|Shell of Pyramidella dolabrata Linnaeus, 1758, measuring 31.1 mm in height collected in beach drift on shore in Philipsburg, in St. Maarten.|
Pyramidella dolabrata, common name the "giant Atlantic pyram", is a somewhat variable species of small to medium-sized (max size 36 mm) sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the (mostly minute) family Pyramidellidae, the pyram snails.
- Pyramidella dolabrata terebellum (Müller, 1774) (synonym: Pyramidella terebellum Muller, 1774)
This species is found in shallow water in the tropics of the Western Atlantic Ocean, ranging from Florida through the mainland Caribbean and the West Indies south to Brazil, and also in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean at Saint Helena.
The length of the shell varies between 14 mm and 36 mm.
The white shell is conical, turreted, polished, elongated, slightly transparent. It has three or four transverse, narrow reddish or chestnut spiral lines on the body whorl, and two on the whorls of the teleoconch. The middle band s always narrowest ; the others are wider and deeper colored. The pointed spire is composed of from ten to twelve distinct, smooth, slightly convex whorls. The body whorl is more inflated than the other whorls. The shell is smooth and umbilicated. The ovate aperture is subrotund at its base, and generally marked within, with very prominent ridges continued upon some specimens even to the edge of the sharp outer lip. The outer lip is often lirate within. The columella is slightly arcuated, recurved around the umbilicus. It is furnished at its base with three folds, the upper of which is more prominent than the others. The small umbilicus is cylindrical, narrow and deep. The maximum recorded shell length is 36 mm.
This marine species has a wide distribution. It has been recorded in
- The Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, the Lesser Antilles
- The Atlantic Ocean off the Cape Verdes, St. Helena, Sao Tomé and Principe, Angola, West Africa
- The Indian Ocean : off Madagascar, Mauritius
- The Indo-Pacific Region.
- WoRMS (2010). Pyramidella dolabrata (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=208421 on 2011-03-15
- Bouchet, P. (2014). Pyramidella dolabrata (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=208421 on 2015-02-07
- Oliveira, M. P.; Rezende G. J. R.; Coelho L. F. (1975). "Contribuição ao conhecimento da malacofauna de Angola". Boletim do Instituto de Ciências Biológicas e Geociências (in Portuguese). Brazil: UFJF (10): 1–17.
- G.W. Tryon, Manual of Conchology vol. VIII p. 300; 1889
- Welch J. J. (2010). "The "Island Rule" and Deep-Sea Gastropods: Re-Examining the Evidence". PLoS ONE 5(1): e8776. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008776.
- Kiener (1840). General species and iconography of recent shells : comprising the Massena Museum, the collection of Lamarck, the collection of the Museum of Natural History, and the recent discoveries of travellers; Boston :W.D. Ticknor,1837
- Grande C., Templado J. & Zardoya R. 2008. Evolution of gastropod mitochondrial genome arrangements. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2008, 8:61. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-61
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