|Sir Gilbert Blane, Bt|
Gilbert Blane by Martin Archer Shee, 1833
|Born||29 August 1749
Blanefield, by Kirkoswald, Ayrshire, Scotland
|Died||26 June 1834
|Alma mater||Edinburgh University
Glasgow University (MD 1778)
|Known for||Use of lemon juice obligatory to prevent scurvy|
Blane was appointed Physician to the Fleet (1779–1783) and accompanied Rodney to the West Indies in 1779. Blane did much to improve the health of sailors by heeding their diet and enforcing due sanitary precautions. He was one of those whose advocacy of citrus juice as a preventative and cure for scurvy encouraged the Admiralty to go against the theories of the medical establishment and introduce lemon juice as daily addition to the naval diet in 1795. Following his appointment as a Commissioners of Sick and Hurt the following year, he played a role in converting this policy into reality. Later lemons were replaced by limes which could be obtained from Britain's Caribbean colonies, and for this reason, "limey" became a common slang word for a British person.
On his return to Britain, he became Physician to St Thomas' Hospital (1783–1795), Physician Extraordinary to the Prince of Wales (1785) and Physician in Ordinary to the King (George IV and William IV). By virtue of these court and hospital appointments, he built up a good practice for himself in London, and the government constantly consulted him on questions of public hygiene. In 1812 he became a baronet, of Blanefield in the County of Ayr, in reward for services he rendered in connection with the return of the Walcheren expedition.
His printed works include Observations on the Diseases of Seamen (1795) and Elements of Medical Logic (1819).
Blane married Elizabeth Gardiner in 1786. She died in 1832.
- Waterston, Charles D; Macmillan Shearer, A (July 2006). Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002: Biographical Index (PDF) I. Edinburgh: The Royal Society of Edinburgh. ISBN 978-0-902198-84-5. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
- Vale and Edwards (2011). Physician to the Fleet: The Life and Times of Thonas Trotter 1760-1832. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press. ISBN 978 1 84383 604 9.
- "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Blane, Sir Gilbert". Encyclopædia Britannica 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Allison, R S (1990). "Chirurgeon: look to the wounded". Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service 76 (1): 15–23. PMID 2197404.
- Beasley, A W (1985). "Sir Gilbert Blane Bt (1749–1834)". Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 67 (5): 332–3. PMC 2499530. PMID 3901866.
- Wharton, M (1984). "Sir Gilbert Blane Bt (1749–1834)". Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 66 (5): 375–6. PMC 2493700. PMID 6385804.
- Leach, R D (1980). "Sir Gilbert Blane, Bart, MD FRS (1749–1832)". Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 62 (3): 232–9. PMC 2492378. PMID 6994573.
- King, L S (1978). "Medical logic". Journal of the history of medicine and allied sciences 33 (3): 377–85. doi:10.1093/jhmas/XXXIII.3.377. PMID 361812.
- Coulter, J L (1960). "The Gilbert BLANE medal". Journal of the Royal Naval Medical Service 46: 183–91. PMID 13695943.
- "Blane, Gilbert". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- "Notables" from Maybole, Ayrshire (with picture)