Ginegar

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Ginegar
PikiWiki Israel 28743 Kibbutz Ginegar.JPG
Ginegar is located in Israel
Ginegar
Ginegar
Coordinates: 32°39′50.03″N 35°15′29.87″E / 32.6638972°N 35.2582972°E / 32.6638972; 35.2582972Coordinates: 32°39′50.03″N 35°15′29.87″E / 32.6638972°N 35.2582972°E / 32.6638972; 35.2582972
District Northern
Council Jezreel Valley
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1922
Founded by Polish and Russian immigrants
Population (2015)[1] 655
Website www.ginegar.net

Ginegar (Hebrew: גִּנֵּיגָר‎), is a kibbutz in northern Israel not far from Nazareth. Located near Migdal HaEmek, it falls under the jurisdiction of Jezreel Valley Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 655.

History[edit]

Ottoman era[edit]

In the late 19th century, towards the end of the Ottoman era, there was a small Arab village here called Junjar.[2] In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Junjar as a small adobe village, at the foot of the hills, supplied by a well.[3]

Gottlieb Schumacher, as part of surveying for the construction of the Jezreel Valley railway, noted in 1900 that Junjar had increased slightly (compared with the SWP-findings), and it then numbered 16 huts and had about 70 inhabitants.[4]

British Mandate era[edit]

Jinjar (Arab village)[edit]

In 1921, 4,000 dunums of land in Jinjar was sold to Zionist groups by the Sursock family, its absentee landlords in Lebanon. At the time, there were 25 families living there.[5][6]

At the time of the 1922 census of Palestine Jenjar had a population of 175; 13 Jews, 118 Muslims and 44 Christian,[7] where the Christians were 31 Orthodox and 13 Roman Catholics.[8]

Kibbutz Ginegar[edit]

The kibbutz was established in 1922 in the Lower Galilee on the eve of Rosh Hashanah. The Kibbutz was named after the ancient well of Gingar, which can today still be found under the laundry. The kibbutz founders, working at moshavim in the area at the time, came in the second and third Aliyahs. They joined together in 1920 to establish Degania Gimel south of Degania Bet, at a site later used by kibbutz Beit Zera. From here they needed to move due to a lack of land, and so they arrived at Ginegar, which is believed to be a distortion of Nagnager,[9] a village in the Galilee cited in the Talmud.[10]

Kibbutz Ginegar Culture hall

In 1928, the Jewish National Fund recruited members of Ginegar to plant Balfour Forest, its first forestation project.[9]

In the 1931 census it had a population of 109, all Jews, in a total of 17 houses.[11]

Economy[edit]

On the kibbutz is a large plastics factory, also named Ginegar. The factory produces mainly plastic products for agriculture. Ginegar accepted volunteers who lived and worked on the kibbutz for many years, but the volunteer program was eventually phased out.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ from the name of a herb, according to Palmer, 1881, p. 147
  3. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP II, p. 41
  4. ^ Schumacher, 1900, p. 358
  5. ^ List of villages sold by Sursocks and their partners to the Zionists since British occupation of Palestine, evidence to the Shaw Commission, 1930
  6. ^ Grootkerk, 2000, pp. 280-1
  7. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Nazareth, p.38
  8. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XVI, p. 51
  9. ^ a b Kibbutz Ginegar: After declaration, before forest
  10. ^ Ginegar: Early Days
  11. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 73
  12. ^ If you build it, they will come, Jerusalem Post

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]