The Gift of the Magi
|"The Gift of the Magi"|
|Published in||The Four Million|
|Publication date||December 10, 1905 (newspaper); April 10, 1906 (book)|
"The Gift of the Magi" is a short story by O. Henry first published in 1905. The story tells of a young husband and wife and how they deal with the challenge of buying secret Christmas gifts for each other with very little money. As a sentimental story with a moral lesson about gift-giving, it has been popular for adaptation, especially for presentation at Christmas time. The plot and its twist ending are well-known, and the ending is generally considered an example of comic irony. It was allegedly written at Pete's Tavern on Irving Place in New York City.
The story was initially published in The New York Sunday World under the title "Gifts of the Magi" on December 10, 1905. It was first published in book form in the O. Henry Anthology The Four Million in April 1906.
Mr. James Dillingham Young ("Jim") and his wife, Della, are a couple living in a modest apartment.
On Christmas night, with only $1.87 in hand, and desperate to find a gift for Jim, Della sells her hair for $20 to a nearby hairdresser named Madame Sofronie, and eventually finds a platinum pocket watch fob chain for Jim's watch for $21 and she was satisfied with the perfect gift she got for Jim.
At 7 o'clock, Della sits at a table near the door, waiting for Jim to come home. Unusually late, Jim walks in and immediately stops short at the sight of Della, who had previously prayed that she was still pretty to Jim. Della then admits to Jim that she sold her hair to buy him his present. Jim gives Della her present – an assortment of combs, useless now that her hair is shortened. Della then shows Jim the chain she bought for him, to which Jim says he sold his watch to get the money to buy her ornamental combs. Although Jim and Della are now left with gifts that neither one can use, they realize how far they are willing to go to show their love for each other, and how priceless their love really is.
The story ends with the narrator comparing the sacrificial gifts of love with those of the Biblical Magi.
The story has been adapted to films, The Sacrifice (1909), Love's Surprises Are Futile (1916), The Gift of the Magi (1917), a segment of O. Henry's Full House (1952), The Gift of Love (1978), The Gift of the Magi (1958), Dary magów (Poland, 1972), Christmas Eve on Sesame Street (1978), I'll not be a gangster, love (Не буду гангстером, дорогая/Nebūsiu gangsteriu, brangioji, USSR, 1978), Mickey's Once Upon a Christmas (1999), The Gift of the Magi (2004) and the short film for the Irish band The Script in 2010 called For the First Time. Love, another French movie, based some of its scenes on this story. Raincoat (2004), a Hindi film directed by Rituparno Ghosh is an adaptation of the story. The Greek film directed by Ismene Daskarolis (2014) places it in the economical crisis of Greece today. The Mexican film Nosotros los pobres includes this tale as a small sub-plot. There is also a Bulgarian short film adaptation known as "Darovete na vlahvite" (2013) directed by Ivan Abadjiev.
- An off-Broadway musical version entitled The Gifts of the Magi premiered at Lamb's Theatre in New York City in 1984. Written by Mark St. Germain and Randy Courts, the play is regularly produced in schools and regional theaters.
- In 1955, in The Honeymooners episode 13 of season 1, "'Twas the Night Before Christmas" involves Ralph looking for the perfect present for Alice for Christmas. Without money, he pawns his prized bowling ball to buy her an expensive gift, only to find out in the end that she bought him a custom bowling ball bag.
- In 1992, in Rugrats episode 27 "The Santa Experience", Phil doesn't know what to get Lil, so Angelica convinces him to give up his precious Reptar to get Lil markers for her Color Me book, and then convinces Lil to give up the Color Me book to get a space helmet for Phil's Reptar even though Angelica was now in possession of it. The twins both believe the sacrifice is the greatest gift of all, leaving Angelica in bitter Christmas spirits until she returns the original gifts.
- The Squirrel Nut Zippers song "Gift of the Magi" from their 1998 album Christmas Caravan is a duet sung from the point of view of both Jim and Della.
- Emmet Otter's Jug-Band Christmas, which is a twist on "The Gift of the Magi", is a children's storybook by Russell Hoban which was first published in 1971. In 1977, Muppet creator Jim Henson produced a one-hour television adaptation of the story, filmed in Toronto for HBO in the United States and CBC in Canada. The special premiered on HBO on December 17, 1978. The special later aired on ABC in 1980 and on Nickelodeon in the 1990s. The special features several original songs written by songwriter Paul Williams.
- The sketch comedy show Studio C contains a skit called "Awkward Gift Swap" in which Jim and Della argue over their gift-giving.
- The television series My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic has the episode "The Gift of the Maud Pie" in which Pinkie Pie gives Maud a perfect gift, costing her the confetti-using Party Cannon. Maud's gift in return was confetti for the cannon of which Pinkie Pie had sold.
- The song "Gift of the Magi 2: Return of the Magi" by Phoenix band AJJ contains several allusions to O. Henry's classic, as well as borrowing the title. It re-interprets the ending of "Gift of the Magi" with the lyrics "The husband divorced his wife after she cut her hair, because she was way less fuckable and that's just unforgivable".
- Radio drama series Adventures in Odyssey features a comedic adaptation of this story in its episode "Gifts for Madge & Guy".
- The 2017 manga "Jumyou wo Kaitotte Moratta. Ichinen ni Tsuki, Ichimanen de" by Sugaru Miaki, English title "I sold my life for ten thousand yen per year", features a bittersweet adaptation where a 20-year-old man with no hope for the future sells his remaining 30 years of lifespan.
- The animated sketch comedy series Robot Chicken features a parody of the story in its fourth season, except that Jim does not sell his watch and instead buys Della lingerie, much to her consternation.
- Joni Mitchell wrote and performed, but never recorded, a song based on the story.
- The opening sketch of the December 10, 1988 episode of Season 14 of Saturday Night Live reimagines "The Gift of the Magi" as Donald and Ivana Trump (played by Phil Hartman and Jan Hooks) selling their yacht Princess and estate Mar-a-Lago, each in order to pay for a gift intended to adorn the other.
- In 2018, an episode of Puppy Dog Pals entitled "Bingo and Rolly's Birthday" had each of the two dog characters trading their prized possessions (a stick collection and a Captain Dog action figure) to obtain gifts for each other (a box for the stick collection, and a spring to repair the launcher on the action figure).
- The story is referenced, both in plotline as well as explicitly, in a Christmas Special episode of the anime series Milky Holmes.
- "The Gift of the Magi is published – This Day in History – 4/10/1906". history.com. 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
- "O'Henry and The Gift of the Magi". LiteraryTraveler.com.
- Не буду гангстером, дорогая
- Mickey's Once Upon A Christmas on IMDb
- O. Henry on IMDb
- Raincoat on IMDb
- The Gift of the Magi (2014) - IMDb
- Darovete Na Vlahvite (2013) - IMDb
- St. Germain, Mark; Courts, Randy (1984). The Gifts of the Magi. New York: Dramatists Play Service, Inc. ISBN 978-0-8222-1461-8
- Watch A Trump Christmas from Saturday Night Live on NBC.com, retrieved 2017-08-03
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- "The Gift of the Magi" by O. Henry
- The Gift of the Magi public domain audiobook at LibriVox
- O'Henry's "The Gift of the Magi":Common Core Exemplar from NEH's EDSITEment
- "The Gift of the Magi" study guide, teacher resources, themes, quotes