Gilbert, Arkansas

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Gilbert, Arkansas
Location of Gilbert in Searcy County, Arkansas.
Location of Gilbert in Searcy County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 35°59′28″N 92°42′58″W / 35.99111°N 92.71611°W / 35.99111; -92.71611Coordinates: 35°59′28″N 92°42′58″W / 35.99111°N 92.71611°W / 35.99111; -92.71611
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountySearcy
Area
 • Total0.39 sq mi (1.00 km2)
 • Land0.37 sq mi (0.95 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation
594 ft (181 m)
Population
 • Total28
 • Estimate 
(2017)[2]
27
 • Density73.57/sq mi (28.41/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
72636
Area code(s)870
FIPS code05-26800
GNIS feature ID0049404

Gilbert is a town in Searcy County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 28 at the 2010 census, ranking it as the smallest municipality in the state and one of the smallest in the nation. Over the years, Gilbert has gained a reputation (along with Calico Rock) as one of the coldest locations in Arkansas.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The Gilbert community was founded in 1902 when a railroad construction camp for the Missouri and North Arkansas (M&NA) Railroad was built and named in honor of Charles W. Gilbert, secretary-treasurer of Allegheny Supply Company, which was building the railroad. The M&NA began at Seligman, MO and rambled for 303 tortuous miles to Helena, AR on the Mississippi River. In 1906, William Mays moved his store and post office to Gilbert. The Gilbert General Store, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places under the name Mays Store.

During the early 1920s, Reverend John Battenfield and his followers migrated into Gilbert and aspired to create a self-sufficient community to survive the return of the Messiah. They built a church and erected a sturdy building of smooth brown stones that was the print shop for their weekly newspaper, the Kingdom Harbinger. Gilbert Cemetery was founded in 1920 at the top of the hill on Frost Street. Gilbert School District Eighty-eight was formed in 1921. Eli Jordan donated the land for a school, the residents donated money for lumber and materials, anyone with a team and wagon hauled in the lumber, and the men of Gilbert built the school. As the town grew, it boasted four stores, two hotels, an Eagle Pencil Company mill, several sawmills, and three doctors. 1923 passed without the appearance of the Messiah, and in 1925 Reverend Battenfield and his family left Gilbert.

Gilbert remained a hub for commerce for several years. Cotton, logs, ore and grain came by rail. By the 1940s, unsustainable logging practices led to a decline in logging activity. The railroad suffered; The railroad tracks were soon removed and sold as scrap, and concrete pylons stand as evidence of the railroad. A portion of the former rail bed now serves as a hiking route. The Old Railroad Trail is an easy 3.4 mile round-trip hike that parallels the bank of the Buffalo River along the old M&NA railroad, with a trail head located just past the Gilbert General Store.

Today, Gilbert is popular among canoeists for its ease of access to the scenic Buffalo River. The town contains a few homes, guest houses and cabins for rent. The Gilbert RV Campground offers RV sites, tent campsites, glamping, and tube rentals. The Gilbert General Store is still in operation, providing canoe outfitter services, supplies, and hunting and fishing licenses. Hiking trails, scenic overlooks, and caves are abundant in the area surrounding the town. Elk can be seen grazing the pastures of the river valley. Remnants of old homesteads dot the small town, providing a hint of its past. Just a few miles from Gilbert are restaurants offering famous smoked meats, cheeses, and local dishes. The Kenda Drive-In, approximately 20 miles from Gilbert in Marshall, still shows movies outdoors on its 72-foot screen. Gilbert is a town frozen in time. Paddlers, wildlife enthusiasts, and history-lovers alike enjoy visiting the forgotten riverside community of Gilbert, Arkansas.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.8 km² (0.3 mi²).

Major highways[edit]

School District[edit]

Gilbert is in the Ozark Mountain School District,[3] with a K-12 campus in nearby St. Joe.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930116
1940106−8.6%
195051−51.9%
1960522.0%
197045−13.5%
198043−4.4%
1990430.0%
200033−23.3%
201028−15.2%
Est. 201727[2]−3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2014 Estimate[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 33 people, 18 households, and 10 families residing in the town. The population density was 41.1/km² (105.1/mi²). There were 29 housing units at an average density of 36.1/km² (92.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 100.00% White.

There were 18 households out of which 11.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.4% were non-families. 33.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.83 and the average family size was 2.30.

In the town, the population was spread out with 9.1% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 18.2% from 25 to 44, 45.5% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every female resident, there were 1.063 males. For every female resident age 18 and over, there were 1.143 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $18,750, and the median income for a family was $20,625. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $26,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,729. There were no families and 17.1% of the population living below the poverty line, including none under the age of 18 and none of those over 64.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Gilbert has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. ^ School District Reference Map (2010 Census) Searcy County, AR (PDF) (Map). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-07-12.
  4. ^ "Ozark Mountain School District". Ozark Mountain School District. Retrieved 2011-07-12.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 22, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 22, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ Climate Summary for Gilbert, Arkansas

External links[edit]