Gillian Elise Avery (30 September 1926 – 31 January 2016) was a British children's novelist and historian of childhood education and children's literature. She won the Guardian Children's Fiction Prize in 1972, for A Likely Lad. It was adapted for television in 1990.
Gillian Avery was born in Reigate, Surrey, and attended Dunottar School there. She worked first as a journalist on the Surrey Mirror, then for Chambers's Encyclopaedia and Oxford University Press. In 1952 she married the literary scholar A. O. J. Cockshut, with whom she moved to Manchester, returning to Oxford in 1966.
She is the author of several studies of the history of education and of children's literature, and that scholarly interest is reflected in her own books for children, which are set in Victorian England. The first, The Warden's Niece (1957), is a witty adventure story in which Maria runs away from her stultifying boarding school to live with her great-uncle, the head of an Oxford college. He decides to let her stay, impressed by her academic ambitions (she wants to become Professor of Greek), and she proves her abilities as a researcher by uncovering a piece of history from the English Civil War. Characters from The Warden's Niece reappear in The Elephant War (1960), which is about an attempt to prevent the sale of Jumbo by the London Zoo to P. T. Barnum, and in The Italian Spring (1962).
Beside winning the Guardian Prize for A Likely Lad, Gillian Avery was three times a commended runner-up for the Carnegie Medal from the Library Association,which recognises the year's best children's book by a British writer: for The Warden's Niece (1957), The Greatest Gresham (1962) and A Likely Lad (1971).[a]
Avery died in January 2016 at the age of 89.
- Children’s books
- The Warden's Niece (1957, U.S. 1963) ‡
- Trespassers at Charlcote (1958)
- James Without Thomas (1959)
- The Elephant War (1960, U.S. 1971), illustrated by John Verney ‡
- To Tame a Sister (1961), illustrated by John Verney
- The Greatest Gresham (1962)
- The Peacock House (1963)
- The Italian Spring (1964, U.S. 1972), illustrated by John Verney ‡
- Call of the Valley (1968)
- A Likely Lad (Collins, 1971), illustrated by Faith Jaques
- Ellen's Birthday (1971)
- Ellen and the Queen (1972), illustrated by Krystyna Turska
- Huck and her Time Machine (1977)
- Mouldy's Orphan (1978), illustrated by Faith Jaques
- ‡ The Warden's Niece and its sequels The Elephant War and The Italian Spring were published in the U.S. several years after their first editions. The first and third were reissued many years later as Maria Escapes (1992) and Maria's Italian Spring (1993).
- Naomi Lewis reviewed The Elephant War as "the fourth of this author's witty and exhilarating stories about children and their elders living in Victorian Oxfordshire. The dialogue alone would make them a pleasure to read—though, since most of the fathers are wardens or dons, the reader does need to be a fairly literate child." The Observer, 11 December 1960, p. 28.
- Mrs Ewing (London: Bodley Head, 1961) —about Juliana Horatia Ewing
- Childhood's Pattern: A Study of the Heroes and Heroines of Children's Fiction, 1770–1950 (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1975)
- The Best Type of Girl: A History of Girls' Independent Schools (London, 1991)
- Behold the Child: American Children and Their Books, 1621–1922 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994)
- Cheltenham Ladies: An Illustrated History of the Cheltenham Ladies' College (London: James & James Ltd, 2003)
- As editor
- The Journal of Emily Pepys (London: Prospect, 1984)
- Since 1995 there are usually eight books on the Carnegie shortlist. According to CCSU, some runners up through 2002 were Commended (from 1955) or Highly Commended (from 1966); the Highly Commended distinction became approximately annual in 1979. There were about 160 commendations of both kinds in 48 years including six for 1957, six 1962 and three 1971 (no high commendations).
- "Guardian children's fiction prize relaunched: Entry details and list of past winners". guardian.co.uk 12 March 2001. Retrieved 2012-08-06.
- A Likely Lad on IMDb.
- Cadogan, 57.
- Cadogan, 57; Carpenter and Prichard, 38–39.
- "Carnegie Medal Award". 2007(?). Curriculum Lab. Elihu Burritt Library. Central Connecticut State University (CCSU). Retrieved 2012-08-09.
- Cadogan, Mary, 'Avery, Gillian (Elise)', Twentieth Century Children's Writers, ed. D.L. Kirkpatrick (London: Macmillan, 1978), 57–9.
- Carpenter, Humphrey and Prichard, Mari, The Oxford Companion to Children’s Literature (Oxford:OUP) 1984, 38–9.
- Townsend, John Rowe, Written for Children (Harmondsworth: Penguin) ed. 3 1987, 255–6