Ginger Snaps (film)
|Directed by||John Fawcett|
|Edited by||Brett Sullivan|
|Music by||Mike Shields|
|Distributed by||Motion International|
|Budget||$4.5 million: 16|
Ginger Snaps is a 2000 Canadian supernatural horror film directed by John Fawcett, who also co-wrote the film with Karen Walton. It stars Emily Perkins and Katharine Isabelle as two teenage sisters who have a fascination with death. The film's supporting cast includes Kris Lemche, Jesse Moss, Danielle Hampton, John Bourgeois, Peter Keleghan and Mimi Rogers.
After premiering at the Munich Fantasy Filmfest and screening at the 2000 Toronto International Film Festival, the film was released in theatres to commercial and critical success. It has amassed a cult following since its release. It was followed by a sequel, Ginger Snaps 2: Unleashed, and a prequel, Ginger Snaps Back: The Beginning, which were filmed back-to-back and both released in 2004.
In Bailey Downs, a rash of dog killings has been occurring. Brigitte and Ginger Fitzgerald are teenage sisters who harbor a fascination with death and, as children, formed a pact to move out of the suburb or die together by the age of 16. One night, while on the way to kidnap a dog owned by school bully Trina Sinclair, Ginger begins her first period. The scent of blood results in the girls being attacked by the creature responsible for the maulings. The creature bites and wounds Ginger, and Brigitte rescues her. As the girls flee, the creature is run over by a van belonging to Sam Miller, a local drug dealer.
Following the attack, Ginger undergoes transformations that concern Brigitte. Ginger's wounds heal quickly, and she soon starts to behave aggressively, grow hair from her scars, sprout a tail, and menstruate heavily. Ignoring Brigitte's warnings, Ginger has unprotected sex with a classmate named Jason McCardy, furiously beats Trina in public, and kills a neighbor's dog. Brigitte finds Sam for information on what his van struck, and they agree that Ginger was attacked by a werewolf and is transforming into one. At Sam's suggestion, Brigitte tries a silver ring piercing treatment on Ginger, but it proves to be ineffective. Sam then suggests infusing an extract of monkshood, a perennial plant only found in the spring.
Trina shows up at the Fitzgerald house to accuse Ginger of kidnapping her dog. She fights with Ginger and is accidentally killed. The sisters narrowly avoid their parents while hiding the body in a freezer. Brigitte accidentally breaks off two of Trina's fingers while trying to remove the corpse, and the fingers are misplaced while burying Trina in the tool shed. Brigitte tells her sister she cannot go out anymore, but Ginger remains defiant.
On Halloween, Brigitte takes monkshood purchased by her mother for a craft project and asks Sam to make the cure. Sam successfully creates a monkshood extract. While trying to track down Ginger, Brigitte is attacked by Jason (who was infected by Ginger due to unprotected sex), and she defends herself by using the monkshood syringe on him. She witnesses his immediate change in behavior, which proves it is a cure. At school, Brigitte discovers Ginger's murder of a faculty member and witnesses her killing another. Ginger then discloses her intent to target Sam next at the Greenhouse Bash, a Halloween party hosted by him, leaving Brigitte alone.
The girls' mother finds the fingers and Trina's corpse, and goes looking for her daughters. She finds Brigitte and picks her up. As she drives Brigitte to the Greenhouse Bash, she tells her that she will protect them at all costs. Brigitte arrives at the party to find Ginger hurting Sam for rejecting her sexual advances. Brigitte wounds Ginger's and her own palm and clasps their hands together, infecting herself with Ginger's blood. She convinces Ginger of her loyalty and genuine willingness to help her. As the sisters leave, Brigitte decides to abandon her mother. Outside, Ginger feels her transformation approaching and Sam knocks her unconscious with a shovel. Brigitte and Sam take Ginger back to the Fitzgerald house in his van to prepare more of the cure for her.
Ginger regains consciousness and fully transforms into a werewolf on the way home and escapes the van. Aware that she has transformed, Sam and Brigitte hide in the pantry as Sam makes the cure. When he goes to find Ginger, a transformed Ginger attacks and drags him away. After finding Sam, injured and bloody, Brigitte tries to save him by drinking his blood to calm Ginger, but is unable to go through with it. Ginger senses Brigitte's revulsion and insincerity, and kills Sam.
As Ginger stalks Brigitte through the basement, Brigitte returns to the room where they grew up. Brigitte defends herself while holding the syringe in one hand and a knife in the other. Ginger lunges at Brigitte and into the knife, fatally wounding herself. Looking at photographs of themselves on the walls, Brigitte lays her head upon her dying sister's chest and weeps.
- Emily Perkins as Brigitte Fitzgerald
- Katharine Isabelle as Ginger Fitzgerald
- Kris Lemche as Sam
- Mimi Rogers as Pamela Fitzgerald
- Jesse Moss as Jason McCardy
- Danielle Hampton as Trina Sinclair
- John Bourgeois as Henry Fitzgerald
- Peter Keleghan as Mr. Wayne, a teacher and guidance counselor at Bailey Downs High School
- Christopher Redman as Ben
- Jimmy MacInnis as Tim
- Lindsay Leese as Nurse Ferry, the school nurse
- Wendii Fulford as Ms. Sykes, the Bailey Downs High School gym and field hockey teacher
- Ann Baggley as Mother
- Pak-Kong Ho as Janitor
- Bryon Bully as Hockey Kid
- Steven Taylor as Puppy Kid
Writer/director John Fawcett has said, "I knew that I wanted to make a metamorphosis movie and a horror film. I also knew that I wanted to work with girls." In January 1995, he talked to screenwriter Karen Walton, who was initially reluctant to write the script due to the horror genre's reputation for weak characters, poor storytelling, and a negative portrayal of women. However, Fawcett convinced Walton this film would re-interpret the genre.
The two encountered trouble financing the film. They approached producer Steve Hoban, with whom they had worked before, and he agreed to produce the film. Hoban employed Ken Chubb to edit and polish the story, and after two years they were ready to seek financiers.
Motion International committed to co-financing and Canadian distribution, and Trimark Pictures agreed to be the co-financier, U.S distributor and international sales agent. The film seemed ready to go into production by fall of 1998, however negotiations with Trimark caused the producers to miss the budgeting deadline for Telefilm Canada, the Canadian federal film funding agency. Rather than go ahead with only 60% of the funding, Hoban decided to wait a year for Telefilm's funding. During this interval Trimark dropped the film. Lionsgate Films, who Trimark would end up merging with in 2000, took Trimark's place, and Unapix Entertainment agreed to distribute the film on DVD, along with Artisan Entertainment for the American DVD release. The film's budget was $4.5 million.: 16
Casting the two leads met with substantial difficulty. While a casting director was easily found for Los Angeles, Canadian casting directors proved to be appalled by the horror, gore, and language. When one finally agreed to pick up the film, the Columbine shooting and another school shooting in Alberta suddenly thrust the public spotlight on violent teens. The Toronto Star's announcement that Telefilm was funding a "teen slasher movie" met with a flurry of debate and outrage in the media, which generated a significant amount of adverse publicity in proportion to the size of the project.
Casting took place in Los Angeles, New York, Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. Perkins and Isabelle auditioned on the same day at their agency in Vancouver, reading to one another off-camera. When their taped auditions arrived, screenwriter Karen Walton said that they were exactly as she had pictured the characters.
Coincidentally, both actresses were born in the same hospital, attended the same pre-school, elementary and private schools, and are at the same agency. Perkins was twenty-two at the time and Isabelle four years younger, but Perkins was cast as the younger sister.
Attention then turned to the next most important characters: the drug dealer and the mother roles. Mimi Rogers readily agreed to play the mother, Pamela, saying that she liked the black humour and comic relief in the role. Robin Cook, the Canadian casting director, put forward one of her favourites, Kris Lemche, for the role of drug dealer Sam. After seeing Kris's audition, Fawcett hired him.
Principal photography took place between October 25 and December 6, 1999, lasting a little over six weeks. Three of Toronto's suburbs, Etobicoke, Brampton (Kris Lemche's hometown), and Scarborough served as the suburb of Bailey Downs. Shooting outside during Toronto's winter for sixteen hours a day, six days a week meant that sicknesses would make their rounds through the cast and crew every few weeks.
On the first day of shooting in the suburbs, all the still photographs for the title sequence were created. The bloody, staged deaths drew a crowd and Fawcett worried about upsetting the neighbours. The girls were covered in fake blood for the shots and, at the time, a homeowner's basement served as their changing room. Each time they needed to change, someone had to distract the homeowner's four-year-old child.
Long shooting days pushed the earliest possible start later each day until the scenes written for day were being shot after late into the night. The director of photography[who?] solved the problem by using diffusion gel and four eighteen kilowatt lamps which generated enough light to be seen a mile high in the sky.
The special effects proved to be a major hardship as Fawcett eschewed CGI effects, and preferred to use more traditional means of prosthetics and make-up. Consequently, Isabelle had to spend up to seven hours in the makeup chair to create Ginger's metamorphosis and a further two hours to remove them. Often covered in sticky fake blood that required Borax and household detergent to remove, she further endured wearing contacts that hindered her vision and teeth that meant she could not speak without a lisp. The most aggravating thing was the full facial prosthetic which gave her a permanently runny nose that she had to stop with cotton swabs.
Beginning in December 1999, Brett Sullivan worked with Fawcett for eight weeks to create the final cut of the film. Despite the short time for editing the film was nominated for a Genie in editing. Despite a similarly tight schedule in the sound department, the film would also be nominated for a Genie in sound editing.
The soundtrack was released on Roadrunner Records.
|2.||"Pipe Dream"||Project 86||4:35|
|4.||"The Silent Acquiescence of Millions"||Sinch||8:44|
|5.||"Temple from the Within"||Killswitch Engage||3:45|
|6.||"First Commandment"||Soulfly (feat. Chino Moreno)||4:29|
|7.||"Cloning Technology"||Fear Factory||5:52|
|8.||"A Night Like This"||Professional Murder Music||3:28|
|9.||"Desire to Fire"||Machine Head||4:49|
|10.||"Burial for the Living"||Hatebreed||1:40|
|12.||"Of One Blood"||Shadows Fall||4:45|
|13.||"Action Radius"||Junkie XL||3:53|
|14.||"Her Ghost in the Fog"||Cradle of Filth||6:24|
|15.||"Ginger Snaps - Opening"||Michael Shields||2:10|
|16.||"Ginger Snaps Theme Song (no sound effects)"||Michael Shields||3:00|
Ginger Snaps premiered at the Munich Fantasy Filmfest in August 2000. The following month, it played at the 2000 Toronto International Film Festival, where it briefly received media attention following the positive word-of-mouth it had built up from Munich. Although called one of the stand-outs of the Toronto festival, attention died off and the film followed an unfocused release strategy, playing at various film festivals and building up more word-of-mouth.: 86–87 Ginger Snaps was released to Canadian cinemas in May 2001. It grossed C$425,753 domestically, making it the fifth highest-grossing Canadian film between December 2000 and November 2001. Owing to a cult following, it has achieved significant video and DVD sales. These earnings, combined with moderate theatrical success abroad, led to the production of two further films.
The film has a 90% approval rating on review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes based on 58 reviews; the average rating is 7.4/10. The site's consensus reads: "The strong female cast and biting satire of teenage life makes Ginger Snaps far more memorable than your average werewolf movie – or teen flick." Critics' praise was centered on the quality of acting by the two leads, the horrific metamorphosis reminiscent of Cronenberg, the use of lycanthropy as a metaphor for puberty, and the dark humour. Scott Tobias of The A.V. Club wrote that the film was "seemingly left for dead" after playing at the 2000 Toronto International Film Festival but is now considered a cult film. It is ranked 78 on Time Out London's list of 100 best horror films, Tom Huddleston calling it "the best teenage werewolf movie, period".
Because the film links lycanthropy to menstruation and features two sisters, Ginger Snaps lends itself to a feminist critique. Feminist scholar Bianca Nielsen wrote, "By simultaneously depicting female bonds as important and fraught with difficulties, Ginger Snaps portrays the double-binds teenage girls face." and "Ginger is an embodiment of these impossible binaries: she is at once sexually attractive and monstrous, 'natural' and 'supernatural,' human and animal, 'feminine' and transgressive, a sister and a rival."
|Award||Ceremony[a]||Category||Recipient(s) / nominee(s)||Result||Ref(s)|
|Toronto International Film Festival||September 17, 2000||Best Canadian Film - Special Jury Citation||Ginger Snaps||Won|||
|Málaga International Week of Fantastic Cinema||February 28, 2001||Best Feature Film||Ginger Snaps (John Fawcett, director)||Won|||
|Best Special Effects||Ginger Snaps||Won|
|Best Actress||Emily Perkins||Won|
|Toronto Film Critics Association Awards||December 20, 2001||Best Canadian Film||Ginger Snaps (John Fawcett, director)||Nominated|||
|Vancouver Film Critics Circle||January 31, 2002||Best Canadian Film||Ginger Snaps||Nominated|||
|Best Actress in a Canadian Film||Katharine Isabelle||Nominated|
|Genie Awards||February 7, 2002||Achievement in Cinematography||Thom Best||Nominated|||
|Achievement in Editing||Brett C. Sullivan||Nominated|
|Achievement in Sound Editing||David McCallum, Donna Powell, Fred Brennan,
Garrett Kerr, Jane Tattersall, Mishann Lau, Rob Warchol
|Canadian Comedy Awards||April 4, 2002||Best Writing - Film (Pretty Funny Writing)||Karen Walton||Won|||
|International Horror Guild Award||April 13, 2002||Best Film||Ginger Snaps||Won|||
|Saturn Award||June 10, 2002||Best DVD Release (inaugural)||Ginger Snaps||Won|||
|Fangoria Chainsaw Awards||2002||Best Limited-Release Film/Direct-to-Video Film||Ginger Snaps||Won|||
|Best Screenplay||Karen Walton||Won|
|Best Actress||Emily Perkins||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress||Mimi Rogers||Nominated|
Sequel, prequel, and television series
Based on successful DVD sales, both a sequel, Ginger Snaps 2: Unleashed, and a prequel, Ginger Snaps Back: The Beginning, were filmed back-to-back in 2003.: 116 Even though Ginger Snaps 2 had a wider release than the original, it underperformed at the box office. Consequently, Ginger Snaps Back: The Beginning went direct-to-video. In October 2020, a television series was announced to be in development.
- Each date is linked to the article about the awards held that year, wherever possible.
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- Mathijs, Ernest (2013). John Fawcett's Ginger Snaps. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 9781442615670.
- "Ginger Snaps (2001)". The Numbers. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
- Ginger Snaps (2000) - IMDb, retrieved July 26, 2020
- "Ginger Snaps: Press Kit" (Press release). TVA International. July 17, 2000. Retrieved November 30, 2006.
- Taylor, Charles (October 26, 2001). "Ginger Snaps". salon.com. Archived from the original on February 6, 2002.
- Allan, Keri. "Katharine Isabelle" (2001). sci-fi-online.com. Retrieved November 19, 2006.
- "Canadian Awards History Search". Archived from the original on March 22, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2006.
- Bracken, Laura. "Monsters make move on Edmonton" (2003). Playback Magazine. Retrieved November 19, 2006.
- "Ginger Snaps (2001)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- Kehr, David (2001). "She Was a Teenage Werewolf". New York Times. Retrieved November 18, 2006.
- Dennis Lim (October 24, 2001). "Vicious Cycles Ginger Snaps; A Chronicle of Corpses; Kill by Inches". Village Voice. Archived from the original on December 14, 2004. Retrieved November 18, 2006.
- "Blood Sisters Archived March 10, 2006, at the Wayback Machine"(2000). Sight and Sound. Retrieved November 28, 2006.
- Waldron-Mangani, Ian. "Ginger Snaps Archived June 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine" (2001). ukcritic.com. Retrieved November 19, 2006.
- Axmaker, Sean. "'Ginger Snaps' is a teen werewolf film with real bite". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved November 19, 2006.
- Gonzalez, Ed. "Ginger Snaps Archived January 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine" (2000). Slant Magazine. Retrieved November 19, 2006.
- The A.V. Club - "The New Cult Canon - Ginger Snaps"
- "The 100 best horror films". www.timeout.com. Retrieved November 23, 2018.
- Nusair, David. "Ginger Snaps (2001)". reelfilm.com. Retrieved November 19, 2006.
- Chambers, Bill. "Ginger Snaps Archived October 13, 2006, at the Wayback Machine" (2001). filmfreakcentral.net. Retrieved November 19, 2006.
- Nielsen, Bianca (March 2004). ""Something's Wrong, Like More Than You Being Female": Transgressive Sexuality and Discourses of Reproduction in Ginger Snaps". Thirdspace. Archived from the original on August 21, 2006. Retrieved December 15, 2006.
- "The Film Reference Library". Archived from the original on September 26, 2007. Retrieved 2006-12-11.
- "Semana Internacional de Cine Fantàstico de Málaga" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on January 9, 2007. Retrieved December 11, 2006.
- "Past Award Winners - 2001". Toronto Film Critics Association. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
- "TFCA Awards 2001". torontofilmcritics.com. Archived from the original on April 13, 2010.
- Schaefer, Glen (January 31, 2002). "Memento tops with local critics". The Province. Vancouver, B.C. p. C2. ProQuest 269312708.
- Monk, Katherine (January 31, 2002). "Much more to the year in film than Harry Potter and hobbits". The Vancouver Sun. Vancouver, B.C. p. C27. ProQuest 242515494.
- "Ginger Snaps". Academy of Canadian Cinema & Television. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
- "And the 2002 Canadian Comedy awards go to..." (Press release). BCE Inc. Keating Media Relations. April 4, 2002. Archived from the original on July 1, 2016.
- "Nominations & Awards Archives | Canadian Comedy Awards". Canadian Comedy Awards. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
- "IHG Award Recipients "2001"". International Horror Guild. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
- "Saturn Award Winners". Archived from the original on January 3, 2007. Retrieved 2006-12-11.
- Gingold, Michael (July 2002). "The 11th Annual Fangoria Chainsaw Awards Winners!". Fangoria. No. 214. p. 11. Retrieved June 9, 2020 – via Internet Archive.
- "'Ginger Snaps Back' Coming Straight to Video?". Bloody Disgusting. March 15, 2004. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
- John Squires (October 27, 2020). ""Ginger Snaps" Franchise Finds New Life as a Television Series!". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved October 30, 2020.