Gilbert Hunter Doble
G. H. Doble was born at Penzance, Cornwall on 26 November 1880. His father, John Medley Doble shared his enthusiasm for archaeology and local studies with his sons. He was a scholar of Exeter College, Oxford and graduated in modern history in 1903. He attended Ely Theological College.
Service as an Anglican priest
He was ordained in 1907 and served a long series of incumbents, in various parts of England and Cornwall as assistant curate. His Anglo-Catholic leanings were a bar to his preferment in the Church of England. In 1924, when he spoke publicly on "Re-catholicising Cornwall", a proffered appointment was withdrawn. However, in Autumn 1919, was appointed curate of the parish of Redruth in Cornwall and served there until 1925. He then served for almost twenty years as the Vicar of Wendron, also in Cornwall.
In 1935, he was appointed an honorary canon of Truro Cathedral. During his parochial ministry, he was a great friend of children, especially those deprived of proper care by familial poverty or the workhouse.
Historical work on Cornish studies
In between ministering to the needs of his parishioners, Canon Doble pursued a lifelong study of sub-Roman Celtic Britain and Brittany, in which he gained a European-wide reputation. He was especially interested in the medieval vitae or 'lives', and additional legends, related to the early Christian holy men and women (or 'saints') of Cornwall, Wales and of Brittany. The fruit of his research was published between 1923 and 1945 in a collection of forty-eight booklets known as the 'Cornish Saints Series'. The later issues (from 1928) include historical commentaries by Charles Henderson. They have since been republished in book-form but without the Henderson commentaries: this edition was edited by Donald Attwater and appeared in 5 volumes published by the Dean and Chapter of Truro, 1960-1970. Until Orme's Saints of Cornwall was published in 2000, they were the most thorough, scholarly and reliable works available on the subject.
Canon Doble's primary sources were far from easy to interpret: his booklets include summaries of the content or translations of the most significant of them. D. Simon Evans states in his introductory essay to Doble's Lives of the Welsh saints:
“It is hardly necessary to dwell here on the value and significance of these lives. We may regard them as religious romances or novels, and as is generally agreed, they were written to enhance the cause of the church or parochia, whose freedom and independence was not infrequently threatened at this time. In no sense are they “historical”; indeed they have more to offer the student of social anthropology and primitive religion .Much of what they contain is pure imagination, mingled and blended with myth, folklore and legend. But, as Doble reminds us, “Legend is history, in the sense that the legends and traditions of a people are part of its history”.
Canon Doble also collected Cornish folklore and folksong. In 1928 he was made a Bard of the Cornish Gorseth, taking the Bardic name Gwas Gwendron ('Servant of Gwendron') and received the Jenner medal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall. He was responsible for the first performance of the Cornish miracle play Beunans Meriasek since the Reformation in June 1924 (in English translation):. There have since been many acclaimed productions, including those in the original Cornish language. Canon Doble's research also led to the revival of the Hal-an-Tow event at the annual Helston Flora Day.
Canon Doble died at Helston in Cornwall on 15 April 1945. He was buried in the Churchyard of Wendron Parish Church.
Manuscripts and publications
His work on the Lives of the Welsh Saints has been collected into one volume and is currently available from the University of Wales Press. In addition to the Cornish Saints Series (reprinted by the Llanerch Press), there was also a series of histories of Cornish parishes. His personal library, including manuscript diaries, is at the Courtney Library, Royal Cornwall Museum, Truro
- Catling and Rogers (1949)
- Ely Theological College opened in 1876 and closed in 1964, see History of Guyhirn
- Scott (1974)
- Most of these Saints are not so recognised by the Vatican or the See of Canterbury
- Orme (2000)
- “Our early Welsh Saints and History”(pp.13-14) see list of sources for full reference
- Malcolm Scott was cast as 'the Adult Meriasek'. Catling and Rogers give the date of the production as 1923.
- As of 13 October 2006 - see list of sources for bibliographical data on the 1971 edition.
- Catling, Robert Mason; J. Percival Rogers (1949). G.H.Doble: a brief memoir and bibliography. Sidney Lee: Exeter.
- Scott, Malcolm (1974). "Canon Doble as I knew him (presidential address)". Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall. VII (RIC). (New Series) (Part 2). Note on Malcolm Scott: This is a personal account of Canon Doble, "not a biography". The author, Malcolm Scott, when he was a lad, was befriended by Canon Doble.
- Thomas, Charles Canon Doble: an appreciation, fifty years on: Address by Professor Thomas in Wendron Parish Church April 30, 1995 (Typescript copy at the Courtney Library, Royal Cornwall Museum, Truro).
- Orme, Nicholas (2000). The Saints of Cornwall. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-820765-4.
- Doble, G. H. (1971). Lives of the Welsh Saints; edited by D.Simon Evans. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. ISBN 0-900768-68-1. Note: The book covers Saints Dubricius, Iltut, Paulinus, Teilo and Oudoceus. Each study was originally published as a separate booklet