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A dish of giardiniera

Giardiniera (/ɑːrdɪˈnjɛərə/,[1] Italian: [dʒardiˈnjɛːra]) is an Italian relish of pickled vegetables in vinegar or oil.[2][3]

Varieties and uses[edit]

A sandwich accompanied with giardiniera

Italian giardiniera is also called sottaceti ("under vinegar"), a common term for pickled foods. It is typically eaten as an antipasto or with salads.[4]

In the United States, giardiniera is commonly available in traditional or spicy varieties, and the latter is sometimes referred to as "hot mix".

Giardiniera is a versatile condiment that can be used on a variety of different foods, such as bratwurst, bruschetta, burgers, pasta salad, eggs (omelets), hot dogs, tuna salad, sandwiches, and much more. In the U.S. it is not uncommon to use giardiniera on pasta or, in the Chicago area, pizza.

In the cuisine of Chicago, an oil-based giardiniera[5] is often used as a condiment, typically as a topping on Italian beef sandwiches,[6] subs, and pizza.[7]

A milder variety of giardiniera is used for the olive salad in the muffuletta sandwich.[8]


The Italian version includes bell peppers, celery, carrots, cauliflower and gherkins. The pickled vegetables are marinated in oil, red- or white-wine vinegar, herbs and spices.

Chicago-style giardiniera is commonly made spicy with sport peppers or chili flakes, along with a combination of assorted vegetables, including bell peppers, celery, carrots, cauliflower,[9] and sometimes gherkins or olives,[10] all marinated in vegetable oil, olive oil, soybean oil, or any combination of the three. Some commercially prepared versions are labeled "Chicago-style giardiniera".[11]

See also[edit]

  • Encurtido – a pickled vegetable appetizer, side dish and condiment in the Mesoamerican region
  • Jangajji – Type of Korean non-fermented pickled vegetable side dish
  • Torshi – Middle Eastern and Balkan pickled vegetables
  • Piccalilli – British relish of chopped pickled vegetables and spices
  • List of pickled foods – List of links to Wikipedia articles on pickled foods


  1. ^ "giardiniera"[dead link] (US) and "giardiniera". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 2022-04-09.
  2. ^ Miller, Robin (November 2007). Quick Fix Meals: 200 Simple, Delicious Recipes to Make Mealtime Easy. Newtown, CT: Taunton Press. p. 231. ISBN 978-1-56158-947-0.
  3. ^ Larsen, L. (2007). The About.Com Guide To Shortcut Cooking: 225 Simple and Delicious Recipes for the Chef on the Go. Guides. Adams Media. p. 106. ISBN 978-1-59869-273-0.
  4. ^ Lombardi, Skip (2004). La Cucina dei Poveri. p. 8. ISBN 1-4116-1141-1.
  5. ^ "Chicago Style Giardiniera Relish". August 16, 2018.
  6. ^ Gillespie, K.; Joachim, D. (2012). Fire in My Belly: Real Cooking. Andrews McMeel Publishing, LLC. p. 231. ISBN 978-1-4494-2642-2.
  7. ^ "The Best Pizza Topping That You've Probably Never Heard About". August 28, 2018.
  8. ^ "Looking for a summer snack? Try these two spreads: pimento cheese and muffuletta-style olive salad". July 8, 2019.
  9. ^ Mercuri, B. (2009). American Sandwich. Gibbs Smith, Publisher. p. 39. ISBN 978-1-4236-1192-9. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  10. ^ "How giardiniera crossed an ocean to become Chicago's favorite condiment". May 19, 2017.
  11. ^ Capone, D.M. (2010). Uncle Al Capone: The Untold Story from Inside His Family. Recap Publishing Company. p. 98. ISBN 978-0-9828451-0-3.