Gianni Alemanno

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Gianni Alemanno
Gianni Alemanno crop.jpg
Mayor of Rome
In office
28 April 2008 – 11 June 2013
Preceded byWalter Veltroni
Succeeded byIgnazio Marino
Minister of Agricultural and Forestry Policies
In office
11 June 2001 – 17 May 2006
Prime MinisterSilvio Berlusconi
Preceded byAlfonso Pecoraro Scanio
Succeeded byPaolo De Castro
Member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
for Lazio
In office
15 April 1994 – 28 April 2008
ConstituencyRome
Personal details
Born
Giovanni Alemanno

(1958-03-03) 3 March 1958 (age 61)
Bari, Italy
Political partyItalian Social Movement
(ca. 1980–1995)
National Alliance
(1995–2009)
The People of Freedom
(2009–2013)
Italy First
(2013–2014)
Brothers of Italy
(2014–2015)
National Action
(2015–2017)
National Movement for Sovereignty
(2017–present)
Spouse(s)
Isabella Rauti
(m. 1992; div. 2018)
ChildrenManfredi (b. 1995)
Alma materUniversity of Perugia
ProfessionJournalist, engineer, freelancer

Giovanni "Gianni" Alemanno (born 3 March 1958) is an Italian politician who from April 2008 until June 2013 was Mayor of Rome for the centre-right People of Freedom.

He has been the Secretary of the National Movement for Sovereignty from 2017 to 2019.

Career[edit]

At an early age Alemanno joined the neo-fascist/post-fascist Italian Social Movement, and he was arrested three times but never convicted: the first in Rome on 20 November 1981, accused of participating along with four others at the aggression of 23-year-old student, Dario D'Andrea, during which he was hit in his head by Sergio Mariani, then secretary of the Fronte della Gioventù (the youth organization of the Italian Social Movement) who was sentenced; Alemanno was instead acquitted. The second time in 1982, accused of launching a molotov cocktail against the Soviet Union embassy. According to other sources, the arrest was due to a brawl during a protest against USSR; this led him to eight months in Rebibbia Prison, but he was then acquitted. He became national secretary of the youth organization of the party in 1988. After being elected regional deputy of Lazio in 1990, he was elected for the first time to the Chamber of Deputies in the 1994 general election.

In 1995 he joined the newly formed National Alliance party, which succeeded the Italian Social Movement following its repudiation of extremism at the Congress of Fiuggi in the 1994. Together with Francesco Storace, he founded Social Right, a national- and social-conservative faction within National Alliance.

Between 2001 and 2006, Alemanno was Minister of Agriculture under Silvio Berlusconi (in Berlusconi's 2nd and 3rd cabinets).

Mayor of Rome[edit]

After having been heavily defeated by Walter Veltroni in the 2006 mayoral election of Rome, in April 2008 he defeated Francesco Rutelli and became Mayor of the city. Alemanno rejected a formal alliance with the far-right party, but his critics emphasized that his victory was greeted by crowds of supporters, among them far right skinheads, who chanted "Duce! Duce!" and raised their arms in a fascist salute;[1] then Alemanno said: «People calling me Duce make me laugh. I’m not at all fascist and I think that today the word belongs to the history books. I’ve grown to hate all forms of totalitarianism, whether of the left or of the right».[2]

Alemanno as Mayor of Rome

In August 2008, Alemanno ignited controversy over immigration and the status of Romani people in Italy, when a group of Romani men attacked a Dutch couple that had been camping outside Rome. The couple were beaten and robbed and the woman was raped. Alemanno stated that the couple had been "very careless" by camping in an area "forgotten by God and man" where camping was illegal.[3] Alemanno said that the attack was an isolated case, and repeated that he wanted to crack down on crime, regaining total control of the territory.

In November 2008, Alemanno decided to build a museum dedicated to the memory of the Holocaust in a Roman park. The leader of Rome's Jewish community, Riccardo Pacifici, praised the mayor for this project.[4]

Alemanno is the son-in-law of Pino Rauti, a former leader of the Italian Social Movement. He always wears a necklace with a Celtic cross.[5] He stated he wears it only as a religious symbol and because of a personal meaning for him, being a jewel worn by his friend Paolo di Nella, a far-right militant who had been killed during the 1970s Anni di Piombo.[6]

The approval of the Romans to the mayor Alemanno rose to 60% in January 2009.[7]

In February 2009 Alemanno conferred honorary citizenship to Dalai Lama, leader of the Tibetan government-in-exile.[8] In July 2009, Alemanno conferred honorary citizenship to captive Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit.[9]

Other important measures of the Alemanno Administration were: an ordinance against prostitution in the streets,[10] an attempt to recapitalize the municipal company AMA redefining its role,[11] the census and the dismantling of six camps for nomads [12] (including the Casilino 900) setting up garrisons, thus ensuring immunizations and education for Gypsy children, and to expel illegal immigrants.[13] In August 2012 was approved the "family quotient", introduced by Alemanno to balance the waste charge according to economic situation, number of components, and any health burdens, of Roman families.[14][15]

Among the projects of Alemanno as a mayor was the construction of a tourist amusement park dedicated to ancient Rome.[16][17]

In 2004 to encourage and patronage the Italian Mountaineering Expedition and Delegates bound for K2 he arrived Pakistan for participation in celebration of Mount K2 Golden Jubilee ceremony at Concordia base camp.

Group of Chiltan Adventurers Association Balochistan with Lino Lacedelli and Gianni Alemanno at Concordia base camp 2004

Judicial proceedings[edit]

In late 2014, Alemanno was investigated in the 2014 Rome corruption scandal, involving an external cooperation in a mafia association. On 23 March 2015 he was indicted along with seven other people due to an alleged illicit funding received for the Lazio regional elections of the 2010 that would have been masked by a false poll in favor of Renata Polverini's list. Alemanno says: "I have never called for or received unlawful financing, this is a marginal event I could not verify the legal requirements because it was not about my election campaign." On 18 December 2015, he was indicted for corruption and illicit financing. According to the accusation, Alemanno received €125,000 from the cooperatives' boss Salvatore Buzzi.[18] On 7 February 2017, the allegation of an external cooperation in a mafia association was filed, including the allegations of corruption and illicit funding.[19]

In February 2019 Alemanno was sentenced to six years in prison for corruption and illicit financing in the Mafia Capitale trial.[20][21] After the sentence, Alemanno resigned as secretary of the National Movement for Sovereignty.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Squires, Nick (2008-09-08). "Italian politicians 'praise' fascist era of Benito Mussolini". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
  2. ^ "The Right Takes Rome". Archived from the original on 2008-07-06.
  3. ^ Owen, Richard (2008-08-25). "Attack on pilgrim tourists reignites Italy's row over immigrants". The Times. London. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
  4. ^ Il Messaggero. "Alemanno: il museo della Shoah sarà completato entro il 2011" (in Italian). Archived from the original on 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2008-11-18.
  5. ^ "Alemanno mostra la croce celtica scontro in tv con Daria Bignardi" (in Italian).
  6. ^ "Alemanno: la mia croce celtica è solo un simbolo religioso" (in Italian).[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "Roma promuove Alemanno: gradimento al 60%" (in Italian). Il Tempo. Archived from the original on 2013-11-01. Retrieved 2013-10-30.
  8. ^ "Dalai Lama made honorary citizen of Rome". Archived from the original on February 12, 2009.
  9. ^ AFP: Rome makes captured Israeli soldier honorary citizen. Google.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
  10. ^ Prostitute, Alemanno: a Roma c'è un'aria nuova Archived 2013-12-13 at the Wayback Machine, La Voce, articolo del 25/09/2008 ‹See Tfd›(in Italian)
  11. ^ La Repubblica, Ama senza fondi, arrivano i 250 milioni, 7/01/2009 ‹See Tfd›(in Italian)
  12. ^ Articolo da Lungotevere[permanent dead link] del 23/12/2008 ‹See Tfd›(in Italian)
  13. ^ RomaNotizie: Parte dal Casilino 900 il progetto di vaccinazione per i nomadi (28/02/2009) ‹See Tfd›(in Italian)
  14. ^ Roma approva il quoziente familiare. ‹See Tfd›(in Italian)
  15. ^ Quoziente familiare, Alemanno: “Da Roma primo aiuto concreto alle famiglie”[permanent dead link]. ‹See Tfd›(in Italian)
  16. ^ Il parco dell'antica Roma coi soldi del Qatar, "Corriere della Sera". ‹See Tfd›(in Italian)
  17. ^ Parco a tema su Roma Antica? I fondi dall'emiro del Qatar, "La Repubblica". ‹See Tfd›(in Italian)
  18. ^ "Alemanno indicted in Rome Mafia case". ansa.it. 18 December 2015.
  19. ^ "Mafia Capitale, 113 archiviazioni. Alemanno: "Ora voglio le scuse"" (in Italian). adnkronos.com. 7 February 2017.
  20. ^ Mondo di mezzo, Gianni Alemanno condannato a sei anni di carcere per corruzione e finanziamento illecito
  21. ^ Mafia Capitale, Alemanno condannato a 6 anni
  22. ^ Gianni Alemanno lascia la politica: “Mi dimetto dal Movimento Sovranista”

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Alfonso Pecoraro Scanio
Italian Minister of Agriculture
2001–2006
Succeeded by
Paolo De Castro
Preceded by
Walter Veltroni
Mayor of Rome
2008–2013
Succeeded by
Ignazio Marino