Gillenia trifoliata

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Gillenia trifoliata
Gillenia trifoliata.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Gillenia
G. trifoliata
Binomial name
Gillenia trifoliata
  • Porteranthus trifoliatus (L.) Britton
  • Spiraea trifoliata L.

Gillenia trifoliata (common names Bowman's root[1] and Indian physic[1]) is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae, native to eastern North America from Ontario to Georgia. It is an erect herbaceous perennial growing to 100 cm (39 in) tall by 60 cm (24 in) wide, with 3-palmate leaves and pale pink flowers with narrow petals and reddish calyces above red coloured stems in spring and summer.[2]

This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3][4]

The root was dried and powdered by Native Americans and used as both a laxative and emetic.[5]


  1. ^ a b c "Gillenia trifoliata". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 25 January 2018.
  2. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
  3. ^ "Gillenia trifoliata AGM". RHS Plant Finder. Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
  4. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 43. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  5. ^ Niering, William A.; Olmstead, Nancy C. (1985) [1979]. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Wildflowers, Eastern Region. Knopf. p. 751. ISBN 0-394-50432-1.

External links[edit]

Media related to Gillenia trifoliata at Wikimedia Commons