Gideon Olin

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Gideon Olin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Vermont's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1803 – March 3, 1807
Preceded by Israel Smith
Succeeded by James Witherell
Member of the Vermont House of Representatives
In office
1780-1793
1799
Personal details
Born (1743-11-02)November 2, 1743
East Greenwich, Rhode Island
Died August 1, 1822(1822-08-01) (aged 73)
Shaftsbury, Vermont
Political party Democratic-Republican
Spouse(s) Lydia Myers Pope Olin and Patience Dwinnell Olin
Children Benjamin Olin, Esther Olin, Nathaniel Green Olin, Abram Baldwin Olin and Job S. Olin
Profession farmer, congressman

Gideon Olin (November 2, 1743 – January 21, 1823) was an American politician. He served as a United States Representative from Vermont.

Biography[edit]

Olin was born in East Greenwich, Rhode Island to John and Susannah Pierce Olin. He received limited schooling and engaged in agricultural pursuits. He moved to Vermont and settled in Shaftsbury in 1776, becoming one of the founders of the state of Vermont.

Olin was a delegate to the Windsor Convention in 1777, which enacted the constitution that formed the Vermont Republic. He was a member of the Vermont House of Representatives in 1778, 1780 to 1793, and in 1799, serving as Speaker from 1788 to 1793.[1]

During the American Revolutionary War, Olin was appointed Major in the Second Regiment under Colonels Samuel Herrick and Ebenezer Walbridge, and served on the frontier.[2] After the war, he served as an assistant judge of the Bennington County Court from 1781 to 1798. He was a delegate to the state constitutional convention in 1791 and 1793, and a member of the Governor’s council from 1793 to 1798.[3]

Olin was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the Eighth and Ninth Congresses, serving from March 4, 1803 to March 3, 1807.[4] He served as chief justice of the Bennington county court from 1807 to 1811,[5] and was a founder of the University of Vermont.[6] After leaving office, he resumed agricultural pursuits.

Family life[edit]

Olin married Patience Dwinnell on December 13, 1768. He later married Lydia Myers Pope [7] and they had five children, Benjamin Olin, Esther Olin, Nathaniel Green Olin,[8] Abram Baldwin Olin and Job S. Olin.[9][10]

Olin was the uncle of Henry Olin. Both Abram Baldwin Olin[11] and Henry Olin[12] served as United States Representatives in the 19th century.

Death[edit]

Olin died in Shaftsbury, Vermont on January 21, 1823, and is interred at Center Shaftsbury Cemetery in Shaftsbury, Vermont.[13][14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Speakers of the House". Vermont Office of the Secretary of the State. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Biographical Note on Gideon OLIN (father of John H.)". Vermont Historical Magazine,. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  3. ^ "OLIN, Gideon, (1743 - 1823)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Rep. Gideon Olin". govtrack.us. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Biography of Gideon Olin". History50States.com. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  6. ^ Johnson, Rossiter (1904). The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. Biographical Society. 
  7. ^ "Lydia Myres Pope Olin". Find A Grave. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Nathaniel Green Olin". Find A Grave. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Gideon A Olin". Find A Grave. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Gideon Olin (b. October 22, 1743, d. January 11, 1823)". Ancestry.com. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  11. ^ "OLIN, Abram Baldwin, (1808 - 1879)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  12. ^ "OLIN, Henry, (1768 - 1837)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Gideon Olin". Find A Grave. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Olin, Gideon (1743-1823)". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 

External links[edit]


United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Israel Smith
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Vermont's 1st congressional district

1803-1807
Succeeded by
James Witherell