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Gilbert Stanley Underwood

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Gilbert Stanley Underwood
Born(1890-06-05)June 5, 1890
DiedAugust 3, 1961(1961-08-03) (aged 71)
EducationYale University (BA 1920)
Harvard University (MA 1923)
Mary Elizabeth Smith
(m. 1914)

Gilbert Stanley Underwood (June 5, 1890 – August 3, 1961) was an American architect best known for his National Park lodges.



Born in 1890, Underwood received his B.A. from Yale in 1920 and a M.A. from Harvard in 1923. After opening an office in Los Angeles that year, he became associated with Daniel Ray Hull, a landscape architect, of the National Park Service. This led to a commission with the Utah Parks Company of the Union Pacific Railroad which was developing the parks in hopes of producing destinations for travelers. During this time Underwood designed lodges for Cedar Breaks National Monument (now demolished), Zion National Park, Bryce Canyon National Park, and the North Rim of the Grand Canyon National Park. His surviving Utah Parks Company buildings are considered exceptional examples of the Rustic style of architecture, and are all listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In addition, Underwood was contracted to design Yosemite National Park's The Ahwahnee, also on the National Register and probably his greatest triumph in the Rustic style. Underwood also designed stations for the Union Pacific, culminating in the magnificent Art Deco style station in Omaha in 1931. Then Underwood joined the Federal Architects Project in 1932. While working for the federal government, Underwood produced the preliminary designs for the Timberline Lodge, Mount Hood, Oregon, and went on to design more than 20 post offices, two major federal buildings, and the U.S. State Department Building. From 1947 to 1949, he was appointed as federal supervisory architect.

Following retirement but utilizing an association with John D. Rockefeller Jr., and the Williamsburg Lodge project in Virginia, Underwood designed as his last major commission the Jackson Lake Lodge (1950–1954), Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming. He died in 1960.



See also



  1. ^ "Cedar Breaks Historic Lodge". National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-10-22.
  2. ^ "Wilshire Tower | Los Angeles Conservancy". www.laconservancy.org. Retrieved 2017-04-05.
  3. ^ Hagedorn-Krass, Martha (June 29, 1992). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Abilene Union Pacific Railroad Passenger Depot" (PDF). Kansas Historical Society. Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved April 24, 2016.
  4. ^ a b c Potter, Janet Greenstein (1996). Great American Railroad Stations. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. pp. 373, 377, 499. ISBN 978-0471143895.
  5. ^ "SAH Archipedia". sah-archipedia.org. Retrieved 2016-04-24.