Gilgal (kibbutz)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Gilgal, Bik'at HaYarden)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Gilgal
Dining room in Kibbutz Gilgal, Israel.JPG
Gilgal is located in the Central West Bank
Gilgal
Gilgal
Coordinates: 31°59′58.81″N 35°26′39.86″E / 31.9996694°N 35.4444056°E / 31.9996694; 35.4444056Coordinates: 31°59′58.81″N 35°26′39.86″E / 31.9996694°N 35.4444056°E / 31.9996694; 35.4444056
District Judea and Samaria Area
Council Bik'at HaYarden
Region West Bank
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1970
Founded by Nahal
Population (2017)[1] 180

Gilgal (Hebrew: גִּלְגָּל‬) is an Israeli settlement organized as a kibbutz in the West Bank.[2] Located in the Jordan Valley around 16 kilometres north of Jericho with an area of 1,400 dunams, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bik'at HaYarden Regional Council.[3] In 2017 it had a population of 180.

The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank illegal under international law, but the Israeli government disputes this.[4]

History[edit]

Gilgal was established in 1970 as a Nahal settlement. It was named for the ancient Biblical site of Gilgal,[5] which is thought to have been located at Khirbat al-Mafjar, two kilometres north-east of Jericho[6] and better known as the site of the Umayyads' Hisham's Palace. It was converted to a civilian kibbutz in 1973.[6]

Economy[edit]

Gilgal has invested millions of dollars in state-of-the-art water technology to boost its production of medjool dates. The system is based on the utilization of wastewater.[7]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Gilgal (-255m)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.0
(82.4)
33.5
(92.3)
40.5
(104.9)
44.7
(112.5)
46.5
(115.7)
47.5
(117.5)
48.1
(118.6)
49.0
(120.2)
45.7
(114.3)
44.2
(111.6)
37.9
(100.2)
32.5
(90.5)
49
(120.2)
Average high °C (°F) 20.1
(68.2)
21.6
(70.9)
25.6
(78.1)
30.3
(86.5)
35.6
(96.1)
38.7
(101.7)
40.4
(104.7)
40.0
(104)
37.7
(99.9)
33.8
(92.8)
27.7
(81.9)
22.1
(71.8)
31.1
(88.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
15.5
(59.9)
18.7
(65.7)
22.8
(73)
27.3
(81.1)
30.5
(86.9)
32.4
(90.3)
32.5
(90.5)
30.5
(86.9)
26.9
(80.4)
21.1
(70)
16.4
(61.5)
24.1
(75.4)
Average low °C (°F) 8.9
(48)
9.4
(48.9)
11.8
(53.2)
15.3
(59.5)
19.1
(66.4)
22.3
(72.1)
24.5
(76.1)
25.0
(77)
23.2
(73.8)
19.9
(67.8)
14.4
(57.9)
10.6
(51.1)
17
(62.7)
Record low °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
0.0
(32)
2.5
(36.5)
3.0
(37.4)
11.2
(52.2)
15.2
(59.4)
20.0
(68)
19.5
(67.1)
14.0
(57.2)
12.1
(53.8)
4.6
(40.3)
0.2
(32.4)
0
(32)
Source: Israel Meteorological Service[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  2. ^ We're Building Time Magazine
  3. ^ Settlements Bik'at HaYarden Regional Council
  4. ^ "The Geneva Convention". BBC News. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
  5. ^ Carta's Official Guide to Israel and Complete Gazetteer to all Sites in the Holy Land. (3rd edition 1993) Jerusalem, Carta, p.167, ISBN 965-220-186-3 (English)
  6. ^ a b Hela Crown-Tamir (2000) How to Walk in the Footsteps of Jesus and the Prophets: A Scripture Reference Guide for Biblical Sites in Israel and Jordan, Gefen Publishing House Ltd
  7. ^ Medjool Dates From Israel Wastewater Proving Favorite of Foodies Bloomberg
  8. ^ "Averages and Records for several places in Israel" (PDF). Israel Meteorological Service. January 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-01-30.