||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2014)|
Gilles Perrault (born March 9, 1931, Paris) is a French enlisted writer and journalist. He attended the Collège Stanislas de Paris and then studied at the Institut d'études politiques, eventually becoming a lawyer, a profession he worked in for five years.
After the success of his essay 'Les parachutistes' (1961), inspired by his military service in Algeria, he became a journalist and wrote articles about Nehru's India, the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo and the problems of African Americans in the United States. He then investigated less well-known aspects of World War II.
Le Secret du jour J (1964) (Secrets of D-Day, 1974) won a prize from the Comité d'action de la Résistance and was an international bestseller. L'Orchestre rouge (1967) was even more successful. In 1969 Perrault published a spy novel, Le dossier 51. In 1978, Gilles Perrault published Le Pull-over rouge, a novel in which he criticized the method of investigation done by the French police around the 1974 death of an 8-year old girl. Christian Ranucci, a French citizen, was executed by guillotine for the murder on 28 July 1976. Perrault's case, calling Ranucci's guilt into question, held a great influence in the debate upon capital punishment in France. It has reportedly had a notable impact upon a part of public opinion, having sold over 1 million copies. Perrault was condemned twice, however, for his claims and papers about this case: in 1990 for having talked in a TV program of "abuse of authority" about the policemen in charge of the investigation (fined 40,000 francs to each person defamed at first instance, and 70,000 francs to each of the five plaintiffs on appeal, as well as the presenter); and in 2008 he and his publisher Fayard were found guilty of defamation toward the Marseille police in the book L'Ombre de Christian Ranucci (fined 5,000 euros and his editor an equal sum, a decision confirmed on appeal in 2009 and granted 10,000 euros in damages to each of the four policemen defamed).
In 1980, he created the TV Series Julien Fontanes, magistrat with Jean Cosmos.
In 1990 Perrault published Notre ami le roi (Our Friend the King, 1993) about the regime and human rights abuses of Hassan II, at the time king of Morocco, who had until then been reported positively because of his close relations with the Western world. Perrault's book Le Garçon aux yeux gris (2001) was adapted by André Téchiné for the film Les Égarés.
- Le Secret du Jour J 1964 (Secrets of-D-Day 1974)
- L'orchestre rouge 1967
- Le dossier 51 1969
- Le Pull-over rouge 1978 ISBN 2-253-02543-7
- Un homme à part 1984 (A Man Apart: the Life of Henri Curiel ISBN 0-86232-660-5 (pbk.) : 0862326591)
- Notre ami le roi 1990 (1993 ISBN 2-07-032695-0)
- Le jardin de l'Observatoire 1995
- L'ombre de Christian Ranucci 2006
- 50 ans de faits divers, "Christian Ranucci : la vérité impossible", Planète+ Justice, July 13, 2006.
- Gilles Perrault et son éditeur condamnés pour diffamation, 27 janvier 2009, La Provence
- Biblioweb : biography, bibliography (French)