Gijang County

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Korean transcription(s)
 • Hanja
 • Revised RomanizationGijang-gun
 • McCune-ReischauerKijang-gun
Haedong Yonggung Temple
Haedong Yonggung Temple
Official logo of Gijang
Busan Gijang-gun.svg
CountrySouth Korea
Provincial levelBusan
Administrative divisions2 eup, 3 myeon
 • Total217.9 km2 (84.1 sq mi)
 (2013 Dec 31)
 • Total146,260
 • Density670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Dialect

Gijang County is a gun, or county, located between Haeundae-gu and Ulsan in northern Busan, South Korea.


Gijang first appears under its current name in the annals of the year 757, during the Unified Silla period. At that time it was made the hyeon of Gijang, part of Dongnae-gun. The Samguk Sagi records that it was known as Gaphwayanggok (甲火良谷) previously.

Historical landmarks in the county include the Buddhist temple of Jangansa, said to have been first built by Wonhyo in the 7th century.

Geography and demographics[edit]

Gijang is the most rural of Busan's districts, and consists mostly of vacant and agricultural land. Approximately 156.7 of its 217.9 square kilometers are empty and forested, mostly hilly land. The county's population has risen steadily since 1990, when it stood at 56,847. There is a fishing village set along the coastline.


Due to its location along the coast of the East Sea of Korea, Gijang is known as a center for the production of various kinds of seafood. These include anchovies and brown seaweed (miyeok).

Dragon metalwork at Jangangsa temple
Gijang fishing village


Gijang is also the current residence of the new Busan International Foreign School, which the Ministry of Education recently[when?] spent 46.9 Billion won.[citation needed]

One elementary school, Daebyun Elementary School, was nicknamed the "poop school" since "Daebyun" meant feces. Its name originated from the village Daebyun-ri, which derived from the Daedonggobyunpo Port. The school opened in 1963, and in August 2017 it had 76 students. That month the school announced it was changing its name effective 2018.[1]


Other points of interest in the Gijang area include Toam Pottery Park and Ilgwang Beach, as well as the cliffside Haedong Yonggungsa temple. The fishing village is popular for its fresh seafood and sashimi.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Administrative divisions

Gijang is divided into five parts:

See also[edit]


  • "Gijang-gun Statistical Yearbook 2005 (online version)". Archived from the original on February 9, 2006. Retrieved 2006-08-13.
  1. ^ Chyung, Eun-ju (2017-08-17). "'Feces Elementary School' to change name after 55 years". The Korea Times. Retrieved 2017-08-18.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°15′00″N 129°13′18″E / 35.25000°N 129.22167°E / 35.25000; 129.22167