Gianni Rufini

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Gianni (Giovanni) Rufini was born in Rome, Italy in 1954. He is an expert of international humanitarian aid and the Director General of Amnesty International in Italy.

Former Director of VOICE (1997-2001), Subject Matter Expert for NATO (2007-13); senior trainer for the European Union Civil Protection Mechanism (2005-present). He is also a researcher, a lecturer for several universities worldwide, and a columnist on humanitarian and human rights issues.

Since 1996 he is Associate Fellow of the Post-war Reconstruction and Development Unit, at the University of York (UK). He is Course Coordinator at the Institute for International Politics Studies in Milan. He lectures on humanitarian aid in several universities, including Sapienza University in Rome, Bocconi and Bicocca in Milan, Scuola Superiore S.Anna in Pisa, IUAV in Venice, American University (Washington and Rome), ULB (Brussels), Paris Sorbonne, Legon (Ghana), Bethlehem (OPT). He has been a faculty of the Pearson Peacekeeping Centre from 1995 to 1998.

A former media-man, with a background in anthropology, since 1985, he has worked in development and humanitarian aid for several International NGOs (Relief International, Movimondo, Handicap International, ActionAid, Intersos, NCCI, ReC) and UN agencies (FAO and UNDP-UNOPS). From 1985 to 1994, he has carried out field work in India, Ghana, Palestine and Argentina as Programme Director, in activities ranging from rural development to health aid and assistance to street children. He has been engaged in over 60 missions in Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Middle East and the Balkans.



  • Ozerdem A, Rufini G. L'Aquila's reconstruction challenges: has Italy learned from its previous earthquake disasters?. In Disasters n. 37 – Overseas Development Institute. January 2013
  • Dizionario della Cooperazione Internazionale (a cura di Vanna Ianni). Carocci, Roma 2011
  • Various Authors - Nuove Povertà ed emergenze umanitarie complesse. In: AAVV - Nell’occhio del ciclone – Il Mulino 2009
  • Gli ultimi cavalieri. In Un mestiere difficile: Cooperazione Internazionale. Lavorare con le ONG. Link 2007. October 2008
  • Goma 2008 - La Responsabilità di proteggere. AGI Mondo - Novembre 2008
  • Bangladesh: lezioni dal disastro. Lettera22 - Novembre 2007
  • Various Authors - The conditions in centres for third country national (detention camps, open centres as well as transit centres and transit zones) with a particular focus on provisions and facilities for persons with special needs in the 25 EU member states - STEPS Consulting Social for the European Parliament -Directorate-General Internal Policies. Brussels. December 2007
  • A Road Map for Afghanistan – CeSPI – Rome, 2007
  • Various Authors - From the Ashes. Lessons learned and good practices after ten years of post-war reconstruction processes. UNSSC, CeSPI and CeMiSS – Turin 2007
  • P. Calvi Parisetti e G. Rufini - Nell'emergenza. Teoria e pratica dell'aiuto umanitario. Gignos Institute - Ginevra 2006
  • with Alpaslan Ozerdem - Humanitarianism and The Principles of Humanitarian Action in Post-Cold War Context - in S. Barakat (ed.), After the Conflict: Reconstruction and Development in the aftermath of * Conflict - Palgrave Macmillan - London 2005
  • (with S. Aprile and M.S. Marcos) Civil-military relations in PSOs. The Italian experience, CIMIC and future perspectives - CeSPI - Rome 2005
  • AA.VV. - Geopolitica dello Tsunami - O Barra o Edizioni - Milano 2005
  • Vent'anni di umanitario, dal boom alla disillusione - in Tra crisi umanitarie e azione umanitaria in crisi. Medici Senza Frontiere - Novembre 2004
  • Silvia Aprile e Gianni Rufini - La cooperazione allo sviluppo e l'attività umanitaria: quale concetto di politica estera? - in Le sfide esterne e di sicurezza per la UE - a cura di Rosa Balfour e Roberto Menotti - Cemiss - Roma 2004
  • L'aiuto umanitario - in Lavorare nella cooperazione internazionale - Torino 2004
  • Iraq: il costo della ricostruzione - in Aspenia - Aspen Institute Italia - April 2003
  • Silvia Aprile, Antonio Marchesi, Gianni Rufini, Iacopo Viciani: Civilian power or political dwarf? * The sustainability of the Development European model in the making of its foreign policy, the case of European intervention in crisis situations - Fields, Rome - June 2003
  • Preface to Tony Vaux - L'altruista egoista - Turin 2002
  • La nouvelle dynamique des crises humanitaires. Penser et agir autrement - actes du rencontre-débat - Haut Conseil de la Coopération Internationale, Paris 2002
  • Doing the right thing - in Focus: Balkans, Brussels 2000
  • Faire pour le mieux - in Focus: Balkans, Bruxelles 2000
  • Il ruolo delle ONG nell'emergenza - in "Dopo la guerra" - Movimondo, Rome 2000
  • Quelles politiques d'intervention pour les ONGs humanitaires Européennes? - in "Etikuma 99" - Bioforce/Univ. Paris I, Paris 2000
  • Partnership, agreements and framework of Humanitarian Aid - Proceedings of the Conference: "Europe And Humanitarian Aid - What Future? ", Bad Neuenahr 1999, University of Bochum, Bochum 2000
  • El Niño: a case study in Disaster Preparedness, Humanitarian Affairs Review, Brussels 1999
  • The Potential of NGOs in Negotiation and Mediation, Peacekeeping and International Relations, vol.26, n°2, Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies, Toronto, 1995
  • Peacekeeping and the Coming Age of NGOs, Peacekeeping and International Relations, vol.25, n°1, Canadian Institute of Strategic Studies, Toronto, 1995
  • The NGOs Component in New Peacekeeping Partnership, a Presentation, "L.B.Pearson" Peacekeeping Training Centre, Clementsport, 1995
  • (Editor) Mapa de Riesgos sociales y ambientales en barrios marginales del Conurbano Bonaerense, Ricerca e Cooperazione, Buenos Aires 1993
  • Options to enhance Community Participation in FAO Tropical Forestry Action Programme - ed. by Grazia Borrini, FAO-UNICOS, Roma, 1992
  • Analysis of Five National Exercises of TFAP, FAO-UNICOS, Roma, 1992
  • Primary Environmental Care - Un caso di studio in Ghana, Atti del Seminario sulla PEC, Siena - Roma, 1992.