Gilpin County, Colorado

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Gilpin County, Colorado
Gilpin Combined Court.JPG
The Gilpin Combined Court, the county courthouse.
Seal of Gilpin County, Colorado
Seal
Map of Colorado highlighting Gilpin County
Location in the U.S. state of Colorado
Map of the United States highlighting Colorado
Colorado's location in the U.S.
Founded November 1, 1861
Named for William Gilpin
Seat Central City
Largest city Central City
Area
 • Total 150 sq mi (388 km2)
 • Land 150 sq mi (388 km2)
 • Water 0.4 sq mi (1 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 5,828
 • Density 36/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.co.gilpin.co.us

Gilpin County is the second-least extensive of the 64 counties of the U.S. state of Colorado, behind only the City and County of Broomfield. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,441.[1] The county seat is Central City.[2] The county was formed in 1861, while Colorado was still a Territory, and was named after Colonel William Gilpin,[3] the first Governor of the Territory of Colorado.

Gilpin County is part of the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

1904 broadside bird's eye view or map of Gilpin County, Colorado, issued by the Gilpin County Chamber of Commerce and the Colorado map publisher George Samuel Clason

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 150 square miles (390 km2), of which 150 square miles (390 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4] It is the second-smallest county by area in Colorado.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

State protected area[edit]

Scenic trail and byway[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 5,490
1880 6,489 18.2%
1890 5,867 −9.6%
1900 6,690 14.0%
1910 4,131 −38.3%
1920 1,364 −67.0%
1930 1,212 −11.1%
1940 1,625 34.1%
1950 850 −47.7%
1960 685 −19.4%
1970 1,272 85.7%
1980 2,441 91.9%
1990 3,070 25.8%
2000 4,757 55.0%
2010 5,441 14.4%
Est. 2016 5,931 [5] 9.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 4,757 people, 2,043 households, and 1,264 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 2,929 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.37% White, 0.53% Black or African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.69% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 1.53% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. 4.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,043 households out of which 26.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 5.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.10% were non-families. 26.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.10% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 37.40% from 25 to 44, 30.00% from 45 to 64, and 5.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 112.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $51,942, and the median income for a family was $61,859. Males had a median income of $38,560 versus $30,820 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,148. About 1.00% of families and 4.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.40% of those under age 18 and 6.10% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Gilpin County vote
by party in presidential elections
[11]
Year Republican Democratic Others
2016 43.8% 1,566 45.7% 1,634 10.5% 376
2012 40.3% 1,346 56.7% 1,892 3.0% 100
2008 38.1% 1,283 59.1% 1,990 2.9% 96
2004 41.6% 1,329 56.5% 1,807 1.9% 60
2000 40.8% 1,006 44.6% 1,099 14.6% 360
1996 38.1% 682 44.7% 799 17.2% 308
1992 26.3% 462 41.3% 726 32.5% 571
1988 45.8% 728 50.6% 804 3.7% 58
1984 57.0% 896 40.4% 634 2.6% 41
1980 50.0% 694 31.8% 441 18.2% 252
1976 41.2% 451 51.4% 563 7.4% 81
1972 57.0% 516 40.0% 362 3.0% 27
1968 52.6% 358 32.0% 218 15.4% 105
1964 38.8% 233 60.5% 363 0.7% 4
1960 58.6% 315 41.5% 223 0.0% 0
1956 61.7% 394 38.2% 244 0.2% 1
1952 60.4% 357 38.6% 228 1.0% 6
1948 49.4% 302 48.5% 296 2.1% 13
1944 55.9% 272 43.7% 213 0.4% 2
1940 48.7% 413 50.8% 431 0.6% 5
1936 29.8% 321 68.3% 736 1.9% 20
1932 32.5% 271 64.6% 539 3.0% 25
1928 55.2% 299 43.5% 236 1.3% 7
1924 54.8% 361 24.4% 161 20.8% 137
1920 67.0% 416 30.4% 189 2.6% 16
1916 34.2% 407 64.1% 763 1.8% 21
1912 26.7% 443 56.0% 931 17.3% 288

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other[edit]

Historic district[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 138. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 8, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 8, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°52′N 105°31′W / 39.86°N 105.52°W / 39.86; -105.52