Giles County, Virginia
|Named for||William Branch Giles|
|• Total||360 sq mi (900 km2)|
|• Land||356 sq mi (920 km2)|
|• Water||4.6 sq mi (12 km2) 1.3%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||48/sq mi (19/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Giles County is the location of Mountain Lake, one of only two natural fresh water lakes in Virginia. The lake drains into Little Stony Creek, which passes over a waterfall known as The Cascades before reaching the New River.
Giles County was established in 1806 from Montgomery, Monroe, Wythe, and Tazewell counties. The county is named for William Branch Giles who was born in Amelia County in 1762. Giles became a lawyer and from there was elected to the United States House of Representatives where he served from 1790 to 1815. He also served in the Virginia General Assembly from 1816 to 1822. In 1827, he was elected Governor. In all, he served his nation and state around a total of forty years.
- Summers County, West Virginia – north
- Monroe County, West Virginia – north
- Craig County – east
- Montgomery County – southeast
- Pulaski County – south
- Bland County – west
- Mercer County, West Virginia – northwest
National protected area
- Jefferson National Forest (part)
- I-73 (future)
- US 219 (Federal Street)
- US 460 (Virginia Avenue)
- SR 42 (Virginia State Route 42) (disconnected; one piece comes in from Bland County to VA 100 while the other goes from U.S. 460 into Craig County)
- SR 61 (Wolf Creek Highway outside of Narrows)
- SR 100 (Virginia State Route 100)
- Norfolk Southern (Virginia Division)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 17,286 people, 7,215 households, and 4,899 families residing in the county. The population density was 48 people per square mile (18/km2). There were 8,319 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.74% White, 1.51% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.36% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 1.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,215 households, out of which 29.27% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.46% were married couples living together, 10.49% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.10% were non-families. 27.86% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.56% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.70% under the age of 18, 4.89% from 20 to 24, 23.85% from 25 to 44, 29.43% from 45 to 64, and 18.03% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.14 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.55 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $45,231, and the median income for a family was $53,750. Males had a median income of $41,521 versus $36,886 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,766. About 6.60% of families (2000 census) and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line(2012), including 17.70% of those under age 18 (2012)and 10.50% of those age 65 or over (2000 census).
Board of Supervisors
- At-Large District: Paul W. "Chappy" Baker (I)
- At-Large District: Richard "Ricky" McCoy (I)
- Central District: Barbara M. Hobbs (I)
- Eastern District: Larry "Jay" Williams (I)
- Western District: B. Scott Dunn (I)
- Clerk of the Circuit Court: C.L. "Bubbie" Fraley, III (I)
- Commissioner of the Revenue: Lisa Corell (I)
- Commonwealth's Attorney: Robert M. Lilly, Jr. (I)
- Sheriff: W. Morgan Millirons (I)
- Treasurer: Gerald W. Duncan (I)
Giles is represented by Democrat John S. Edwards in the Virginia Senate, Democrat Chris Hurst in the Virginia House of Delegates, and Republican H. Morgan Griffith in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Giles County has five incorporated towns. Only nine other counties have more towns than Giles. Of the 191 towns in Virginia, Glen Lyn is the fifth smallest in population. Thirty-nine percent of Giles residents live in one of the five towns.
Giles county is home to three public elementary/middle schools, two public high schools, and one technical school:
- Eastern Elementary/Middle School (Pembroke)
- Macy McClaugherty Elementary/Middle School (Pearisburg)
- Narrows Elementary/Middle School (Narrows)
- Giles High School (Pearisburg)
- Narrows High School (Narrows)
- Giles County Technology Center (Pearisburg)
The schools have a combined enrollment of 2425 as of mid 2014.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 14, 2019.
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- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 137.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
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- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-24.
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- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2020-12-09.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 23 May 2015. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "School Data" (PDF). Giles County. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2014-08-24.