian economic miracle.[5] He was considered the king of Italian business from the 1960s to the 1980s.[10] He also developed an accessory business,[11] with minor companies, such as Fiat Velivoli, operating in the military industry.[12]

Agnelli (left) with his grandfather and Fiat founder, Giovanni Agnelli, in 1940

Agnelli was educated at Pinerolo Cavalry Academy, and studied law at the University of Turin, although he never practiced law.[11] He joined a tank regiment in June 1940 when Italy entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers. He fought on the Eastern Front, being wounded twice. He also served in a Fiat-built armoured-car division during the North African campaign, for which he received the War Cross of Military Valor.[13][14][15] After the armistice of Cassibile, Agnelli became a liaison officer with the occupying American troops due to his fluency in English.[11] His grandfather, who had manufactured vehicles for the Axis powers during the war, was forced to retire from Fiat but named Valletta to be his successor. His grandfather died, leaving him head of the family but Valletta running the company. Fiat then began producing Italy's first inexpensive mass-produced car, with the Fiat 600 being a success.[5]

Prior to his marriage on 19 November 1953 to Marella Caracciolo dei Principi di Castagneto, a half-American, half-Neapolitan noblewoman who made a small but significant name as a fabric designer and a bigger name as a tastemaker,[16] Agnelli was a noted playboy whose mistresses included actresses, such Anita Ekberg, Rita Hayworth, Linda Christian, Danielle Darrieux, the socialite Pamela Harriman, and Jackie Kennedy.[11] Although Agnelli continued to be involved with other women during his marriage, including Ekberg and the fashion designer Jackie Rogers,[17] the Agnellis remained married until his death of prostate cancer in 2003 at the age of 81.[18]

For most of his life, Agnelli was considered to be a man of exquisite taste.[19] In 2002, he left his paintings to the city of Turin,[11] which established the Pinacoteca Giovanni e Marella Agnelli.[20] His only son, Edoardo Agnelli, was born in New York City on 9 June 1954, seven months after the couple's wedding at the Château d'Osthoffen in France.[21][22] He gave up trying to groom him to take over Fiat, seeing how the boy was more interested in mysticism than making cars; his son studied religion at Princeton University and took part in a world day of prayer in Assisi. His son, who seemed burdened by the mantle of his surname,[23][24][25] committed suicide on 15 November 2000 by jumping off a bridge near Turin;[26] Agnelli joined police at the scene.[27] The Agnellis had one daughter, Countess Margherita Agnelli de Pahlen. She is the mother of John Elkann, Lapo Elkann, and Ginevra Elkann. She has five other children from her second marriage to Count Serge de Pahlen: Maria de Pahlen, Peter de Pahlen, Anna de Pahlen, and Tatiana de Pahlen. Into the 2020s, the de Pahlens remain involved in a dispute with the Elkanns over Agnelli's inheritance.[11][28][29]

Head of Fiat[edit]

Agnelli (in the centre) and the Fiat board of directors meet then president Sandro Pertini (at his left) during an official visit to the new Sevel Val di Sangro factory in 1981

Agnelli became president of Fiat in 1966. He opened factories in many places, including the Soviet Union in the Russian city of Tolyatti,[12] Spain,[11] and South America,[9] such as Automóveis in Brasil;[12] he also started international alliances and joint-ventures like Iveco, which marked a new industrial mentality. During the international energy crisis of the 1970s, he sold part of the company to Lafico, a Libyan company owned by Muammar Gaddafi;[30][31][32] Agnelli would later repurchase these shares.[11][12] He was also closely connected with Juventus, the most renowned Italian football club,[33] of which he was a fan and the direct owner.[34][35][36]

In 1969 and 1970, Fiat was joined by Ferrari and Lancia. In the 1970s, which were marked by labour tensions, Fiat expanded to the east and agreements with Poland, Turkey, and Yugoslavia were strengthened.[12] In 1974, he was elected president of Confindustria and came to terms with the labour unions by signing the agreement for the single point of contingency with the CGIL by Luciano Lama.[5] The 1980s saw increased sales for Fiat under Vittorio Ghidella, with successes such as the Fiat Uno, the Fiat Croma, and the Lancia Thema. In 1986, after a failed agreement with Ford Motor Company, Agnelli bought Alfa Romeo from the Italian state.[12] In the 1990s, as Fiat was unable to make inroads into the non-European automotive markets, Agnelli decided to form an alliance with General Motors. The agreement provided for the General Motors to sell 5% of their shares in exchange for 20% of the Fiat Group's package, with the possibility after two years and within the next eight years to buy the remaining 80% of Fiat if it was sold.[12]

In 1991, Agnelli was named an Italian senator for life and joined the independent parliamentary group; he was later named a member of the Senate of the Republic's defence commission. In 1997, he briefly acquired de facto control of Telecom Italia.[37] In the early 2000s, Agnelli made overtures to General Motors resulting in an agreement under which General Motors progressively became involved in Fiat. The crisis of Fiat came when Agnelli was already fighting against cancer, and he could take little part in these events.[38] Agnelli also encountered a number of difficulties with Mediobanca through Cesare Romiti, who caused Agnelli anxiety. Mediobanca made a policy of constantly supervising the Fiat because of their financial interests in the company, often becoming significantly involved in executive decisions and important issues. Vincenzo Maranghi, who later became the CEO of the bank, eventually developed a close friendship with Agnelli, despite previous tensions.[39] At the time of his death in 2003, Fiat was worth €3.3 billions; Agnelli's inheritance was twenty-five times bigger by 2023.[40]

Nicknamed L'Avvocato ("The Lawyer") because he had a degree in law even though he was never admitted to the Order of Lawyers, Agnelli was the most important figure in Italian economy, the symbol of capitalism throughout the second half of 20th century,[41][42] and regarded by many as the true "King of Italy".[43] A cultivated man of keen intelligence and a peculiar sense of humour, he was perhaps the most famous Italian abroad, particularly in the United States and New York,[44][45] forming deep relationships with international bankers and politicians, largely through the Bilderberg Group, whose conferences he attended regularly since 1958.[46][47] Some of the other Bilderberg regulars became close friends, among them Henry Kissinger.[48][49][50] He was also close to John F. Kennedy,[51] and was a friend of Truman Capote.[52] Another longtime associate was David Rockefeller,[53][54] who appointed him to the International Advisory Committee of Chase Manhattan Bank, of which Rockefeller was chairman; Agnelli sat on this committee for thirty years. He was also a member of a syndicate with Rockefeller that for a time in the 1980s owned Rockefeller Center.[55] He was also a honorary member of the International Olympic Committee, a position he held until his death, and was named in 2000 the committee honorary president for Torino 2006,[36] of which he was an instrumental promoter.[56]

Later life and death[edit]

Agnelli stepped down in 1996 but stayed on as Fiat honorary chairman until his death.[11] Giovanni Alberto Agnelli, the son of Gianni's younger brother, Umberto Agnelli, died of a rare form of cancer in 1997 at age 33 while he was being groomed by his uncle to head the Fiat Group.[57][58][59] John Elkann, the son of Gianni and Marella's daughter, Margherita, was expected to take over Fiat after Gianni's death. Instead, Umberto became chairman, taking over from Paolo Fresco. While Fresco had diversified the Fiat Group's holdings, Umberto refocused its activities on its auto and mechanics division.[60][61] He then brought in Giuseppe Morchio to mastermind a rescue strategy for the company. Morchio was expected to continue to run the Fiat Group as it attempted to claw its way out of its latest financial crisis.[62]

Upon Umberto's death, Ferrari chairman Luca Cordero di Montezemolo was named Fiat chairman,[63][64] with Elkann as vice chairman; Morchio immediately offered his resignation. His successor was Sergio Marchionne, an expert of reorganisation who between 2002 and 2004 led the Swiss certification company Societé Générale de Surveillance; Elkann played a key role when he brought Marchionne to Fiat.[65] Agnelli died in 2003 of prostate cancer at age 81 in Turin.[66] Fiat-owned Scuderia Ferrari named their 2003 Formula One contender, the F2003-GA, in tribute to Agnelli.[67][68][69] Juventus and the Italian Football Federation were also in mourning over his death.[70] In 2021, to celebrate the centenary of Agnelli's birth, a special postage stamp was issued.[71][72][73]


Juventus F.C.[edit]


From left to right: Agnelli, investor and former chairman of Juventus, talks with some squad's footballers (Antonello Cuccureddu, Gianpietro Marchetti, Dino Zoff, José Altafini, and Pietro Anastasi) in the summer of 1972.

The figure of Agnelli was intimately linked to the history of Juventus, the association football team of Turin of which he was appointed president from 1947 to 1954. His activity had an impact within the club similar to that of his father, Edoardo Agnelli, a twenty years earlier, acquiring important players, such as Giampiero Boniperti, John Hansen, and Karl Aage Præst, who were decisive for the conquest of two Serie A leagues in 1950 and 1952, the first won by the club in fifteen years.[34][35] Agnelli also had an impact on the transformation at the corporate level during his management from a private club belonging to the rival car manufacturer Cisitalia, chaired by Piero Dusio, to an independent company with private capital with limited liability that achieved further successes.[74]

After his activity as president of the club, Agnelli remained linked to Juventus by carrying out various management activities as honorary president, with which he was able to maintain his influence on the club until 1994, the year in which he handed over these activities to his brother Umberto. Agnelli led Juventus to ten Italian football champion titles, four Italy Cups, one Intercontinental Cup, one European Cup, one Cup Winners' Cup, three UEFA Cups, and one UEFA Super Cup, for a total of 23 official trophies in 48 years, which made him one of the most important personalities in sports history.[34][35] He daily called at 6 am Boniperti, such as when he convinced him to become Juventus chairman in 1971,[75] and Juventus players to see how they were doing.[76]

Agnelli liked footballers like Stanley Matthews and Garrincha, as well as Pelé, Diego Armando Maradona, Johan Cruijff, and Alfredo Di Stéfano, whom his club tried to sign.[75] In 1958, Agnelli sought to purchase Pelé through Fiat's shares.[77] In a dinner in 1962, Santos F.C. was offered one million for Pelé by Umberto.[78] In 1962, he sent Boniperti to Chile to sign Pelé with an offer of one hundred million, which the Brazilian Football Federation did not authorise for the transfer.[75] He was instrumental in signing Michel Platini, of whom he said: "We bought him for a piece of bread and he's put foie gras on top of it."[79] He gave several notable nicknames to footballers, such Zbigniew Boniek (bello di notte, or "Beauty at night", which is a play on the title of Luis Buñuel's movie Belle de Jour), Roberto Baggio (Raffaello, after an Italian Renaissance painter, best known as Raphael), and Alessandro Del Piero (Pinturicchio, after the nickname of another Italian Renaissance painter, Bernardino di Betto), and [80] Ahead of the 1996 UEFA Champions League final won by Juventus against Ajax, he said: "If they are a team of Flemish painters, we will be tough Piedmontese."[81] His grandson, John Elkann, as well as his nephew, Andrea Agnelli, followed his footsteps at Juventus.[82]


In 1999, Juventus improved their own record of having won all five major UEFA competitions by winning the Intertoto Cup, the next year was voted the seventh best of the FIFA Club of the Century, and in 2009 was named the second best club of the 20th century; by the early 2000s, the club had the third best revenue in Europe at over €200 million. This all changed when, three years after his death, Calciopoli controversially hit the club,[83][84][85] which was demoted to Serie B for the first time in its history despite the club being acquitted and the leagues were ruled to be regular;[86][87] it was his nephew, Andrea Agnelli, who built the club back up in the 2010s.[88] When Agnelli died in 2003, Juventus had won the 2001–02 Serie A at the last matchday,[89][90][91] and a few months after his death had reached the 2003 UEFA Champions League final, the club's four UEFA Champions League final in seven years, three of which were achieved consecutively; those in 1997, against Borussia Dortmund,[92][93] and in 1998, against Real Madrid,[94] were lost out controversially.[95] In the words of Fulvio Bianchi, early 2000s Juventus were "stronger than all those that came after, and had €250 million in revenue, being at the top of Europe, and 100 sponsors. It took ten years to recover and return to the top Italians, not yet Europeans: now the club makes over €300 million, but in the meantime Real, Bayern, and the others have taken off."[96]

Some observers allege that Calciopoli and its aftermath were a dispute within Juventus and between the club's owners that came after the deaths of Gianni and Umberto Agnelli,[97] including Franzo Grande Stevens, who was nicknamed by Agnelli "the lawyer's lawyer", and Gianluigi Gabetti who favoured Agnelli's grandson, John Elkann, over his nephew as chairman,[98] and wanted to get rid of Luciano Moggi, Antonio Giraudo,[99][100] and Roberto Bettega, whose shares in the club increased.[101] Whatever their intentions, it is argued they condemned Juventus: first when Carlo Zaccone, the club's lawyer,[102] agreed for relegation to Serie B and point-deduction, when he made that statement because Juventus were the only club risking more than one-division relegation (Serie C), and he meant for Juventus (the sole club to be ultimately demoted) to have equal treatment with the other clubs;[103] and then when Luca Cordero di Montezemolo retired the club's appeal to the Regional Administrative Court of Lazio,[104] which could have cleared the club's name and avoid relegation, after FIFA threatened to suspend the FIGC from international play,[105] a renounce for which then-FIFA president Sepp Blatter was thankful.[106][107]

Several observers, including former FIGC president Franco Carraro, argue that had Agnelli been alive, things would have done different, as the club and its directors would have been defended properly, which could have avoided relegation and cleared the club's name much earlier than the Calciopoli trials of the 2010s. When Tangentopoli hit the country in the 1990s, Agnelli said: "My men must be defended to the last degree of judgement."[88] Moggi, one of the two Juventus directors involved in the scandal, was nicknamed by Agnelli as "the king's groom, who must know all horse thieves".[108] Moggi discussed how "Agnelli said that because during my time it was full of sons of bitches. And he wanted an expert, one who could stand up to these here. For me it's a compliment."[109] He added that Calciopoli only happened because "l'Avvocato Agnelli and il Dottor Umberto died",[110] and had the two Agnellis not died, "nothing [of this farce] would have happened."[111][112] According to observers, Juventus was weak after Agnelli's death, with Moggi saying: "The death of l'Avvocato Agnelli made us orphans and weak, it was easy to attack Juve and destroy them by making things up."[113][114] According to critics, Juventus bothered because they won too much under Agnelli. Then-CONI president Gianni Petrucci said "a team that wins too much is harmful to their sport."[115]


Agnelli takes delivery of his Ferrari 365 P Berlinetta Speciale. It was the second of only two built by Pininfarina and Ferrari.

Upon Fiat's acquisition of Ferrari in 1969, Agnelli became associated with Formula One and Scuderia Ferrari, which achieved successes in the 1970s with Niki Lauda and Jody Scheckter.[116] About his passion for Ferrari, he said: "Not all Italians support the national team, while all Italians and fifty percent of non-Italians support Ferrari."[81] In 1996, upon the signing of Michael Schumacher, he said: "Of course, if now they don't win with Schumacher it's their fault..."[81] In 1998, two years before Ferrari's return to dominance of the early 2000s with Schumacher, he said: "I wouldn't give up a Juve Scudetto for a Ferrari world championship."[79] Upon his death in 2003, asked whether Agnelli loved more Juventus or Ferrari, Boniperti recalled: "I think Juve. And he loved Turin very much, the city that has always been in his heart."[75] About Schumacher, he was quoted as saying that "this German is very dear to me, in the sense that he costs me dearly, but he is worth it."[117]

In an interview to Oggi, Agnelli's grandson Lapo Elkann said: "He saved the Prancing Horse, preventing it from being sold to the Americans. Then he chose the right people: [former Ferrari chairman] Luca di Montezemolo and Jean Todt. He loved Ferrari cars and he loved all the beautiful things in life. It's not enough to be rich to appreciate beauty. Taste cannot be bought."[118] About Agnelli's favoured Formula One drivers, Elkann said: "His favourite driver was the one who won. I think that's why he loved Michael Schumacher. Then he liked Gilles Villeneuve, his way of driving. And Ayrton Senna, who, had he not died so tragically, would have come to Ferrari the following year. He loved talent and courage and also recognised them in his opponents. He was a true sportsman."[118]

Yacht racing[edit]

Among his many passions, he was one of the promoters of Azzurra, an Italian boat entering the America's Cup. When in sea, he often spent his time on the 1967 G-Cinquanta,[119] one of his many boats.[120]


Agnelli's fashion sense and style inspired and influenced menswear throughout the years in Italy and around the world. In his retirement speech, Milanese fashion designer Nino Cerruti named Agnelli as one of his biggest inspirations along with James Bond and John F. Kennedy.[121] Esquire named Agnelli as one of five best dressed men in the history of the world.[2]

Agnelli's dress style featured a foundation of classic suits. He had a large number of bespoke Caraceni suits, which were of high quality and classic design. He was known for wearing his wristwatch over his cuff and was regarded as conveying sprezzatura,[122] the Italian art of making the difficult look easy.[123] Agnelli's nickname "The Rake of the Riviera" inspired the classical menswear magazine The Rake.[124]


Politically, Agnelli did not join any party and remained an independent politician; nonetheless, he was close to the Italian Republican Party (PRI), and was described as the Republican monarch of the 20th century.[125] He had amicable relations with the Italian Democratic Socialist Party (PSDI) and Italian Socialist Party (PSI) leaders Giuseppe Saragat and Sandro Pertini, respectively, as well as with Francesco Cossiga of Christian Democracy (DC) and Carlo Azeglio Ciampi.[126] Despite their political differences and conflicts like the Marcia dei quarantamila [it] in 1980, he also had relatively amicable relations with the Italian Communist Party (PCI),[41] particularly during the leadership of Enrico Berlinguer; in 2013, Giorgio Napolitano, former PCI member and then president of Italy, described it as "sincere cordiality and sympathy".[127] Several notable PCI leaders, such as Palmiro Togliatti,[128] Luciano Lama, and Berlinguer,[129] and allegedly Antonio Gramsci,[130] were supporters of Agnelli's Juventus.[131][132]

Like other family members, such as his grandfather, Agnelli sought to create a non-ideological, centrist political formation of Atlanticist and pro-European persuasion that sought a modernasing, internationalist capitalism in contrast to the left and opposed to the populist, nationalist, or fascist right.[126] He received his first public assignment in 1961 when, on the occasion of the celebrations for the first centenary of the unification of Italy, he was appointed president of the Expo 61.[133] In the 1970s, there were talks of forming a secular bloc between the Italian Liberal Party, PSDI, and PRI, and take over the place of the DC. Ahead of the 1976 Italian general election, then PRI secretary Ugo La Malfa offered Agnelli a candidacy on the party lists;[134] in turn, Agnelli offered his disponibility to be the Ambassador of the Italian Republic to the United States.[127] The DC was ultimately able to not only have Agnelli retire his PRI candidacy, which could have cost them about one million votes, by raising the prospect of economic retailations for Fiat but also convinced Umberto Agnelli, his younger brother, to join the DC.[134] He turned down the invite by then president Oscar Luigi Scalfaro to become Prime Minister of Italy after Ciampi.[126]

In 1991, Agnelli was appointed senator for life by Cossiga, then president of the Italian Republic.[43] He joined the For the Autonomies group and was admitted to the Defense Commission of the Senate. In 1994, he was among the three life senators (together with Giovanni Leone and Cossiga) to vote their confidence in the Berlusconi I Cabinet; it was the first time in the history of Italy that life senators were decisive for the confidence in an executive. When Berlusconi was about to enter politics, he had said: "If he wins, an entrepreneur will have won. If he loses, Berlusconi will have lost."[135] When the Prodi I Cabinet fell in 1998 and Massimo D'Alema was appointed Prime Minister of Italy and became the first post-Communist to hold the office of a NATO country, as well as Italy's only post-Communist prime minister, his vote in favour of confidence caused a sensation. He told the press that "today in Italy a left-wing government is the only one that can make right-wing policies."[136]


Agnelli with his nephew, Andrea Agnelli, ahead of the 1996 UEFA Champions League final won by Juventus

Agnelli is the author of many aphorisms and quotations.[79][137] The most notable of them are related to what he described as "the love of a lifetime", Juventus, about which he said "they are my life's companion, above all an emotion. It happens when I see those shirts enter the field. I even get excited when I read the letter J in some headline in the newspaper. Immediately I think of Juve."[81] He also said: "Juve is for me the love of a lifetime, a source of joy and pride, but also of disappointment and frustration, however strong emotions, as can give a true and infinite love story."[81]

To the shouted cheering, in response to the question "Will Juventus win or the best team win?", Agnelli replied with irony: "I'm lucky, often the two things coincide."[81] He described Juventus thusly: "[Because] Juventus, after a century of history already, has become a legend. A legend that started off in a high school in Turin and finished up by gaining nine or ten million fans in Italy and, of course, the same number abroad with a jersey and colours that are known throughout the world."[81] About Tommaso Buscetta, a member of Cosa Nostra who became a pentito and collaborator of justice, he was quoted as saying: "He said he was obsessively a fan of Juventus? If you meet him, tell him it's the only thing he won't have to regret [a play on the word pentito, which comes from pentire, meaning in English 'to regret']."[81]



  1. ^ a b Seal, Mark (20 October 2009). "The Woman Who Wanted the Secrets". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  2. ^ a b Raab, Scott (20 August 2007). "The Best Dressed Men in the History of the World". Esquire. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  3. ^ "Presidenza della Repubblica Italiana – Le Onorificenze: Giovanni Agnelli" (in Italian). Quirinale. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  4. ^ "La famiglia Agnelli". Villar Perosa. 19 July 2004. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Gianni Agnelli, 20 anni fa moriva l'imprenditore-simbolo dell'Italia nel mondo" (in Italian). Adnkronos. 23 January 2023. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  6. ^ "Henry Kissinger: 'Vi spiego chi era Agnelli in privato". Calcio e Finanza (in Italian). 12 March 2021. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  7. ^ a b Francesconi, Giovanna (28 November 2022). "Virginia Bourbon Del Monte: una Agnelli Dimenticata". Vanilla Magazine. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  8. ^ Castellani, Massimo (23 December 2022). "Calcio. Juventus, 100 anni sotto la real casa Agnelli". Avvenire (in Italian). Retrieved 8 February 2023.
  9. ^ a b Kovick, Margaret (9 March 2021). "The personal history of Giovanni 'Gianni' Agnelli". Wanted in Rome. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  10. ^ Brusa, Francesca (12 March 2021). "Gianni Agnelli: il centenario della nascita". L'Officiel Italia (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i Pirro, Deirdre (3 April 2008). "Gianni Agnelli". The Florentine (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Coletto, Marco (25 April 2013). "Gianni Agnelli e le automobili". Icon Wheels (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  13. ^ a b "'Che tenacia, il tenente Agnelli'". La Repubblica (in Italian). 25 January 2003. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  14. ^ Rizzo, Renato (20 May 2005). "Nizza Cavalleria, suona l'ora dell'ultima carica". La Stampa (in Italian). Archived from the original on 3 May 2010. Retrieved 9 February 2023.
  15. ^ a b c d Riovera, Andrea Elia (1 June 2021). "Gianni Agnelli nel trentennale della nomina a Senatore a vita". Civico20News (in Italian). Retrieved 14 February 2023.
  16. ^ Almanach de Gotha. Gotha: Justus Perthes. 1942. pp. 398–399.
  17. ^ Gurley, George (23 October 2007). "Jackie, Oh!". The New York Observer. p. 1. Archived from the original on 18 November 2007. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  18. ^ Glover, Jon (24 January 2003). "Giovanni Agnelli". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  19. ^ Kurutz, Steven (6 December 2017). "Fabulous Life Lessons From Gianni Agnelli". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  20. ^ "Pinacoteca Giovanni e Marella Agnelli". Piemonte Italia. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  21. ^ "La famiglia Agnelli: una delle più grandi dinastie italiane". Elle. 11 May 2021. Retrieved 8 February 2023.
  22. ^ "Gianni Agnelli e gli eredi: la secondogenita Margherita e suo figlio John Elkann". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). 5 August 2021. Retrieved 8 February 2023.
  23. ^ Aspesi, Natalia (16 November 2000). "Edoardo Agnelli, una vita fragile". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  24. ^ Philip, Willan (15 November 2000). "Suicide suspected after Fiat heir found dead". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  25. ^ "Edoardo Agnelli, la morte misteriosa del figlio dell'avvocato: l'erede mancato". (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  26. ^ Canino, Francesco (22 January 2023). "'Una sola donna ha davvero coinvolto Gianni Agnelli. Quando gli dissero della morte di suo figlio Edoardo non pianse, ma era distrutto': il racconto di Jas Gawronski". Il Fatto Quotidiano (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  27. ^ Merola, Marianna (15 November 2022). "Una data, una storia. Il vuoto di 80 metri lasciato da Edoardo Agnelli". (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  28. ^ Gerevini, Mario; Massaro, Fabrizio (24 October 2021). "Eredità Agnelli: i fratelli de Pahlen contro gli Elkann. Ecco i tre testamenti di Marella Caracciolo". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  29. ^ "Per cosa litigano gli Agnelli". Il Post (in Italian). 8 November 2022. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  30. ^ "Fiat, Lafico (Libia) ha il 2%". La Repubblica (in Italian). 1 March 2002. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  31. ^ "Fiat, Gheddafi rientra con il 2%". Italia Oggi (in Italian). No. 52. 2 March 2002. p. 10. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  32. ^ Giva, Giorgio (1 December 2021). "Accadde oggi – Agnelli apre la Fiat a Gheddafi: è il 1976". FIRSTonline (in Italian). Retrieved 2 February 2023.
  33. ^ Israely, Jeff (25 June 2006). "All in the Family". Time. p. 3. Archived from the original on 2 March 2007. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  34. ^ a b c "Juventus mourn passing of Agnelli". Inside Uefa. UEFA. 24 January 2003. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  35. ^ a b c Beccantini, Roberto (29 May 2004). "Le passioni Nel '55, appena maggiorenne, subentra al fratello e gestisce la rifondazione Nel '94 il ritorno al timone della societa' per un nuovo rilancio ricco di trionfi La sua Juve, vittorie e conti in regola Tessitore sottile della grande svolta manageriale". Corriere della Sera. p. 13. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  36. ^ a b Vaciago, Guido (24 January 2023). "Gianni Agnelli, vent'anni a chiedersi cosa avrebbe detto". Tuttosport (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  37. ^ Bertelè, Umberti (7 April 2014). "Gianni Agnelli è stato un anticipatore di Google?". Digital4 (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  38. ^ Berta, Giuseppe; Craveri, Elisa (2002). "Fiat: An Italian Crisis". Italian Politics. Berghahn Books. 18: 237–249. ISSN 1086-4946. JSTOR 43039756.
  39. ^ "Fiat, esce Cuccia entra Maranghi". La Repubblica (in Italian). 28 June 1996. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  40. ^ Mangano, Marigia (23 January 2023). "Tra scatole (societarie) e traslochi, l'eredità moltiplicata in 20 anni". Il Sole 24 Ore (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  41. ^ a b Stewart, Gaither (14 October 2018). "Gianni Agnelli—The Grand Contradiction". Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  42. ^ Roberto, Luca (6 March 2021). "Gianni Agnelli, un'istituzione capitalistica novecentesca". Il Foglio (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  43. ^ a b Gentile, Serena (6 March 2021). "Gianni Agnelli, i 100 anni dell'Avvocato king of Italy". La Gazzetta dello Sport (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  44. ^ Platero, Mario (19 March 2021). "Gianni Agnelli e quella irresistibile storia d'arte e d'amore con New York". La Voce di New York (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  45. ^ Platero, Mario (24 January 2023). "L'avvocato Agnelli a New York. Tra arte, moto e feste con gli amici". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  46. ^ Balestreri, Giuliano (28 May 2014). "Gli italiani al vertice del Bilderberg: dalla galassia Fiat a Letta e Tremonti". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  47. ^ "Bilderberg and the Agnellis". Bilderberg Meetings. 29 May 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  48. ^ Molinari, Maurizio (11 March 2021). "Henry Kissinger: 'Gianni Agnelli era un uomo del Rinascimento'". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  49. ^ Toninelli, Giulia (12 March 2021). "Henry Kissinger racconta Gianni Agnelli: i 100 anni dell'uomo 'del Rinascimento'". MOW (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  50. ^ Caracciolo, Luca (25 January 2023). "'L'Italia della guerra fredda e la mia amicizia con l'Avvocato Agnelli'". Limes (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  51. ^ Amato, Elisabetta (13 March 2021). "Torinese, italiano, cosmopolita: Gianni Agnelli cent'anni dopo". Zeta Luiss (in Italian). Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  52. ^ "Gianni Agnelli in bianco e nero, il ritratto dell'Avvocato". Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 10 March 2021. Retrieved 11 February 2023.
  53. ^ Zucconi, Vittorio (25 January 2003). "'Era un leader, in America lo stavamo ad ascoltare'". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  54. ^ "Agnelli e Rockefeller: restammo senza parole". La Stampa (in Italian). 11 October 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  55. ^ Rockefeller, David (2002). Memoirs. New York: Random House. pp. 208, 479, 481. ISBN 978-0-6794-0588-7.
  56. ^ "Cento anni fa nasceva Gianni Agnelli: un francobollo ricorda l'Avvocato". TG Poste (in Italian). 12 March 2021. Retrieved 14 February 2023.
  57. ^ Friedman, Alan (15 December 1997). "Obituary: Giovanni Agnelli, Fiat Heir, 33, Dies". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  58. ^ Kline, Maureen (15 December 1997). "Agnelli Heir Dies, Leaving Issue Of Choosing a Successor at Fiat". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  59. ^ "Giovanni Agnelli, Heir Apparent To Fiat Empire, Dies". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  60. ^ Vercesi, Pier Luigi (18 January 2018). "Paolo Fresco: Agnelli mi disse 'Quando sarò morto venda la Fiat'". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  61. ^ Rinaldi, Andrea (15 September 2020). "Fresco racconta la sua Fiat. 'Quando Agnelli mi disse: cerchi di farla funzionare'". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  62. ^ "Fiat, l'addio inatteso dell'uomo-rilancio". La Repubblica (in Italian). 30 May 2004. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  63. ^ "Montezemolo: 'Continuerò l'opera di Umberto Agnelli'". La Repubblica (in Italian). 31 May 2004. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  64. ^ "Montezemolo, una vita da presidente all'ombra degli Agnelli". La Repubblica (in Italian). 9 September 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  65. ^ Sanderson, Rachel (9 September 2014). "Unlikely heir who saved the family jewels". Financial Times. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  66. ^ Nevola, Gaspare (1 September 2004). "The Gianni Agnelli Funeral: A National Identification Rite". Italian Politics. Berghahn Books. 19 (1): 184–199. doi:10.3167/ip.2003.190112.
  67. ^ "Ferrari F2003-GA: una F1 per Gianni Agnelli". Icon Wheels (in Italian). 17 March 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  68. ^ "Ferrari F2003-GA, la dedica vincente a Gianni Agnelli". Autosprint (in Italian). 24 January 2023. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  69. ^ "Ferrari F2003-GA, regina nel segno di Gianni Agnelli". Autosprint (in Italian). 24 January 2023. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  70. ^ "Juventus e Ferrari in lutto i grandi amori restano orfani". La Repubblica (in Italian). 24 January 2023. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  71. ^ Gadeschi, Elena Fausta (11 March 2021). "Arriva il francobollo di Giovanni Agnelli, il modo più chic per celebrare il suo centenario". Elle Italia (in Italian). Retrieved 14 February 2023.
  72. ^ "Cento anni dalla nascita di Gianni Agnelli, un francobollo ricorda l'avvocato". La Repubblica (in Italian). 12 March 2021. Retrieved 14 February 2023.
  73. ^ "Centenario della nascita di Gianni Agnelli: arriva il francobollo" (in Italian). ANSA. 12 March 2021. Retrieved 14 February 2023.
  74. ^ Borioni, Luca (26 April 2016). "Juve campione: la dinastia Agnelli". (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  75. ^ a b c d Monti, Fabio (25 January 2003). "Boniperti: 'Avrebbe voluto anche Pelé e Maradona'". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). p. 21. Archived from the original on 4 June 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  76. ^ Dampf, Andrew (19 April 2021). "'A snake': Agnelli's cut-throat soccer politics cause uproar". AP News. Retrieved 23 May 2022.
  77. ^ "Calcio, Pelé: Agnelli mi voleva alla Juventus". La Repubblica (in Italian). 18 May 2004. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  78. ^ "Pelè e la Juventus, il retroscena di O Rei: 'Umberto Agnelli e l'offerta al Santos'". Tuttosport (in Italian). 29 December 2022. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  79. ^ a b c Bocconi, Sergio (11 March 2021). "Gianni Agnelli, le 20 frasi celebri dell'Avvocato (su Fiat, Juventus, Ferrari ed Europa...)". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  80. ^ Lanari, Massimo (24 January 2023). "Gianni Agnelli, le frasi celebri e quell'amore per la Juve" (in Italian). RAI. Retrieved 11 February 2023.
  81. ^ a b c d e f g h Sereni, Andrea (12 March 2021). "Gianni Agnelli, 100 anni fa nasceva l'Avvocato: la Juve, la Ferrari e lo sport nelle frasi (e nei soprannomi) più belli". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 11 February 2023.
  82. ^ "Juventus, Elkann: 'Non voglio cedere la società, era la passione di mio nonno Gianni'". Sky Sport Italia (in Italian). 27 January 2023. Retrieved 11 February 2023.
  83. ^ Cambiaghi, Emilio; Dent, Arthur (15 April 2010). Il processo illecito (PDF) (1st ed.). Stampa Indipendente. pp. 9–10. Retrieved 24 January 2023 – via Ju29ro. The Juventus defence, among other things, objects that a sum of several Articles 1 (unfair and dishonest sporting conduct) cannot lead to an indictment for Article 6 (sporting offence), using for example the metaphor that so many defamations do not carry a murder conviction: an unimpeachable objection. ... Hence the grotesque concept of 'standings altered without any match-fixing'. The 'Calciopoli' rulings state that there is no match-fixing. That the league under investigation, 2004–2005, is to be considered regular. But that the Juventus management has achieved effective standings advantages for Juventus FC even without altering the individual matches. In practice, Juventus was convicted of murder, with no one dead, no evidence, no accomplices, no murder weapon. Only for the presence of a hypothetical motive.
  84. ^ Garganese, Carlo (17 June 2011). "Revealed: The Calciopoli evidence that shows Luciano Moggi is the victim of a witch-hunt". Retrieved 23 May 2022.
  85. ^ Ingram, Sam (20 December 2021). "Calciopoli Scandal: Referee Designators As Desired Pawns". ZicoBall. Retrieved 24 January 2023. FIGC's actions in relegating Juventus and handing the title to Inter Milan were somewhat peculiar. Of course, Moggi and Juventus deserved punishment; that is not up for dispute. However, the severity of the ruling and the new location for the Scudetto was unprecedented and arguably should never have happened. The final ruling in the Calciopoli years later judged that Juventus had never breached article 6. As a result, the Serie A champions should never have encountered a shock 1–1 draw away to Rimini in the season's curtain-raiser. Nor should they have trounced Piacenza 4–0 in Turin or handed a 5–1 thrashing away to Arezzo in Tuscany. The findings stated that some club officials had violated article 6, but none had originated from Juventus. FIGC created a structured article violation with their decision-making. This means that instead of finding an article 6 breach, several article 1 violations were pieced together to create evidence damning to warrant relegation from Italy's top flight. Article 1 violations in Italian football usually command fines, bans, or points deductions, but certainly not relegation.
  86. ^ Beha, Oliviero (7 February 2012). "Il 'caso Moggi' e le colpe della stampa: non fa inchieste, (di)pende dai verbali, non sa leggere le sentenze". Tiscali (in Italian). Archived from the original on 12 February 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2023. ... the motivations in 558 pages are summarized as follows. 1) Leagues not altered (therefore leagues unjustly taken away from Juve...), matches not fixed, referees not corrupted, investigations conducted incorrectly by the investigators of the Public Prosecutor's Office (interceptions of the Carabinieri which were even manipulated in the confrontation in the Chamber). 2) The SIM cards, the foreign telephone cards that Moggi has distributed to some referees and designators, would be proof of the attempt to alter and condition the system, even without the effective demonstration of the rigged result. 3) Moggi's attitude, like a real 'telephone' boss, is invasive even when he tries to influence the [Italian Football Federation] and the national team, see the phone calls with Carraro and Lippi. 4) That these phone calls and this 'mafia' or 'sub-mafia' promiscuity aimed at 'creating criminal associations' turned out to be common practice in the environment as is evident, does not acquit Moggi and C.: and therefore here is the sentence. ... Finally point 1), the so-called positive part of the motivations, that is, in fact everything is regular. And then the scandal of 'Scommettopoli' [the Italian football scandal of 2011] in which it's coming out that the 2010–2011 league [won by Milan] as a whole with tricks is to be considered really and decidedly irregular? The Chief Prosecutor of Cremona, Di Martino, says so for now, while sports justice takes its time as always, but I fear that many will soon repeat it, unless everything is silenced. With all due respect to those who want the truth and think that Moggi has objectively become the 'scapegoat'. Does the framework of information that does not investigate, analyse, compare, and take sides out of ignorance or bias seem slightly clearer to you?
  87. ^ Rossini, Claudio (5 March 2014). "Calciopoli e la verità di comodo". Blasting News (in Italian). Retrieved 24 January 2023. Juventus have been acquitted, the offending leagues (2004/2005 and 2005/2006) have been declared regular, and the reasons for the conviction of Luciano Moggi are vague; mostly, they condemn his position, that he was in a position to commit a crime. In short, be careful to enter a shop without surveillance because even if you don't steal, you would have had the opportunity. And go on to explain to your friends that you're honest people after the morbid and pro-sales campaign of the newspapers. ... a club has been acquitted, and no one has heard of it, and whoever has heard of it, they don't accept it. The verdict of 2006, made in a hurry, was acceptable, that of Naples was not. The problem then lies not so much in vulgar journalism as in readers who accept the truths that are convenient. Juventus was, rightly or wrongly, the best justification for the failures of others, and it was in popular sentiment, as evidenced by the new controversies concerning 'The System.' But how? Wasn't the rotten erased? The referees since 2006 make mistakes in good faith, the word of Massimo Moratti (the only 'honest'). ... it isn't a question of tifo, but of a critical spirit, of the desire to deepen and not be satisfied with the headlines (as did Oliviero Beha, a well-known Viola [Fiorentina] fan, who, however, drew conclusions outside the chorus because, despite enjoying it as a tifoso, he suffered as a journalist. He wasn't satisfied and went into depth. He was one of the few).
  88. ^ a b "Juventus: Fiat, Calciopoli e CR7, che guerra tra Andrea Agnelli e John Ellkann". (in Italian). 12 November 2022. Retrieved 13 February 2023.
  89. ^ Quadarella, Francesco (28 December 2018). "Ei fu, siccome immobile, dato il gol della Lazio". Catenaccio e Contropiede (in Italian). Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  90. ^ Mocciaro, Gaetano (5 May 2019). "5 maggio 2002, l'Inter perde lo scudetto all'ultima curva. Juve campione". TuttoMercatoWeb (in Italian). Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  91. ^ Morrone, Daniel V. (5 May 2020). "Il cinque maggio". L'Ultimo Uomo (in Italian). Sky Sport Italia. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  92. ^ Censoni, Mattia (27 May 2020). "Uno schiaffo in faccia a tutti gli antijuventini! Altro che favoriti: l'elenco dei 10 'furti' storici subiti dai bianconeri". Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  93. ^ Barillà, Carmelo (27 May 2020). "Borussia Dortmund-Juventus, finale maledetta: i bianconeri soccombono tra legni, gol annullati e rigori negati". CalcioWeb. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  94. ^ "Lippi: Mijatovic's goal in 1998 Champions League final was definitely offside". Marca. 20 May 2020. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  95. ^ "Gli arbitri buttano fuori la Juventus: moviola in campo subito!". Tuttosport (in Italian). Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  96. ^ Vignati, Alessandro (17 July 2016). "Fulvio Bianchi: 'La Juve e la Figc e quello Scudetto del 2006...'". TuttoMercatoWeb (in Italian). Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  97. ^ Cambiaghi, Emilio; Dent, Arthur (15 April 2010). Il processo illecito (PDF) (1st ed.). Stampa Indipendente. pp. 48–49. Retrieved 26 February 2023 – via Ju29ro. [p. 48] Corrado De Biase, the head of the investigations office at the time of the [1980s] betting scandal from 1980, ... about Juventus and the work of Zaccone, its lawyer: 'I can't know why the Juventus owners has moved in a certain way, but I would say, 99%, that the affair was skilfully managed by the leaders of the Turin club, starting with the request from Zaccone, who left everyone stunned. Zaccone isn't incompetent, as many believe, but he was only an actor in this story.' ... The point that makes me think that Zaccone acted on input from the owners is another, namely the way in which the top management of Juventus moved, with that fake appeal to the TAR. How, I wonder, you dismiss the directors, practically pleading guilty, then you watch inert and impassive a media and judicial destruction against your club and then you're threatening to resort to the TAR? It's the concept of closing the barn when the oxen have fled, if you think about it. ... [p. 50] I, on my own, can only reiterate the concept already expressed: a penalty of 8/10 points, a fine, and a ban of Moggi and Giraudo for 10/12 months, this was the appropriate penalty in my opinion. Any parallel with the story of 1980 is unthinkable: here there're no traces of offence, nor of money or checks. The environmental offence isn't a crime covered by any code, unless we're talking about air pollution.'
  98. ^ "Gianluigi Gabetti, financial advisor to the Agnelli family, dies at 94". La Stampa. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  99. ^ "Processo a Calciopoli, il verdetto non assolve". La Repubblica (in Italian). 31 October 2008. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  100. ^ "Elkann, Zaccone, Montezemolo: spiegate". Ju29ro (in Italian). 7 April 2010. Retrieved 21 February 2023.
  101. ^ Coccia, Pasquale (18 January 2020). "Il contado tifa per la zebra". Il manifesto (in Italian). Retrieved 26 February 2023. De Luna: We consulted the company financial statements, and noted the escalation of the emoluments that Moggi, Giraudo, and Bettega received. We don't have certain elements to be able to say that at that moment there was an attempt to take over Juventus, but those figures are impressive. Furthermore, there are some anomalies of the Agnellis which leave the door open to this type of hypothesis. The Calciopoli investigation was born out of a Turin investigation by the prosecutor Guariniello on the Juventus doping case, [in which] the interceptions of Moggi's conversations with the referees emerge. Guariniello sends the files to the boss Maddalena, notes that there are no crimes from a criminal point of view, but perhaps from a sporting point of view. Maddalena keeps the files for three months, then sends them to the [Italian] Football Federation. This period lasts a little over a year. Do you really [want to believe] that Juve didn't know what was going on? I have the impression that the Agnelli family took advantage of this opportunity to stop an attempt to take over the Moggi-Giraudo-Bettega company.
  102. ^ "L'avvocato Zaccone: 'Tifo Toro, ma ho difeso la Juve in Calciopoli. Mi hanno pagato bene...'". La Repubblica (in Italian). 19 September 2020. Retrieved 26 February 2023 – via
  103. ^ "Calciopoli, anche il legale bianconero è possibilista: 'Se ci sono novità e la Juve me lo chiede, riapriamo il processo'". 6 April 2010. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  104. ^ Cambiaghi, Emilio; Dent, Arthur (15 April 2010). Il processo illecito (PDF) (1st ed.). Stampa Indipendente. pp. 48–49. Retrieved 26 February 2023 – via Ju29ro. '... [p. 48] First you let yourself be massacred without lifting a finger, you have the title disassigned, you have the calendars drawn up for the European championships and cups, and then you threaten to go to the TAR, trumpeting everything in the newspapers? It looks much like a political move to appease the wrath of the fans, I think. If Zaccone, who is a man of value and experience, would have had the mandate to avoid the disaster he would have moved in a different way, in the sense that he would have pointed out these 'anomalies' in the time between the trial and the announcement of the verdicts. That, in fact, was the right moment to threaten to appeal to the TAR, when the sentences had not yet been written, but had to be done in camera caritatis, asking for a meeting with [p. 49] Ruperto, Sandulli, and Palazzi, and not in front of the journalists of La Gazzetta dello Sport. ... Please note that I'm not discussing the high strategy of the forensic art, but the basic principles, the ABC of the profession, the things that are taught to the boys who come to the studio to do a traineeship: if you, the defence attorney, think you have weapons to play, you ask for a meeting with the judge and the public prosecution, in the period between the trial and the verdict, and point out that, if the response is judged too severe, you will use them. And here there were weapons in industrial quantities. Then, in the face of a fait accompli, who takes the responsibility of stopping a machine that grinds billions of euros, so as to be the sixth industry in the country?'
  105. ^ "Juventus to appeal sentence despite FIFA threats". ESPN FC. 24 August 2006. Retrieved 25 August 2006.
  106. ^ Casula, Andrea (9 May 2007). "Looking 'Inter' Calciopoli – A Juve Fan Wants Justice". Archived from the original on 12 May 2007. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  107. ^ Gregorace, Francesco (2 April 2014). "Calciopoli – Tifosi juventini contro Cobolli Gigli: se solo non avesse ritirato il ricorso..." CalcioWeb (in Italian). Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  108. ^ "Ora scopriremo i conti all'estero". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). 18 May 2006. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  109. ^ "Moggi rivela: 'Galliani fece scoppiare Calciopoli perché Berlusconi mi voleva al Milan'". Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 28 April 2016. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  110. ^ Mensurati, Marco (27 March 2015). "La Cupola del calcio secondo Carraro: 'Lo scudetto del '98 falsato per la Juve'". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  111. ^ "Moggi: Gianni e Umberto Agnelli non avrebbero permesso la farsa di Calciopoli". (in Italian). 6 July 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  112. ^ Biscotti, Giuseppe (9 March 2020). "Moggi: 'Calciopoli? Una farsa. La Juventus dava fastidio perché vinceva troppo'". SuperNews (in Italian). Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  113. ^ Cardinali, Thomas (7 March 2020). "Luciano Moggi a Snaps: 'Calciopoli? No, Farsopoli'". Giornalettismo (in Italian). Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  114. ^ "Moggi su Calciopoli: 'La morte dell'avv. Agnelli ci aveva resi orfani e deboli, facile attaccare la Juve e distruggerla inventando le cose'". Arena Calcio (in Italian). 11 March 2020. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  115. ^ Ciccù, Consolato (7 March 2020). "Moggi: 'Facile attaccare la Juve dopo la morte di Agnelli. Ce l'avevano con noi perché vincevamo troppo'". CalcioWeb. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  116. ^ Privitera, Marco (24 January 2023). "Vent'anni senza Gianni Agnelli, cuore da corsa innamorato della Ferrari". (in Italian). Retrieved 9 February 2023.
  117. ^ Legnani, Matteo (30 December 2018). "Michael Schumacher, cosa diceva di lui Gianni Agnelli a Montezemolo: clamorosa confessione". Libero (in Italian). Retrieved 9 February 2023.
  118. ^ a b Cooper, Sam (22 January 2023). "Lapo Elkann reveals legendary Ferrari figurehead's favourite ever F1 drivers". PlanetF1. Retrieved 23 February 2023.
  119. ^ Pozzo, Fabio (5 September 2021). "Rinasce il G-Cinquanta, il bolide da 50 nodi di Agnelli". La Stampa (in Italian). Retrieved 14 February 2023.
  120. ^ "Le barche e l'America's Cup: 100 anni fa nasceva Gianni Agnelli". Non solo Nautica (in Italian). 13 March 2021. Retrieved 14 February 2023.
  121. ^ Tagliabue, John (25 January 2003). "Giovanni Agnelli, Fiat Patriarch and a Force in Italy, Dies at 81". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  122. ^ Cohen, Rich (12 September 2013). "Gianni Agnelli, the Godfather of Style". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  123. ^ Solomon, Michael (16 June 2015). "How to Dress with Sprezzatura". Forbes. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  124. ^ Williams, Michael (11 May 2009). "The Interview | The Rake". A Continuous Lean. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  125. ^ De Bortoli, Ferruccio (24 January 2023). "Agnelli, il monarca repubblicano. La Fiat, il parallelo con Cuccia e quella battuta sul vento". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  126. ^ a b c Cingolani, Stefano (24 January 2013). "Quando Agnelli disse: 'Berlusconi in politica? Prende il 3%'". Linkiesta (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  127. ^ a b Mauro, Ezio (13 January 2013). "Napolitano: 'Il mio ricordo di Agnelli. Quelle cene a New York parlando del Pci'". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  128. ^ Magno, Michele (25 September 2021). "Gramsci e Togliatti, la rivoluzione e la Juventus". Start Magazine (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  129. ^ Gagliani, Annibale (25 May 2022). "Enrico Berlinguer, il calciatore". Rivista Contrasti (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  130. ^ Eomeo, Ilaria (1 November 2020). "La squadra del padrone". Collettiva (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  131. ^ Coccia, Pasquale (25 September 2021). "I comunisti scendono in campo". Il manifesto (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  132. ^ Mainente, Andrea (3 August 2022). "La Juventus comunista". Rivista Contrasti (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  133. ^ Adamson, Natalie; Harris, Steven, eds. (24 July 2017). Material Imagination: Art in Europe, 1946–72 (paperback ed.). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 101–102. ISBN 978-1-119-32857-5. Retrieved 13 February 2023.
  134. ^ a b Buttington, Ivan (2020). "Quando Gianni Agnelli fu costretto a rinunciare al partito Repubblicano". Totalità.it (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  135. ^ Galli, Giancarlo (2003). Gli Agnelli: il tramonto di una dinastia (in Italian) (paperback ed.). Milan: Mondadori. p. 278. ISBN 978-88-04-51768-9. Retrieved 9 February 2023 – via Google Books.
  136. ^ Lottieri, Carlo (25 August 2015). "Se la sinistra è costretta a copiare ricette di destra". Il Giornale (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  137. ^ Perlsse, Marco (12 March 2021). "Gianni Agnelli, le 15 frasi più celebri dell'Avvocato a 100 anni dalla sua nascita". QG Italia (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  138. ^ a b c "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana – Agnelli Dott. Giovanni" (in Italian). Quirinale. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  139. ^ Laurenzi, Laura (3 February 1988). "Guerra di successione nel mondo pio e potente dei Cavalieri di Malta". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 7 February 2023.

Further reading[edit]

  • Ferrante, Marco (2007). Casa Agnelli. Storie e personaggi dell'ultima dinastia italiana (in Italian). Milan: Mondadori. ISBN 978-88-04-56673-1.
  • Friedman, Alan (1988). Agnelli and the Network of Italian Power. London: Mandarin Paperback (Octopus Publishing Group). ISBN 0-7493-0093-0.
  • Galli, Giancarlo (2003). Gli Agnelli. Il tramonto di una dinastia (in Italian). Milan: Mondadori. ISBN 88-04-51768-9.
  • Mazzuca, Alberto (2021). Gianni Agnelli in bianco e nero. Milan: Baldini+Castoldi. ISBN 978-88-9388-836-3.
  • Mola di Nomaglio, Gustavo (1998). Gli Agnelli. Storia e genealogia di una grande famiglia piemontese dal XVI secolo al 1866 (in Italian). Turin: Centro Studi Piemontesi. ISBN 88-8262-099-9.
  • Ori, Angiolo Silvio (1996). Storia di una dinastia. Gli Agnelli e la Fiat. Rome: Editori Riuniti. ISBN 88-359-4059-1.

External links[edit]

Business positions
Preceded by President of Confindustria
Succeeded by