Gilbert Heathcote, 1st Baron Aveland

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Gilbert John Heathcote, 1st Baron Aveland (16 January 1795 – 6 September 1867), known as Sir Gilbert John Heathcote, 5th Baronet from 1851 to 1856, of Stocken Hall, Rutland, was a British peer and Whig politician.[1]


Born at Normanton Hall, he was the eldest son of Sir Gilbert Heathcote, 4th Baronet and his first wife Katherine Sophia Manners, fourth daughter of John Manners.[2] Heathcote was educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge.[3] In 1851, he succeeded his father as baronet and to his large estates in Rutland.[2][4]


In 1820 he was elected to Parliament for Boston, a seat he held until 1830, and again from 1831 to 1832. He later represented Lincolnshire South from 1832 to 1841 and Rutland from 1841 to 1856. Olney describes him as "lukewarm in politics", with the "South Lincolnshire Liberals [finding] it hard to do anything with him, but equally hard to act without him."[4] In 1856 Heathcote was raised to the peerage as Baron Aveland, of Aveland in the County of Lincoln. Having been previously a Deputy Lieutenant for Lancashire and Rutland,[2] he later served as Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire from 1862 to 1867.[5] As Lord Lieutenant his duties included the appointment, from advised candidates, of county magistrates, in which he was considered socially conservative being reluctant to appoint those not considered of suitable social standing, however respectable. In 1866 he expressed opposition to the 1867–passed Reform Act designed to widen franchise.[5] Heathcote was appointed honorary colonel of the South Lincoln Militia in 1857.[2]


He married Clementina Drummond-Willoughby, 24th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby, eldest daughter of Peter Drummond-Burrell, 22nd Baron Willoughby de Eresby, in 1827. Heathcote died in September 1867, aged 72, and was succeeded by his son Gilbert Henry Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, who later also succeeded his mother in the barony of Willoughby de Eresby in 1888 and was created Earl of Ancaster in 1892.[1]


  1. ^ a b "HEATHCOTE, Gilbert John (1795-1867), of Stocken Hall, Rutland". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d Dod, Robert P. (1860). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co. pp. 97–98.
  3. ^ "Heathcote, Gilbert John (HTCT814GJ)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  4. ^ a b Olney R. J. (1973); Lincolnshire Politics 1832-1885, Oxford University Press, p.19. ISBN 0198218486
  5. ^ a b Olney R. J. (1979); Rural Society and County Government in Nineteenth Century Lincolnshire, Society of Lincolnshire History and Archaeology, pp.23, 103, 154. ISBN 0902668099

Further reading[edit]

  • Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Alexander Madocks
Peter Drummond-Burrell
Member of Parliament for Boston
With: Henry Ellis 1820–1821
William Augustus Johnson 1821–1826
Neil Malcolm 1826–1830
Succeeded by
Neil Malcolm
John Wilks
Preceded by
John Wilks
Neil Malcolm
Member of Parliament for Boston
With: John Wilks
Succeeded by
John Wilks
Benjamin Handley
New constituency Member of Parliament for Lincolnshire South
With: Henry Handley
Succeeded by
Christopher Turnor
John Trollope
Preceded by
Sir Gilbert Heathcote, Bt
Hon. Charles Noel
Member of Parliament for Rutland
With: Hon. William Dawnay 1841–1846
George Finch 1846–1847
Gerard James Noel 1847–1856
Succeeded by
Gerard Noel
Gilbert Heathcote
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Yarborough
Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire
Succeeded by
The Earl Brownlow
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Aveland
Succeeded by
Gilbert Henry Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby
Baronetage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Gilbert Heathcote
(of London)
Succeeded by
Gilbert Henry Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby