Gibbs Street Pedestrian Bridge
The Gibbs Street Pedestrian Bridge, more formally known as the US Congresswoman Darlene Hooley Pedestrian Bridge at Gibbs Street, is an approximately 700-foot (210 m) pedestrian bridge in Portland, Oregon, United States, which opened on July 14, 2012. It connects the Lair Hill neighborhood with the South Waterfront area. It is a steel box girder bridge, a change from the original plans for an extradosed bridge, made to reduce the project's cost.
The bridge crosses I-5 and SW Macadam Avenue, and connects SW Kelly Avenue on the west side to SW Moody Avenue on the east side. At the Moody Avenue end there is a stop on the Portland Streetcar's NS Line, and the Portland Aerial Tram's lower terminus is located across the street. Construction began in January 2011 and was completed in June 2012.
The preliminary design was approved by the Portland City Council on December 3, 2008. It was originally to be an extradosed-type bridge. In the first round of bidding, the project exceeded the allotted budget, and consequently needed to be rescaled. This in turn delayed the timeline and led to a simpler design. After undergoing technical engineering design and detailed neighborhood impact assessment, the refined project was opened to bidding in autumn 2010, and the city council awarded a $6.7 million construction contract to Wildish Standard Paving Company of Eugene.
The overall budget, originally anticipated to be between $7 million and $11.3 million, is expected to be met mostly by federal funds, with ten percent local funding. Early public opinion was mixed, but turned favorable as the plan progressed, particularly by those living nearby. One of the provisions of the 2002–2006 tram construction was to bury existing powerlines in the underlying neighborhoods, but those plans were dropped when the highly controversial tram project encountered significant budget overruns. The pedestrian bridge was another mitigating concession promised.
The $11.3 million congressional allotment may have been to also pay for a study to improve access to the Ross Island Bridge. Eastbound traffic for the bridge frequently clogs the Lair Hill neighborhood while waiting to merge. Mayor Sam Adams has said that whatever funds are left over from the Gibbs Bridge project can be used for studying the Ross Island auto-access problem.
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To compensate for the 70-foot elevation difference at the ends of the bridge, an elevator and a bicycle stairway was built at the South Waterfront end to serve the five-story height. It includes a 132-step stairway with rest areas.
Estimates of existing demand indicate that if the bridge opened in 2009, summertime usage would total 466 crossings per day, composed half of bicycle use and half pedestrian use. With school in session, fall usage is expected to increase to 730 crossings per day: 310 by bicycle and 420 pedestrians. By 2035, usage is estimated at 3,000 to 4,000 crossings per day.
- Tilikum Crossing: a transit and pedestrian bridge being constructed over the Willamette River and located 600 meters (0.37 mi) north of Gibbs Street
- Buxton, Matt (January 11, 2011). "Portland begins construction on South Waterfront pedestrian bridge over I-5". The Oregonian. Retrieved July 13, 2012.
- KATU staff (July 14, 2012). "Pedestrian bridge connecting Lair Hill to South Waterfront is now open". KATU. Retrieved July 17, 2012.
- "Project Background, Gibbs Street Pedestrian Bridge". City of Portland. Retrieved 2010-12-11.
- Home page, Gibbs Street Pedestrian Bridge Project Retrieved June 23, 2012.
- "Smith, Hooley Announce Funds For Pedestrian Bridge To Cross I-5, Reconnecting Neighborhood To River". OHSU. August 3, 2005. Retrieved 2008-12-08.
- Frank, Ryan (October 13, 2009). "Bids for South Waterfront pedestrian bridge far exceed budget". The Oregonian. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
- "Gibbs Street Pedestrian Bridge Project Schedule". City of Portland. Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- "Moving forward with the Gibbs Street Pedestrian Bridge". City of Portland. December 2010. Retrieved December 11, 2010.
- Tyler Graf (December 5, 2008). "City Council approves designs for a South Waterfront span over I-5". Daily Journal of Commerce. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
- Shasta Kearns Moore (December 1, 2008). "A bridge to somewhere". Southwest Community Connection. Pamplin Media Group. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- "Below the tram, above the freeway". The Oregonian. December 3, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-11.
- Murphy, Todd (November 4, 2005). "City, neighbors are poles apart: Burial of utility lines is latest battleground in conflict over tram". Portland Tribune. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- Kurz, Michael (July 25, 2012). "The Darlene Hooley Pedestrian Bridge Opens, Connects Waterfront and City". City of Portland. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- Mike Tresidder; Kim Voros, Hannah Kapell and Mia Birk, Alta Planning + Design (August 26, 2008). "Gibbs Street Pedestrian Bridge – Existing and Future Bicycle and Pedestrian Demand" (pdf). pp. 14–15, table 13. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
- Tresidder, p. 24
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gibbs Street Pedestrian Bridge.|
- Official project web site by City of Portland
- Collection of articles about the bridge by Bike Portland