Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party
|Split from||Democratic Party for a British Gibraltar|
|Headquarters||Suite 16, 3 Watergardens, Waterport Road, Gibraltar|
|National affiliation||GSLP–Liberal Alliance|
|European Parliament group||Party of European Socialists (2004–09)|
|UK affiliation||Labour Party|
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The Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party (GSLP) is a socialist political party in Gibraltar. The GSLP is the oldest surviving active political party in Gibraltar. Its grass roots are based in the trade union movement, as its founder and former leader Joe Bossano was the District Officer of the Transport and General Workers Union (TGWU). The party has been led since 2011 by Fabian Picardo.
The TGWU during Bossano's tenure was instrumental in achieving parity with the United Kingdom for all workers in Gibraltar. Bossano left the Integration with Britain Party in 1975 and founded the Gibraltar Democratic Movement (GDM), which contested the 1976 election winning four seats in the House of Assembly. The GDM became the Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party in 1978 and obtained one seat, that of Bossano, in the 1980 election. At the elections of 1984, the GSLP capitalized on the Gibraltarian discontent about the way the British Government was handling the future of the Gibraltar Royal Navy dockyard, opposing the transfer of the docks to Appledore International (which involved the loss of about 400 jobs), and winning seven of the fifteen seats of the Assembly. The party was eventually in Government from 1988 to 1996.
Like all the other parties in Gibraltar, the GSLP supports self-determination for Gibraltar and opposes any moves toward joint British–Spanish sovereignty. The party has strong member and personal ties with the UK Labour Party with many prominent members having been involved with the Labour Party while in the United Kingdom. The GSLP also endorsed the Labour Party at the 2014 European Parliament elections as it had done on previous European elections.
The party strongly supports Gibraltar's territorial integrity, in particular seeks pursuit of the recognition of the full twelve-mile limit to Gibraltar territorial waters, as is the case with other British overseas territories, and it considers Spain's violations of the current three-mile limit of territorial waters as "a hostile and unfriendly act".
The party does not consider Gibraltar to have been decolonised by the Gibraltar Constitution Order 2006 and has a policy of continued participation at all United Nations venues in which Gibraltar is discussed including the Special Committee on Decolonization until the decolonisation of Gibraltar is recognised by the UN and the achievement of a new international status for Gibraltar as a full self-governing territory under the British Crown.
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In the 1999 by-election, following the death of GSLP Opposition MP Robert Mor, Liberal Party leader Dr. Joseph Garcia (backed by the GSLP) won 51.46% of the popular vote and the seat. He was the first joint GSLP/Liberal candidate to contest an election.
The GSLP supports and endorses the UK Labour Party during European parliament elections.
|Election year||# of
| % of
overall seats won^
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|1999 (by-election; in alliance with the 'LPG')*||N/A (Backed the 'Liberal Party of Gibraltar' (GLP) candidate)||N/A||
0 / 1
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|2000 (in alliance with the 'LPG')||29,610||25.62||
5 / 15
|2003 (in alliance with the 'LPG')||28,382||25.08||
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|2007 (in alliance with the 'LPG')||49,277||31.84||
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|2011 (in alliance with the 'LPG')||59,824||34.23||
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|2013 (by-election; in alliance with the 'LPG')**||4,899||49.84||
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|2015 (in alliance with the 'LPG')||70,551||47.83||
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|^Each of these numbers are only based on how the GSLP performed in each [individual] election.|
|*The 1999 by-election in Gibraltar was to fill in a seat vacated by then-GSLP MP, Robert Mor, who died that year. Hence, the composition bar on this row would only signify whether or not a member of a particular political party has won the seat. If that particular member had won the seat, then the entire bar would be colored in. Since the GSLP did not present a candidate for this by-election, but instead backed a member of its smaller coalition partner ('Libs'), this still counts as a loss of a seat in parliament.|
|**The 2013 by-election in Gibraltar was to fill in a seat vacated by then-GSLP MP, Charles Arthur Bruzon, who died that year. Hence, the composition bar on this row would only signify whether or not a member of a particular political party has won the seat. If that particular member wins the seat, then the entire bar would be colored in.|
|1||Joe Bossano, MP||1978-April 2011||Chief Minister of Gibraltar from 1988-1996|
|2||Fabian Picardo, MP||April 2011 – present||Chief Minister of Gibraltar from 2011-present|
Current GSLP MPs
- Joe Bossano (since 1980)
- Albert Isola (from 1996-2000; since 2013)
- Fabian Picardo (since 2003)
- Gilbert Licudi (since 2007)
- John Cortes (since 2011)
- Samantha Sacramento (since 2011)
- Paul Balban (since 2011)
- E.G. Archer (2006). Gibraltar Identity and Empire. Routledge. p. 86. ISBN 978-0-415-34796-9. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
- R. H. Haigh; D S Morris; D. S. Morris (1 June 2002). Britain, Spain and Gibraltar 1945-1990: The Eternal Triangle. Taylor & Francis. p. 124. ISBN 978-0-203-19463-8. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- Peter Gold (2005). Gibraltar: British or Spanish?. Routledge. pp. 59–60. ISBN 0-415-34795-5.