Giant tapir

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Giant tapir
Temporal range: Early Pleistocene to early Holocene[1][2]
Megatapirus augustus.jpg
fossil skull
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Tapiridae
Genus: Tapirus
T. augustus
Binomial name
Tapirus augustus
Matthew & Granger, 1923
  • Megatapirus augustus (Matthew & Granger, 1923)
A restoration of Tapirus augustus

The giant tapir (Tapirus augustus)[3][4][5] is an extinct species of tapir that lived in southern China, with reports suggesting it also lived in Taiwan,[6] Java, Vietnam, and potentially on Borneo.[7] Evidence suggests that the species first appeared in the Early Pleistocene and possibly survived until the early Holocene.[2][1] It was larger on average than modern tapirs, estimations range from 2.1 metres (6.9 ft) long and 0.9 metres (3.0 ft) tall at the shoulders to 3.5 metres (11 ft) long, and 1.5 metres (4.9 ft) metres tall at the shoulders. It may have weighed up to 500 kilograms (1,100 lb). The species was also placed in its own genus of Megatapirus, however, it is now conventionally placed within Tapirus.[3][1]


  1. ^ a b c "The biggest tapir". Tetrapod Zoology. Retrieved 2017-07-26.
  2. ^ a b Haowen, Tong, Liu Jinyi, and Han Ligang. "On fossil remains of early Pleistocene tapir (Perissodactyla, Mammalia) from Fanchang, Anhui." Chinese Science Bulletin 47.7 (2002): 586-590.
  3. ^ a b 1871-1930., Matthew, William Diller; 1872-1941., Granger, Walter; 1884-1960., Andrews, Roy Chapman; (1921-1930), Central Asiatic Expeditions (1923). "New fossil mammals from the Pliocene of Sze-chuan, China. Bulletin of the AMNH ; v. 48, article 17". hdl:2246/1308. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ Janis, Christine M.; Scott, Kathleen M.; Jacobs, Louis L. (1998-05-28). Evolution of Tertiary Mammals of North America: Volume 1, Terrestrial Carnivores, Ungulates, and Ungulate Like Mammals. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521355193.
  5. ^ "Fossilworks: Tapirus (Megatapirus) augustus". Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  6. ^
  7. ^ Chazine, J.-M. (2005). "Rock art, burials, and habitations: Caves in East Kalimantan" (PDF). Asian Perspectives. 44 (1): 219–230. doi:10.1353/asi.2005.0006. hdl:10125/17232. S2CID 53372873.