Gilbert Horal

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coat of arms of Gilbert Horal

Gilbert Horal or Erail (died December 1200) was the 12th Grand Master of the Knights Templar from 1193 to 1200.

Personal details[edit]

Gilbert Horal, probably, he was born an Aragonese (from the Kingdom of Aragon in modern-day Spain), and entered the Templars at a young age. He stayed in the provinces of Provence and Aragon, where he took part in the battles of the Reconquista on the Iberian Peninsula, and became Grand Master of the province until 1190. Then he became the Grand Preceptor of France, and in 1193, after the death of Robert de Sablé, he became Grand Master of the Order.[1] In 1194, Pope Celestine III gave the Templars more privileges.[2]

Horal was known for wanting peace between the Christians and the Muslims, though some disagreed and thought that this showed treason and collusion with the enemy.

During his leadership, the quarrel between the Templars and Hospitaliers increased. The arbitration of Pope Innocent III was in favour of the Hospitaliers because the Pope could not forgive the Templars for making the agreements that they had with Malek-Adel, brother of Saladin.[2]

Another of Gilbert Horal's accomplishments was that he took the time to organize and consolidate the possessions of the Templars in France and Apulia. In Spain, the Templars took an active part in the Reconquista, and in 1196 were given the fortress of Alfambra by Alfonso II of Aragon as a reward for their efforts in the battles.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Addison, Charles Greenstreet (2013) [1842]. The History of the Knights Templar. Lulu Press Inc. p. 240. ISBN 978-1-1055-1118-9. 
  2. ^ a b c Cobbold, David. "The Masters of the Templar Order: Gilbert Horal". Templiers Org. Retrieved 2015-08-29. 

Sources[edit]

  • Marillier, Bernard (2000). Armorial des Maîtres de l'Ordre du Temple. Collection "Sinople". Pardès. ISBN 978-2-8671-4222-2. 
  • Roy, J. J. E. (1999) [1848]. Histoire des Templiers. Pardès. ISBN 978-2-8671-4188-1. 
Religious titles
Preceded by
Robert de Sablé
Grand Master of the Knights Templar
1193–1200
Succeeded by
Phillipe de Plessis