Gilbertstone

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Gilbertstone is a residential suburban area straddling the border of Yardley and South Yardley in Birmingham, West Midlands.

Etymology[edit]

It is unknown where the name actually came from but a local legend states that a man named Gilbert lifted an enormous stone to move the boundaries between his and another person's land so that he could gain more land. The supposed stone, which is an erratic from the Ice Age, is now kept at Blakesley Hall in Yardley.[1]

History[edit]

Gilbertstone was shown as a separate entity to Yardley in John Ogilby's strip map of Coventry Road.[2] Gilbertstone developed as a result of the construction of the now-demolished Gilbertstone House, which was built between 1866 and 1867 for Samuel Thornley,[3][4] on the site of a small farmhouse.[5] It was bought by Richard Tangye in 1883, a major benefactor to the Birmingham Art Gallery. The house had extensive grounds which crossed into the area of Lyndon End and Bickenhill.[6] It had a pool with a boathouse. On the side of the house was a 65-foot (20 m) tall tower.[3]

It was recorded in 1905 that the mansion and grounds straddled the boundaries of the counties of Warwickshire and Worcestershire.[7]

Thomas Rowbotham lived in the house whilst developing the nearby roads. He gave land for the construction of St. Michael and All Angels Church, although that piece was exchanged for the site the church was actually built on. He also sold various pieces of land for development. Sir Hanson Rowbotham sold the estate for £250,000 and the house was demolished in 1937.[3] The 300-acre (1.2 km2) estate was to be used for the construction of 3,000 houses, however, World War II suspended the construction of the properties on site.[8]

Visitors to the farmhouse and the manor on its site included John Bright,[9] Catherine Hutton, William Hutton's daughter,[10] and members of the Royal Colonial Institute.

The area the estate covered is now crossed by Saxondale Avenue, which is the exact location of the house, Sunnymead Road and parts of Wensley Road, Brays Road and Wychwood Crescent.[3] Manor House Lane reflects the former land usage of the nearby area. Moat Lane, bordering Gilbertstone, receives its name from one of the two moats in Gilbertstone, the remains of which can still be seen in Gilbertstone Recreation Ground alongside Moat Lane.[11]

The area was damaged by night bombing raids by the Luftwaffe during World War II. When the war finished, the area was developed as part of the postwar redevelopment. A new housing estate was built in Gilbertstone with 576 houses. 207 of these (36%) were designed by RIBA approved architects leading to criticism over the aesthetics of the area.[12]

In 1950, Gilbertstone became home to a primary school, designed by Crouch, Butler and Savage in a typical postwar style. The wooden structures, which had formed Oaklands County Primary School,[13] had been completely dismantled from their site in Dolphin Lane in Acocks Green and reassembled in the new estate.[14] The buildings were demolished in 1998 following concerns over the stability of the structure.[15] In 1998, construction work on the new buildings commenced and were opened by Estelle Morris on March 24, 2000.[16] The school was able to construct the buildings following a cash injection by Birmingham International Airport.[17]

Present day[edit]

Gilbertstone is now a small suburb in the area of Yardley and South Yardley. It is served by Gilbertstone Primary School (Infants and Juniors), which has a pupil capacity of 400 including the nursery. In addition, there is a large recreation ground, Gilbertstone Recreation Ground, which is used by Tennis For Free, a charity promoting tennis.[18][19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gilbertstone Primary School: The Legend of Gilbertstone
  2. ^ Britannia, Plate 50, John Ogilby, 1675
  3. ^ a b c d Images of England: Yardley, Michael Byrne, 1995, Tempus Publishing (ISBN 0-7524-0339-7)
  4. ^ Report By British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1872
  5. ^ The Literary lounger, 1826, Lupton Relfe (London)
  6. ^ Proceedings of the Royal Colonial Institute (Page 379), Royal Commonwealth Society (Great Britain), 1899
  7. ^ Worcestershire Place Names, William Henry Duignan, 1905, H. Frowde
  8. ^ Land & Liberty, John Paul - United Committee for the Taxation of Land Values (Great Britain), 1919, John Paul
  9. ^ The Diaries of John Bright, John Bright, 1930, Cassell
  10. ^ Reminiscences of a Gentlewoman of the Last Century: Letters of Catherine Hutton, Catherine Hutton, 1891, Cornish
  11. ^ Victor Henry Thomas Skipp, Medieval Yardley: The Origin and Growth of a West Midland Community, 1970, Phillimore & Company Ltd.
  12. ^ Changing Suburbs: Foundation, Form and Function, page 84, Peter Larkham and Robert Harris, 1999, Spon Press UK (ISBN 041922050X)
  13. ^ British History Online: Oaklands County Primary School
  14. ^ Gilbertstone Primary School: School history
  15. ^ The final rollcall; Old pupils gather for a last reunion at doomed school, Birmingham Evening Mail, October 17, 1998
  16. ^ Gilbertstone Primary School: Opening day
  17. ^ First class: Airport cash transforms junior school, Birmingham Evening Mail, February 28, 2000
  18. ^ Birmingham Sport: Tennis For Free in Birmingham
  19. ^ Tennis for everyone in Brum, Birmingham Post, June 25, 2004

Coordinates: 52°27′39″N 01°48′07″W / 52.46083°N 1.80194°W / 52.46083; -1.80194