|Founded by||Polish and Russian immigrants|
Ginegar (Hebrew: גִּנֵּיגָר), is a kibbutz in northern Israel not far from Nazareth. Located near Migdal HaEmek, it falls under the jurisdiction of Jezreel Valley Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 655.
In the late 19th century, towards the end of the Ottoman era, there was a small Arab village here called Junjar. In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Junjar as a small adobe village, at the foot of the hills, supplied by a well.
Gottlieb Schumacher, as part of surveying for the construction of the Jezreel Valley railway, noted in 1900 that Junjar had increased slightly (compared with the SWP-findings), and it then numbered 16 huts and had about 70 inhabitants.
British Mandate era
Jinjar (Arab village)
The kibbutz was established in 1922 in the Lower Galilee on the eve of Rosh Hashanah. The Kibbutz was named after the ancient well of Gingar, which can today still be found under the laundry. The kibbutz founders, working at moshavim in the area at the time, came in the second and third Aliyahs. They joined together in 1920 to establish Degania Gimel south of Degania Bet, at a site later used by kibbutz Beit Zera. From here they needed to move due to a lack of land, and so they arrived at Ginegar, which is believed to be a distortion of Nagnager, a village in the Galilee cited in the Talmud.
On the kibbutz is a large plastics factory, also named Ginegar. The factory produces mainly plastic products for agriculture. Ginegar accepted volunteers who lived and worked on the kibbutz for many years, but the volunteer program was eventually phased out.
- "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- from the name of a herb, according to Palmer, 1881, p. 147
- Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP II, p. 41
- Schumacher, 1900, p. 358
- List of villages sold by Sursocks and their partners to the Zionists since British occupation of Palestine, evidence to the Shaw Commission, 1930
- Grootkerk, 2000, pp. 280-1
- Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Nazareth, p.38
- Barron, 1923, Table XVI, p. 51
- Kibbutz Ginegar: After declaration, before forest
- Ginegar: Early Days
- Mills, 1932, p. 73
- If you build it, they will come, Jerusalem Post
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ginegar.|
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, Herbert H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Grootkerk, Salomon E. (2000). Ancient sites in Galilee: a toponymic gazetteer (Illustrated ed.). BRILL. ISBN 978-90-04-11535-4.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund. "beetles"; a ruined tower p. 146)
- Schumacher, G. (1900). "Reports from Galilee". Quarterly statement - Palestine Exploration Fund. 32: 355–360.
- Official website (Hebrew)
- Pictures: the first years of the kibbutz, landscape
- Pictures: the first years of the kibbutz, daily life
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 8: IAA, Wikimedia commons