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Giffords is an American advocacy and research organization focused on preventing gun violence. The organization draws its name from that of its co-founder, Gabrielle Giffords, a former Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Rep. Giffords was shot along with 18 others at a constituent meeting in Tucson in 2011.[1] The organization has three parts: a 501(c)(4) lobbying arm, a 501(c)(3) research arm, and a super PAC. It was previously known in a different configuration as Americans for Responsible Solutions.


Ms. Giffords has written that when she and her husband launched the organization, they "wanted to prove that it's possible to stand up for the Second Amendment while also standing up for stronger gun laws that keep us safe." The mission of the organization is to shift American gun culture through information and challenge the injustice of special interests risking individual safety all while changing U.S. policies to support safer gun laws.[2][3][4]


The organization known as Giffords began as a nonprofit and super PAC Americans for Responsible Solutions (ARS) which Giffords launched with her husband, retired astronaut and U.S. Navy aviator Mark Kelly in 2013 shortly after the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting. In its first electoral cycle, Kelly said the organization aimed to devote as much money to support pro-gun candidates as the NRA had spent in the 2012 election.[5] In 2016 ARS merged with the Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence, adding legal expertise and state-level research on gun laws to its work.[6] Finally, in 2017 the group changed its name from Americans for Responsible Solutions to Giffords.[1]

Gun control advocacy[edit]

Giffords works on a range of issues to curb gun violence including requiring criminal background checks for gun purchases, reducing gun trafficking, conducting gun violence research and regulating semi-automatic assault weapons.[7] Giffords has played a role in passing more than 200 new gun laws in 45 states and Washington, D.C.[8]

Through the Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence, the organization releases an annual scorecard to consider the "relative strength or weakness" of gun laws in each state as well as the rate of gun deaths.[9][10] The Giffords Law Center also files amicus curiae briefs and takes other legal action to protect, enforce and strengthen gun regulations.[11][12]

Electoral activity[edit]

2014 election cycle[edit]

Giffords supports candidates with gun control in their platforms through its super PAC.[13] The PAC spent $8 million in the 2014 election cycle on independent expenditures for and against 20 candidates.[14] The largest share of the group's spending was in the race for the House seat previously held by Gabrielle Giffords in Arizona's second district. The group supported the incumbent, Democrat and Giffords's former aide Ron Barber against Republican Martha McSally. McSally narrowly won the seat.[15] Overall during the 2014 election cycle, the PAC devoted $4.9 million to oppose Republican candidates, $2.4 million in support of Democratic candidates and $860,000 in support of Republican candidates.[14]

2016 election cycle[edit]

In 2016, Giffords spent more than $2 million aggressively supporting New Hampshire Democrat Maggie Hassan in her bid to unseat Republican Sen. Kelly Ayotte who had voted against expanding background checks for gun purchases.[16] Hassan won the seat.[8] The PAC also endorsed Republicans including two senate candidates, Pat Toomey of Pennsylvania and Mark Kirk of Illinois.[17] Giffords and Kelly wrote that Toomey and Kirk "broke from the gun lobby" to support a bill to close the so-called gun-show loophole.[18] They also supported the Democratic candidate in two Senate races as well as a handful of House contests. Overall, Giffords spent $2.7 million on political races in 2016.[19]

2017 statewide races[edit]

Giffords supported two gubernatorial candidates in 2017 who supported stronger gun laws. Ralph Northam in Virginia and Phil Murphy in New Jersey, both Democrats, won their races.[20][21]

2018 election cycle[edit]

In 2018, the PAC continued to endorse and support candidates on both sides of the aisle, including three Republican candidates they identified by focusing on legislation that broke with Republican orthodoxy on guns laws.[22] As of June 2018, the group had raised nearly $13 million and had donated more than $177,000 directly to federal candidates.[22] As part of its 2018 campaign work, Giffords worked with VoteVets to rally support for seven congressional candidates who support stronger gun laws. All seven are Democrats.[23] The group also dedicated millions to successfully unseat four NRA-backed incumbent House members.[24][25]

Commentators and editorial pages noted that work by Giffords and other gun violence prevention organizations had been a powerful element in the 2018 election cycle. The Washington Post editorial board cited the work of Giffords and wrote that the election marked a "shift in the politics of gun control; no longer is it a third rail to be avoided at all costs."[26] NPR reported that 95 candidates endorsed by Giffords PAC won House seats.[27] According to the AP VoteCast election day survey, 61% of voters said gun laws should be more strict.[28]

Other work[edit]

In addition to endorsing and supporting state and federal candidates and lobbying for stronger gun laws, Giffords and Kelly have spoken out about the need to intensify our response to outbursts of gun violence. Immediately following the 2017 mass shooting in Las Vegas, Ms. Giffords issued a statement that she was praying for her former colleagues in Congress to "find the courage it will take to make progress on the challenging issues of gun violence." In a press conference on the steps of the U.S. Congress, Kelly echoed the call for more action, saying, "All we're hearing is thoughts and prayers...Your thoughts and prayers aren't going to stop the next shooting."[29]

The group has also participated in a range of state and national advocacy campaigns and events. In March 2018, when survivors of the mass shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida organized the March for Our Lives, Giffords helped bring more than 200 people from Parkland to participate. The organization has helped link local and regional groups into a campaign to register voters in the hopes of removing NRA-backed lawmakers from office. Giffords has also brought together former military commanders and other veterans to urge political leaders to address America's 'gun violence crisis.'[30][31][32]


  1. ^ a b Horwitz, Sari (17 October 2017). "After Las Vegas, gun-control group seizing moment to push for tighter regulations". The Washington Post. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  2. ^ "About". Giffords. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  3. ^ "'Cause of my life' - Giffords rebrands gun-control group with her name". Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  4. ^ Wing, Nick (2018-08-27). "Gun Safety Group Taps Veterans To Help Bridge Divides In Gun Debate". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  5. ^ "Gabby Giffords' Gun Control Group Hopes to Go Head-to-Head With NRA in 2014". Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  6. ^ "Gabrielle Giffords' gun control group merges with Calif. group". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  7. ^ "Issues". Giffords. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  8. ^ a b "Giffords group rebrands, refocuses efforts at gun control". 2017-10-18. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  9. ^ Zezima, Katie (28 February 2018). "Florida among 25 states to receive an 'F' in gun-control group's annual scorecard". The Washington Post. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  10. ^ Darby, Luke (2018-02-18). "Connecticut Shows a Path Forward for Better Gun Laws". GQ. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  11. ^ Voght, Kara. "A Judge Just Handed Gun Safety Activists a Victory on 3-D Printed Guns". Mother Jones. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  12. ^ Aron, Hillel (2017-10-04). "6 Organizations You Can Support to Promote Gun Control". L.A. Weekly. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  13. ^ "Giffords hopes gun control can win over disaffected Republicans". POLITICO. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  14. ^ a b "Americans for Responsible Solutions Recipients, 2014 | OpenSecrets". Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  15. ^ Bump, Philip (6 November 2014). "Nearly one-third of spending by Giffords's pro-gun control group went to help former aide". The Washington Post. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  16. ^ ""Americans for Responsible Solutions Recipients, 2016 | OpenSecrets"". Open Secrets. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  17. ^ Gass, Nick. "Giffords' anti-gun violence PAC endorses Toomey, Kirk". POLITICO. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  18. ^ Giffords, Gabrielle; Kelly, Mark (22 August 2016). "America finds its voice on gun safety". CNN. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  19. ^ Bowman, Bridget (3 October 2017). "Gun Control Movement Turns to Campaigns". Roll Call. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  20. ^ Rojas, Rick (2017-08-24). "Gabrielle Giffords Endorses Philip Murphy for New Jersey Governor". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  21. ^ Nirappil, Fenit (28 September 2017). "Gabrielle Giffords to campaign for Ralph Northam in Virginia governor's race". The Washington Post. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  22. ^ a b Corasaniti, Nick (2018-08-20). "Why Gabby Giffords Just Endorsed 2 Republicans in New Jersey". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  23. ^ Roarty, Alex (20 August 2018). "Progressive vets, gun control advocates join forces on the campaign trail". McClatchy DC Bureau. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  24. ^ Hakim, Danny; Shorey, Rachel (2018-11-16). "Gun Control Groups Eclipse N.R.A. in Election Spending". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  25. ^ "Giffords Took on the NRA and Won". Giffords. 2018-11-08. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  26. ^ "The Washington Post". Editorial Board. The Washington Post. 8 November 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  27. ^ Khalid, Asma (13 November 2018). "A Third Rail No More: Incoming House Democrats Embrace Gun Control". Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  28. ^ Graphics, WSJ com News. "How We Voted in the 2018 Midterms". WSJ. Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  29. ^ Tillett, Emily (2 October 2017). "Mark Kelly, Gabby Giffords on gun violence: Thoughts and prayers are "not enough"". Retrieved 2018-12-13.
  30. ^ "Gun safety tour supporting veterans running for Congress stops in Heidelberg". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2018-12-14.
  31. ^ Harf, Marie (2018-09-01). "Marie Harf: Military veterans enlist in the battle to fight gun violence in America – Let's hear them out". Fox News. Retrieved 2018-12-14.
  32. ^ Zezima, Katie (2 December 2017). "After mass shootings, retired military commanders urge Congress to address 'gun violence crisis'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 December 2018.