Gil Gavbara

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Gil Gavbara
Ispahbadh of Tabaristan
GilGavbaraHistoryofIran.jpg
Coin of Gil Gavbara
Reign 642-660
Successor Dabuya
Born 7th-century
Gilan
Died 660
Tabaristan
House Dabuyid dynasty
Father Piruz
Mother Gilani princess
Religion Zoroastrianism

Gil Gavbara (Persian: گیل گیلانشاه‎), known in Arabic sources as Jil-i Jilanshah and Gavbarih, was king and founder of the Dabuyid dynasty in 642, ruling until his death in 660.

Origins[edit]

According to Ibn Isfandiyar, the Dabuyids were descended from Djamasp, a brother of the Sassanid shah Kavadh I. Gil Gavbara was the son of Piruz, who is described as brave as the Iranian mythological hero Rostam. Piruz later became the ruler of Gilan, and married a woman who bore him a son named Gil Gavbara.[1]

Biography[edit]

Piruz died around 642 and was succeeded by Gil Gavbara as the ruler of Gilan. Gil Gavbara was later given all of Tabaristan, which led to the formal conferment of the titles of Gil-Gilan ("ruler of Gilan") and Padashwargarshah ("Shah of Patashwargar", the old name of Tabaristan's mountains) to Gil Gavbara's son Dabuya by the last Sasanian shah, Yazdegerd III.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Madelung 1993, pp. 541–544.

Sources[edit]

Gil Gavbara
Born: Unknown Died: 660
Iranian royalty
Preceded by
Piruz
Ispahbadh of Tabaristan
642-660
Succeeded by
Dabuya