Gilpin Township, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania

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Gilpin Township, Pennsylvania
Township
Pennsylvania Route 66 in Gilpin Township
Pennsylvania Route 66 in Gilpin Township
Map of Armstrong County, Pennsylvania highlighting Gilpin Township
Map of Armstrong County, Pennsylvania highlighting Gilpin Township
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Armstrong County
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Armstrong County
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Armstrong
Settled 1814
Incorporated 1878
Government
 • Type Board of Supervisors
 • Supervisor Dennis Rowe
 • Supervisor Susan Brown
 • Supervisor Kris Kulick
 • Supervisor Charles Stull
 • Supervisor Linda Alworth
Area[1]
 • Total 17.14 sq mi (44.40 km2)
 • Land 16.45 sq mi (42.61 km2)
 • Water 0.69 sq mi (1.80 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,496
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 2,417
 • Density 146.93/sq mi (56.73/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
FIPS code 42-005-29184
Allegheny River Lock and Dam No. 5 overlooking Schenley from South Buffalo Township.

Gilpin Township is a Second class Township in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 2,496.[3]

History[edit]

Settled in 1814, Gilpin Township was originally merged with the neighboring townships of Bethel and Parks, known as Allegheny Township. In 1878, finding it was too large to manage and supervise, the three split and Gilpin Township was incorporated. Gilpin Township is home to many small villages and communities such as Schenley, Aladdin, Forks Church, Johnetta, Godfrey Landing, Georgetown, Baghdad, and Banfield, each of which have a large history of their own.

The earliest industries of the township were the sawmills of Michael Barrickman and Philip Klingensmith, the former on Elder's run and the latter on the same run, but higher up. The first was built in 1812 and the last in 1817. In 1914, Gilpin Township was, so far as manufacturing was concerned, possibly ahead of any other in the country, it being right at the junction of the Kiskiminetas and Allegheny rivers, so giving drainage to manufacturing sites which can scarcely be excelled by any township in the several counties adjoining.

Johnetta

The town of Johnetta, established in 1892 and dissolved in 1930, is located at one of the most beautiful points in the Allegheny valley, the houses being built on a high bluff overlooking the river. Each house was surrounded by a large plot of ground suitable for gardening, and fruit and shade trees were planted along the streets. The town depended entirely upon the operations of the Pittsburgh-Buffalo Company, controlled by the Jones interests. John H. Jones, president of the company, residing there all the year round. The town was thoroughly sewered and supplied with good water, so that a more picturesque and healthful manufacturing location could not be imagined. The amusement hall was an interesting feature of the town. It contained standard bowling alleys, billiard and pool tables, a refreshment stand, and a large roller skating rink, which was also used for a meeting place and for popular entertainments. The town consisted of 140 frame houses, sixteen brick residences, a store, schoolhouse, and the Johnetta Memorial Church, presided over by Rev. Walter Kennedy. The houses were heated by gas taken from the company's own wells. The population was 662, of which about 500 are employees of the company. The Johnetta Plant of the United States Sewer Pipe Company utilized the famous Kittanning clay for the manufacture of refractory products. This clay immediately underlied the Kittanning coal, which was mined in advance of the clay, and which found a ready market at the northern lake ports. The clay seam was about 15 feet in thickness, of exceptional purity, and adapted to the manufacture of pavers, high-grade face brick and sewer pipe.

Bagdad

Four miles above Schenley, on the Kiskiminetas river, and two miles below Leechburg is the old village of Bagdad, famous in canal days and since. It was at this old town, or a short distance below it, that a point on the Pennsylvania canal known for years as "Wherry's Defeat" was located. The following incident or disaster gave rise to this name. When building this section of the canal the late James Wherry, of South Bend township, this county, had the contract, and it was found necessary to build an extensive riprap or retaining wall sloping from the edge of the towpath to the river. Just when it was nearing completion the Old "Kiski" got on one of her "tears" and swept away the work of months and with it several thousand dollars of the contractors' hard earned and not too plentiful money. The wall was rebuilt. Bagdad became prominent as a salt producing company, and some of the best wells along this river, famous then for this industry, were drilled at this place and above and below it, most of the salt boilers and miners lived in the little village. Among the old-time salt manufacturers were Daniel Hill, David Lynch, Daniel Kistler, Capt. Samuel Kistler and his brother John. There were also Clines, Stulls, Shusters, Sherbondies, Shirys, Klingensmiths, and Walters and a host of others, the long roll of which it is impossible now to record.

Schenley and Aladdin

In 1888 the Schenley Distilling Company was established at the junction of the Allegheny and the Kiskiminetas rivers, in Gilpin township and the village has been called after the company ever since. They had five warehouses, with a capacity of 10,000 barrels per year, and employed thirty men, who, with their families, composed the population of the village of Schenley — about 150 souls. The capitalization of the company was $400,000. The place also had two stores and a school. One of the large warehouses was burned in July, 1912, entailing a loss of $350,000, over one hundred barrels of whiskey being burned.

In 1894 a coal works was started at Aladdin to work the Freeport vein of coal, which could be mined by "drifting," as it was termed. A company composed of miners undertook to run this, but were unable to finance it, and in 1898 the works were purchased by Joseph G. Beale, of Leechburg, who was already in the coal business at that place. He operated the works, the opening being on the Buffalo & Allegheny division of the Pennsylvania Railroad, formerly known in Armstrong county history as the Allegheny Valley Railroad. This company was chartered as the Aladdin Coal Company. In 1890 a Greek named William Porterie came to Schenley, having in some way heard of the pitch or waste from the cannel coal oil and for several years made a considerable sum distilling and melting the residue, which he dug up on the grounds of the old North American Oil Works. In the meantime, he built quite a large candy factory at Aladdin station, and having acquired some lands from the Schenley estate, owned by Mary Schenley of England, who was still living at that time, he drilled for gas and was rewarded by striking a good flow. He put down other wells and for several years furnished the Enterprise Gas Company of Freeport, and also the Leechburg Gaslight and Fuel Company of Leechburg, with gas, so that this little point right at the junction of the Allegheny and Kiskiminetas had been one of the most important for its area of any place in the county.

Geography[edit]

Pennsylvania Route 66 is the main highway that runs through the township, with Leechburg Borough and Parks Township at each entrance. Gilpin is bordered on the west by the Allegheny River and to the south by the Kiskiminetas River. The community of Schenley is located within Gilpin Township at the confluence of the two rivers. Murphy Island is within the township in the Allegheny River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Gilpin Township has a total area of 17.1 square miles (44.4 km2), of which 16.4 square miles (42.6 km2) is land and 0.69 square miles (1.8 km2), or 4.05%, is water.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
20102,496
Est. 20162,417[2]−3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 2,587 people, 1,034 households, and 768 families residing in the township. The population density was 157.0 people per square mile (60.6/km²). There were 1,114 housing units at an average density of 67.6/sq mi (26.1/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.99% White, 1.01% African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.04% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.19% of the population.

There were 1,034 households, out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.7% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the township the population was spread out, with 20.4% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.1 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $38,958, and the median income for a family was $47,652. Males had a median income of $37,500 versus $22,011 for females. The per capita income for the township was $17,520. About 6.0% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 13, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Gilpin township, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

Coordinates: 40°39′53″N 79°37′59″W / 40.66472°N 79.63306°W / 40.66472; -79.63306