Gingin, Western Australia
Water Wheel in Gingin park, from the original flour mill in Gingin
|Population||743 (2011 census)|
|Established||1883 (town declared)|
|Elevation||96 m (315 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Gingin|
Gingin is a small town in Western Australia, located on the Brand Highway 67 kilometres (42 mi) north of the Perth city centre. It is the council seat for the Shire of Gingin local government area. Gingin had a population of 743 at the 2011 census, but the shire as a whole had 4,685 people. The town's economy is mostly based on agriculture, although there has been an increasing focus on science with the establishment of the Australian International Gravitational Observatory and Gravity Discovery Centre. There is also a small military airfield, RAAF Gingin, located nearby.
The first property to be established in the area by William Locke Brockman in 1841 was named Gingin station. The meaning of the word Gingin is uncertain but is thought to mean "footprint" or "place of many streams".
A townsite, Granville, was established close-by in 1839 but once Gingin was gazetted in 1871 Granville was never developed.
In 2003, plans were unveiled to construct the Gravity Discovery Centre near Gingin adjacent to the existing Australian International Gravitational Observatory. A.I.G.O. is part of a worldwide array of observatories, completing the southern arm of the array to obtain three-dimensional measurements of gravitational waves. The public arm of A.I.G.O. - The Gravity Discovery Centre includes a 45 m tower that leans at an angle of 15 degrees that allows students to complete free fall experiments.
In 2006 the Zadko telescope, a robotic optical telescope, was installed into the 'Zadko Dome' near the Gravitational Observatory. The Zadko telescope is used for research on a worldwide scale, scanning the sky for potentially hazardous asteroids, and can be accessed remotely via the internet. It is a joint resource for the International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research. It is an equatorial fork-mounted Cassegrain reflector telescope with a primary mirror aperture of 1.007 m and a focal length of 4.0386 m. The telescope's optical design is a hybrid Ritchey–Chrétien.
Gingin is host to the annual British Car Day, held on the third Sunday of May.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Gingin (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
- Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – G". Retrieved 20 September 2008.
- "Gingin Shire History - The Municipality of Gingin". 2008. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 20 September 2008.
- "ABC News - Gravity discovery centre to be built in Gingin". 2003. Retrieved 20 September 2008.
- "The United Group Leaning Tower of Gingin". 2008. Archived from the original on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-20.
- "Current status of Zadko Telescope". Zadko Telescope. The University of Western Australia. Retrieved 22 January 2016.