Gibeon, Namibia

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Gibeon
Khaxa-tsûs
Gibeon is located in Namibia
Gibeon
Gibeon
Coordinates: 25°07′28″S 17°45′58″E / 25.12444°S 17.76611°E / -25.12444; 17.76611Coordinates: 25°07′28″S 17°45′58″E / 25.12444°S 17.76611°E / -25.12444; 17.76611
Country  Namibia
Region Hardap Region
Constituency Gibeon Constituency
Founded by Kido Witbooi
Time zone SAST (UTC+1)
Climate BWh

Gibeon (Nama: Khaxa-tsûs) is a village in Gibeon Constituency in the Hardap Region of Namibia.

History[edit]

Gibeon, originally known by the name Khaxa-tsûs, received its name from Kido Witbooi, first Kaptein of the ǀKhowesin, a subtribe of the Orlam.[1] He arrived with his followers in about 1850, shortly after a Rhenish mission station was established here.[2] Gibeon has been the home town of this group, subsequently also known as the Witbooi Nama, ever since.[3]

Buildings and structures[edit]

Gibeon Railway Station is located in the village. The station is a stop on the TransNamib Railway. It is also home to a public sports stadium. The stadium was built in 1986 and fell into disrepair by 1993. In 2003, the Ministry of Sport of Namibia budgeted N$ 450,000 for repairs and awarded part of the public tender to Namibia Renovations, but the company disappeared days after winning the tender and their whereabouts could not be confirmed. As of December 2007, none of the repairs been completed. When the stadium was operational, it was known for its "excellent" gravel playing surface, which attracted teams from larger towns in southern Namibia.[4]

Geography[edit]

Weather and climate[edit]

Gibeon normally receives an annual average rainfall of 148 millimetres (5.8 in), although in the 2010/2011 rainy season 494 millimetres (19.4 in) were measured.[5]

Gibeon meterorite[edit]

Fragment of the Gibeon meteorite on display in Windhoek
Main article: Gibeon (meteorite)

Gibeon is known for the Gibeon meteorite that crashed over a 275 km long and 100 km wide area in prehistoric times. It is an iron meteorite belonging to the chemical group IVA[6] Gibeon meteorites are made of an iron-nickel alloy, but contain also cobalt and phosphorus. The crystalline structure of this meteorite is a classic example of fine octahedrite and the Widmanstätten pattern aesthetically appreciated both by collectors and jewel designers.

Politics[edit]

Gibeon is governed by a village council that currently has five seats.[7]

Johannes Isaaks (1941–2010) was the first Mayor of Gibeon as well as prominent political activist.[8] In the 2004 and 2009 national elections, Gibeon has given the ruling SWAPO party significantly less support than the national percentage, though SWAPO was still the highest vote getter in both elections.

2004 National Assembly election[edit]

In the 2004 National Assembly election, 4,956 residents of Gibeon constituency voted; SWAPO received 50.7% of Gibeon's votes, compared to 76.1% nationally. The COD received 29.3% of the vote and the DTA received 9.3%. Of the remaining 6 parties, the UDF received 3%, the NUDO received 2.1%, the RP received 1.8%. The MAG, NDMC and SWANU combined to receive the remaining 2.3%.[9]

2009 Presidential election[edit]

In the 2009 presidential election, voter participation declined to 3,669, a 26% drop from the previous national election. Gibeon voters supported incumbent President Hifikepunye Pohamba's candidacy but significantly less than the national average; nationally, SWAPO's Pohamba received 76.4%, but in Gibeon he received only 46.1% of the 3,669 total votes. The closest candidate was Hidipo Hamutenya of RDP, who received 20% of Gibeon's votes, above his national vote percentage of 11.1%. The next closest candidate was Frans Migub ǀGoagoseb of the NDMC, who received 207 votes in the constituency (5.6%). Gibeon's support for /Goagoseb equaled nearly 12% of the candidate's total support nationally (207 of 1,760 total votes). David Isaacs of the DP received 205 votes (5.6% in the constituency) and around 9% of the national vote total (205 of 1,859 nationally). Henk Mudge of the RP (5.4%), Katuutire Kaura of DTA (5%) and Ben Ulenga of COD (3.7%) received a higher percentage of votes in Gibeon than their national averages.[10]

Notable people from Gibeon[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dierks, Klaus. "Biographies of Namibian Personalities, W". Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  2. ^ Tonchi, Victor L; Lindeke, William A; Grotpeter, John J (2012). Historical Dictionary of Namibia. Historical Dictionaries of Africa, African historical dictionaries (2 ed.). Scarecrow Press. p. 472. ISBN 9780810879904. 
  3. ^ Dedering, Tilman (1997). Hate the old and follow the new: Khoekhoe and missionaries in early nineteenth-century Namibia. 2 (Missionsgeschichtliches Archiv ed.). Franz Steiner Verlag. pp. 59–61. ISBN 978-3-515-06872-7. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  4. ^ No renovations yet on Gibeon stadium 1 December 2007, The Namibian
  5. ^ Menges, Werner (26 May 2011). "Rainy season was one for the record books". The Namibian. Archived from the original on 15 Dec 2011. 
  6. ^ Meteoritical Bulletin Database: Gibeon
  7. ^ "Know Your Local Authority". Election Watch (3). Institute for Public Policy Research. 2015. p. 4. 
  8. ^ An unsung hero from the South passes on 26 March 2010, The Namibian
  9. ^ National Assembly Election Results 2004 Election Watch Namibia
  10. ^ Presidential Election Results Election Watch Namibia
  11. ^ Poolman, Jan (25 August 2004). "Die man, Gerhard Tötemeyer" [Gerhard Tötemeyer, the person.]. Die Republikein (in Afrikaans). 

External links[edit]