Gilbert of St Leonard

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Gilbert of St Leonard
Bishop of Chichester
Chichestercathedralgilbertofstleonardsign.jpg
Sign memorializing Gilbert in Chichester Cathedral
Elected 30 January 1288
Term ended 12 February 1305
Predecessor Stephen Bersted
Successor John Langton
Other posts Treasurer of Chichester
Orders
Consecration 5 September 1288
Personal details
Died 12 February 1305
Amberley, West Sussex
Buried Chichester Cathedral

Gilbert de St Leonard (or Gilbert de St. Leofard;[1] died 1305) was a medieval Bishop of Chichester.

Life[edit]

Gilbert was probably a native of France, deriving his name from the college of St Liphard at Meung-sur-Loire near Orléans. He was trained as a canon lawyer and first appears in England in 1254, perhaps having come to England because of the suspension of the University of Paris in 1253. He taught at Oxford University until 1256, when he probably started working for the bishop of Ely.[1] He was a canon of Chichester Cathedral by 28 December 1264.[2] He shared the views of his bishop, Stephen Bersted, in the baronial party that was led by Simon de Montfort.[1] He served the papal legate Ottobon in 1266.[2] In 1268, Walter Giffard, Archbishop of York, was employing him as an official, but in the late 1270s he returned to Chichester, probably before Walter Giffard's death in 1279.[1] By 5 April 1279 he was Treasurer of Chichester.[3] He was elected to the see of Chichester on 30 January 1288, and consecrated on 5 September 1288[4] at Canterbury.[5]

While bishop Gilbert spent lavishly on expanding his cathedral and on gifts to King Edward I of England. It was Gilbert that baptised Edward's youngest son Edmund in 1301 at Woodstock.[1] He died on 12 February 1305[4] at Amberley. He was buried in the lady chapel of Chichester Cathedral, where his tomb was destroyed in 1538.[1]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Whittick "St Leofard, Gilbert de" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ a b Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 5: Chichester: Unidentified Prebends
  3. ^ Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 5: Chichester: Treasurers
  4. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 239
  5. ^ Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 5: Chichester: Bishops

References[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Stephen Bersted
Bishop of Chichester
1288–1305
Succeeded by
John Langton