Gin Gin, Queensland
Bruce Highway passing through Gin Gin
|Population||1,053 (2016 census)|
It is located on the Bruce Highway, approximately 51 kilometres (32 mi) west of Bundaberg and 370 kilometres (230 mi) north-west of Brisbane, the state capital. The town owes its existence to its strategic location about halfway between Brisbane and Rockhampton. It is often used as a stop-over point for drivers travelling between these two centres. In the 2011 census, Gin Gin had a population of 1,190 people.
The town name Gin Gin has sometimes been said to derive from a local Aboriginal word indicating "red soil thick scrub". However, it has also been postulated that the name comes from the Western Australian locality of Gingin. In the early 1850s, Arthur and Alfred Henry Brown who may have owned the Gingin pastoral property in the western colony, bought the large sheep station of Tirroan from William Forster which encompassed most of the Bundaberg region. Upon completion of the deal, the Brown brothers renamed the run Gin Gin after the property on the other side of the continent. The run was later purchased by Sir Thomas McIlwraith, who was Premier of Queensland three times between 1879 and 1893. The modern town of Gin Gin is located close to where the original homestead was constructed.
British occupation of the region began in 1848 when Gregory Blaxland Jnr (son of the explorer Gregory Blaxland) together with William Forster brought their flocks of sheep up from their squatting leases on the Clarence River. The area they selected extended all the way to the coast and they called it Tirroan. Strong resistance from the local Aboriginal people was encountered resulting in the death of several shepherds and the killing of Blaxland in August 1850. Two large massacres of Aboriginals were conducted by local squatters and their stockmen as punitive measures to these deaths.
The Gin Gin district is nicknamed Wild Scotsman Country due to the capture of one of Queensland's few bushrangers, James Alpin McPherson, in the area on 30 March 1866. McPherson, who went by the same nickname, was captured at Monduran Station, 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) north of town.
Gin Gin Post Office opened on 15 March 1875.
Gin Gin Provisional School opened on 26 June 1882. It closed on 31 October 1890 to be replaced by Gin Gin State School which opened on 3 November 1890 with 8 students under teacher Arthur William Moore. In 1956, the school expanded to offer secondary schooling, until a separate Gin Gin State High School was established on 1 February 1972. Gin Gin State Pre-School opened on 25 October 1977 and closed in 2006 when it was absorbed into Gin Gin State School.
The Gin Gin Library opened in 1992.
Gin Gin has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
Gin Gin, like Bundaberg, is heavily dependent on the sugar industry, with sugarcane plantations dotted throughout the area. An extensive system of sugar cane tramways service the area. Cattle production also features prominently. In recent years small cropping has taken off across farms in the district, with varied success.
Gin Gin State School opened in 1882 with only one teacher in one building. Now it caters for around 450 students, mainly of rural background. As well as the students from Gin Gin itself, many students travel, mainly by bus, from surrounding properties and townships like Wallaville, Bullyard, Tirroan, McIlwraith, Maroondan and Mount Perry.
The Wild Scotsman Festival used to be held in Gin Gin on the third week of March each year to commemorate the capture of the bushranger James MacPherson. The Wild Scotsman Markets are held next to the historical Grounds each Saturday morning.
In popular culture
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Gin Gin (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
- "Gin Gin (town) (entry 13801)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- "Gin Gin (entry 44721)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Gin Gin (Qld) (SSC)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
- Laurie, Arthur. "Early Gin Gin and the Blaxland Tragedy" (PDF). University of Queensland Library. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
- "GIN GIN STATION". The Courier-mail (128). Queensland, Australia. 24 January 1934. p. 17. Retrieved 16 October 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- "Agency ID5238, Gin Gin State School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- "Agency ID4901, Gin Gin State High School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- "Agency ID52, Gin Gin State Pre-School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
- "Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. p. 15. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Gin Gin Railway Station and Complex (entry 601651)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- The Gin Gin Central Mill Tramway Armstrong, J. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, March, 1975 pp53-69
- "Locations & Hours". Bundaberg Regional Council. Archived from the original on 31 January 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
- "Branch Locations". Queensland Country Women's Association. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
- "Gin Gin". Sydney Morning Herald. 8 Feb 2004. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Gin Gin (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
Media related to Gin Gin, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons