Gilles Dauvé

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gilles Dauvé
OccupationSchool teacher
Known forCommunization theory

Gilles Dauvé (pen name Jean Barrot; born 1947) is a French ultra-left political theorist, school teacher, and translator,[1] associated with the development of communization theory.


In collaboration with other left communists such as François Martin and Karl Nesic, Dauvé has attempted to fuse, critique, and develop different left communist currents, most notably the Italian movement associated with Amadeo Bordiga (and its heretical journal Invariance), German-Dutch council communism, and the French perspectives associated with Socialisme ou Barbarie and the Situationist International.[2] He has focused on theoretical discussions of economic issues concerning the controversial failure of Second International, Marxism (including both Social Democracy and Leninist Communism), the global revolutionary upsurge of the 1960s and its subsequent dissolution, and on developments in global capitalist accumulation and class struggle.[citation needed]

Among English-speaking communists and anarchists, Dauvé is best known for his Eclipse and Re-emergence of the Communist Movement, first published by Black & Red Press (Detroit, Michigan) in 1974 and Critique of the Situationist International, first published in Red Eye, Berkeley, California. An essay from the first pamphlet, and the whole of the second article, were reprinted by Unpopular Books in London as What is Communism (1983) and What is Situationism respectively, in 1987. The first pamphlet was reprinted with a new foreword in 1997 by Antagonism (London). It includes Dauvé's own translations of two of his articles and one by François Martin, both originally published in Le Mouvement Communiste at the Wayback Machine (archived October 28, 2009) (Paris: Champ Libre, 1972). These articles develop Bordiga's critique of Second International productivism in light of Marx's writings on formal and real subsumption and the global uprisings of 1968, and theory of communization by drawing on council communist and Situationist traditions.[citation needed]

Dauvé also participated in the journal La Banquise, which he edited with Karl Nesic and others from 1983 to 1986. This sought to develop the new communist program suggested in Le Mouvement Communiste through a critical appraisal of post-1968 radical politics, including Situationist and autonomist experiments. It also developed the theory of society's real subsumption into capital. The editors describe their aims and influences in The Story of Our Origins at the Wayback Machine (archived October 28, 2009) (La Banquise, 2, 1983).

More recently, Dauvé, along with Nesic and others, has published the irregular journal Troploin, featuring articles on the collapse of both Leninist and Keynesian regimes of accumulation and the transition to "globalized" neoliberal expansion, the Middle Eastern conflicts, September 11, and the rhetoric and logic of the War on Terrorism. Many have been translated into English by Dauvé himself and are archived on the Troploin website.[citation needed]


In English[edit]

In French[edit]

  • Jean Barrot, Le Mouvement communiste, Champ Libre, 1972.
  • Jean Barrot, Communisme et question russe, La Tête de feuilles, 1972.
  • Jean Barrot, La Gauche communiste en Allemagne, 1918-1921, Payot, 1976.
  • Jean Barrot, Bilan, Contre-révolution en Espagne 1936-1939, Paris, U.G.E. 10/18, 1979.( téléchargeable cf. liens externes)
  • Collectif, Libertaires et « ultra-gauche » contre le négationnisme, préf. Gilles Perrault, ill. Tony Johannot, contributions de Pierre Rabcor, François-Georges Lavacquerie, Serge Quadruppani, Gilles Dauvé, en annexe : Les Ennemis de nos ennemis ne sont pas forcément nos amis (mai 1992), Paris, Réflex, 1996.
  • Gilles Dauvé, Banlieue molle, HB Éditions, 1997
  • Gilles Dauvé, Quand meurent les Insurrections, ADEL, 1999
  • Denis Authier, Gilles Dauvé, Ni parlement, ni syndicats: Les conseils ouvriers!, Les Nuits rouges, 2003
  • Gilles Dauvé, Karl Nesic, Au-delà de la démocratie, L'Harmattan, 2009

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "PM Press Author: Gilles Dauvé". PM Press. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
  2. ^ "Re-collecting our past - La Banquise". The text surveys the Italian and German lefts, Socialisme Ou Barbarie and the Situationist International and describes the theoretical development of the French ultra-left.
  3. ^ "ECLIPSE & RE-EMERGENCE OF THE COMMUNIST MOVEMENT by Jean Barrot and Francois Martin". Archived from the original on 2011-09-13. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
  4. ^ "Eclipse and Re-Emergence of the Communist Movement".

External links[edit]