Gilan-e Gharb

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For the administrative subdivision, see Gilan-e Gharb County.
Gilan-e Gharb
Gilan-e Gharb is located in Iran
Gilan-e Gharb
Gilan-e Gharb
Coordinates: 34°08′32″N 45°55′13″E / 34.14222°N 45.92028°E / 34.14222; 45.92028Coordinates: 34°08′32″N 45°55′13″E / 34.14222°N 45.92028°E / 34.14222; 45.92028
Country  Iran
Province Kermanshah
County Gilan-e Gharb
Bakhsh Central
Elevation 810 m (2,660 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 24,000
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Area code(s) 0834

Gilan-e Gharb (Kurdish:گیەڵان) (Persian: گيلانغرب‎‎; also Romanized as Gīlān-e Gharb; also known as Gīlān)[1] is the capital city of Gilan-e Gharb County, Kermanshah Province, Iran. At the 2016 census, its population of City was about 24,000 and population of Glian-e Gharb County was 60000


Gilan-e Gharb is the second resistant city after Khoram Shahr, which was the first resistant city during the Iran-Iraq war (1980-1988). Gilan-e Gharb People are known for their hospitality especially when Iraqi Kurds fled to their city after Saddam Hussein ordered the execution of Kurds and slaughtered most of them. The city is populated by Kalhor Kurds and are Shia Muslim. It is considered by many to be the literary center of the Southern Kurdish dialect. It has fostered many artists, poets, actors, and intellectuals.


Gilan-e Gharb has the typical continentally-influenced Mediterranean climate of western Iran. However, in recent years they have had dust storms which have subsequently contaminated the weather with dust, resulting in people suffering from expiration diseases and asthma.


Farangis Fattahi, a Narration of the Brave women of Gilan Gharb, during Iran-Iraq war, for defence of her family when she confronted the Iraqi solder she killed him by an ax.( their females are known for their beauty.

Historical Background[edit]

There is a few places to visit which have historical background; Sarabe Gilane Gharb, Golin, Historical city in Sarab, Miandar, and also there is a historic hill almost in the center of the city which entering to that territory is forbidden for people, since it is said that there is a big golden horse buried under it, it is a myth for people from very past but the Iranian Government have not excavate it yet.


People In Gilan-e-Gharb are very strict and competitive in their educational life. Although they are Kurds, but their children do not have a system to learn how to write in Kurdish, they only learn how to speak. That is an unfortunate that because of cultural prestige in Iran, not only in Gilan-e Gharb but also in other cities around Iran; parents speak with their children only in Farsi. There will be no wander in ten years from now on their all local languages will be gone. All people are recognized by their tribe that belong too. The RoTavand Eel, are people who mostly their inheritance goes back to their ancestors in Iraq. They are white, blond people. Most of their individuals are studing in abroad. The majorities are Kalhor Eel (Kalhor Tribe). There is more branches for other tribes such as; Eyvani Eel ( Which are known for their justice fighter Seikhan). O'lmamey Eel which their inheritance goes back to Russian soldiers who came to Iran during World War II. They have mostly white skin, blue eyes, and are blond. Siah-Siah Eel, are people who have brunet skins with dark black hairs, mostly are tall. Alirezavandi and Zarangosh are another Tayefeh.


The economy of Gilan-e Gharb is largely based on agriculture. There is very few jobs, therefore individuals started to migrate to capital city Tehran, in hope of finding a job.


  1. ^ Gilan-e Gharb can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3064347" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".