Gabashvili, c. early 1900s
|Native name||Giorgy "Gigo" Gabashvili|
November 9, 1862|
Tiflis, Georgia, Russian Empire
|Died||October 28, 1936
Tsikhisdziri, Kobuleti Municipality, Georgia
Giorgi "Gigo" Ivanes dze Gabashvili (Georgian: გიორგი [გიგო] ივანეს ძე გაბაშვილი) (November 9, 1862 – October 28, 1936) was a Georgian painter and educator. One of the earliest Georgian representatives of the Realist School, his work is known for covering a wide range of subjects, landscapes and scenes of everyday life through orientalist lens. Although not widely known in the West, Gabashvili's paintings are highly valued - the artist's late 19th century painting The Bazaar in Samarkand, originally commissioned by Charles Richard Crane, sold for $1.36 million dollars at Christie's in 2006.
Born in Tbilisi, Georgia (then part of the Russian Empire), Gabashvili was educated at the Imperial Academy of Arts (1886–1888) and the Munich Academy of Fine Arts (1894–1897). Returning to his homeland, he made a debut as the first artist to have been honored with a personal exhibition in Tbilisi. From 1900 to 1920, he taught at the art school operated by the Caucasus Society for Promotion of Fine Arts. Gabashvili was one of the founding professors of the Tbilisi State Academy of Arts (1922) and was granted the title of the People's Artist of the Georgian SSR (1929). Gabashvili remained a staunch realist and made known his opposition to left-wing art. He died in Tsikhisdziri, Kobuleti Municipality, Georgia, in 1936.
Gabashvili is best known for his series of vivid portraits of peasants, townsmen, and noblemen ("The Three Townsmen", 1893; "The Sleeping Khevsur", 1898; "The Drunk Khevsur", 1899; "A Kurd", 1903–1909; "The Three Generals", 1910; etc.) as well as multifigure scenes from Georgian ("Alaverdoba Festival", 1899) and Oriental life – many of them based on the sketches of his Central Asian journey in 1894 ("The Bazaar in Samarkand", 1894–1897; "The Divan-Bey Pool in Bukhara", 1897; etc.). Most of his works are now on display at the National Museum of Fine Arts in Tbilisi. His 1895 copy of "The Bazaar in Samarkand," created at the request of the U.S. diplomat and businessman Charles R. Crane who met him during his travel in the Caucasus, was sold for USD 1.36 million at Sotheby's in 2006.
Notes and references
- Roy Bolton, Edward Strachan. Russian Orientalism: Central Asia & the Caucasus. Sphinx Fine Art: 2009, p. 40
- The Golden Road to Samarkand: the Rebirth of Gigo Gabashvili's Art. Georgia Today. January 12, 2007.
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