Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, 2nd Earl of Ancaster

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Lord Willoughby de Eresby in 1895.

Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, 2nd Earl of Ancaster GCVO JP DL (29 July 1867 – 19 September 1951), known as Lord Willoughby de Eresby from 1892 to 1910, was a British Conservative politician.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Ancaster was the eldest son of Gilbert Henry Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, 1st Earl of Ancaster, and Lady Evelyn Elizabeth Gordon, daughter of Charles Gordon, 10th Marquess of Huntly. He was born in London and educated at Lambrook preparatory school and at Eton, where he was editor of the Eton College Chronicle and president of the Eton Society. He then attended Trinity College, Cambridge.[1][2]

Career[edit]

In 1894, he was elected to Parliament for the Horncastle Division of Lincolnshire, a seat he held until shortly after the December 1910 general election, when he succeeded his father as second Earl of Ancaster and entered the House of Lords. Ancaster later held office as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries under David Lloyd George from 1921 to 1922 and under Bonar Law and Stanley Baldwin from 1922 to 1924.[1]

Apart from his parliamentary political career he was also Lord Lieutenant of Rutland from 1921 to 1951, Chairman of Rutland County Council from 1922 to 1937, DL for the county of Perthshire and JP for Lincolnshire, where he was Chairman of the Kesteven Quarter Sessions from 1911 to 1937.[1]

He was Joint Lord Great Chamberlain between 1910 and 1951. He was appointed GCVO in 1937.[1]

During the Second Boer War he was appointed an honorary Major of the Leicestershire Imperial Yeomanry, but was in June 1901 transferred to become Captain of the Lincolnshire Imperial Yeomanry,[3] rising to Lieutenant-Colonel.

On 12 December 1902 he was one of the founding directors of Ivel Agricultural Motors Limited of Biggleswade, founded by Dan Albone who had invented the Ivel Agricultural Motor (the word 'tractor' did not come into common use until later).[4]

Personal life[edit]

Lord Aveland married American heiress Eloise Lawrence Breese, daughter of William Lawrence Breese of New York, in 1905. Her sister Anne married the son of the Duke of Roxburghe.[5] They had two sons and two daughters.[1]

He died on 19 September 1951, aged 84, and was succeeded in his titles by his only son, Gilbert James Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Obituary: Earl of Ancaster". The Times. The Times Digital Archive. 20 September 1951. p. 8. 
  2. ^ "Willoughby, the Hon. Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond (WLHY886GH)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  3. ^ "No. 27330". The London Gazette. 5 July 1901. p. 4476. 
  4. ^ "Dan Albone". Biggleswade History Society. Retrieved 30 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "New Yorker Dies at Front: W. L. Breese, Killed in Battle, Held an English Commission". The New York Times. 17 March 1915. p. 3. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Edward Stanhope
Member of Parliament for Horncastle
1894–1910
Succeeded by
William Weigall
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Onslow
Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
1921–1924
Succeeded by
Walter Robert Smith
Court offices
Preceded by
The Marquess of Cholmondeley
Lord Great Chamberlain
1936–1951
Succeeded by
The 3rd Earl of Ancaster
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Lord Ranksborough
Lord Lieutenant of Rutland
1921–1951
Succeeded by
William Melville Codrington
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby
Earl of Ancaster
1910–1951
Succeeded by
Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby
Baron Willoughby de Eresby
(descended by acceleration)

1910–1951
Succeeded by
Gilbert Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby