Gideon Schocken

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gideon Schocken
Gideon Shocken, January 5, 1959
Native name
גדעון שוקן
Born(1919-12-28)December 28, 1919
Years of service1936-1961
Rank Aluf
Commands held
Spouse(s)Deborah Schocken (Hebrew: דבורה שוקן)
Other work

Gideon Schocken (Also spelled Gideon Shocken; Hebrew: גדעון שוקן; December 28, 1919 – 1981) was a Haganah fighter, major in the British Army during World War II, and aluf (major general) in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). He served as the head of the Manpower Directorate from February 1956 to April 1961.[1][2]


Gideon Schocken was born to Lily and Salman Schocken, the co-founder of Schocken Books, an established publishing company in Germany.[3] He immigrated to Israel with his family in 1934, graduating from Gymnasia Rehavia the following year. In 1936, Schocken joined the Haganah, and in 1943 he passed the platoon commanders' course.

Schocken studied at Hebrew University and Oxford University. During World War II, he volunteered for the British Army, later serving in the Jewish Brigade fighting in North Africa and Italy.[3][4] In 1946, he was discharged from the British Army as a major. Following the war, he went to the United States to help his father move their publishing business to New York.

By 1949, Schocken had returned to Israel, joining the IDF, where he was appointed the deputy head of the Manpower Directorate.[4] He served as the head of staff of the Operations Directorate from 1953 until 1955, when he joined the Emergency Management division of the Office of the Prime Minister. On February 15, 1956, Schocken was appointed head of Manpower Directorate of the General Staff of the Israel Defense Forces with the rank of aluf mishne. He received the rank of aluf in May 1959.

Schocken retired at the end of his term in April 1961. After his military service, Schocken became the commissioner of the Israeli security forces under the office of the State Comptroller of Israel. He also became a member on the board of directors of Bank Leumi.

Schocken was an avid collector of modern and naïve art and photography. Among other things, he designed the first book covers of Franz Kafka's English publications.

Schocken died in 1981. His wife, Deborah Schocken is curator of art and founder of the Herzliya Museum of Contemporary Art.[4] Schocken had two daughters: Yael Miron and Tamar Schocken. Schocken's son, Shimon Schocken, is a professor of computer science at the Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya.


  1. ^ "אגף כוח האדם". Israel Defense Forces. October 29, 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  2. ^ "(ם"גא) יללכה הטמה ףגא שאר" (PDF). Israel State Archives. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  3. ^ a b אידלמן, רחלי (January 11, 2007). "סבי שלמה זלמן שוקן". Haaretz. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  4. ^ a b c "שער רביעי - ההגנה פורשת מן המרד / יהודה לפידות". דעת (Daat). June 29, 2003. Retrieved 23 January 2014.