Gingin, Western Australia

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Gingin
Western Australia
Gingin wheel gnangarra.JPG
Water Wheel in Gingin park, from the original flour mill in Gingin
Gingin is located in Western Australia
Gingin
Gingin
Coordinates 31°20′S 115°55′E / 31.34°S 115.91°E / -31.34; 115.91Coordinates: 31°20′S 115°55′E / 31.34°S 115.91°E / -31.34; 115.91
Population 531 (2006 Census)[1]
Postcode(s) 6503
Elevation 96 m (315 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Gingin
State electorate(s) Moore
Federal Division(s) Pearce

Gingin is an agricultural town in Western Australia. The town is located 92 kilometres (57 mi) north of Perth along the Brand Highway.

The town is well suited for agriculture with a mild climate and available water sources. The area supports many forms of farming including beef cattle, cereal crops, olives, oranges and mangoes.

The first European to visit the area was the explorer George Fletcher Moore; he arrived in 1836 and recorded the Aboriginal name "Jinjin" on his charts.

The first property to be established in the area by W. L. Brockman in 1841 was named Gingin station. The meaning of the word Gingin is uncertain but is thought to mean "footprint" or "place of many streams".

A townsite, Granville, was established close-by in 1839 but once Gingin was gazetted in 1871 Granville was never developed.[2]

By 1853 an area along Gingin Brook was fenced for horses to rest on the way from Perth to Geraldton and a police station was built nearby.

Construction of the telegraph line between Gingin and Perth was completed in 1886, and the railway line was completed in 1891. Gingin was declared a town in 1883.[3]

In 2003, plans were unveiled to construct the Gravity Discovery Centre near Gingin adjacent to the existing Australian International Gravitational Observatory.[4] A.I.G.O. is part of a worldwide array of observatories, completing the southern arm of the array to obtain three-dimensional measurements of gravitational waves. The public arm of A.I.G.O - The Gravity Discovery Centre includes a 45 m tower that leans at an angle of 15 degrees that allows students to complete free fall experiments.[5]

In 2006 the Zadko telescope, a robotic optical telescope, was installed into the 'Zadko Dome' near the Gravitational Observatory. The Zadko telescope is used for research on a worldwide scale, scanning the sky for potentially hazardous asteroids, and can be accessed remotely via the internet. It is a joint resource for the International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research. It is an equatorial fork-mounted Cassegrain reflector telescope with a primary mirror aperture of 1.007 m and a focal length of 4.0386 m. The telescope's optical design is a hybrid Ritchey–Chrétien. [6]

Gingin is host to the annual British Car Day, held on the third Sunday of May.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Gingin (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  2. ^ Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – G". Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  3. ^ "Gingin Shire History - The Municipality of Gingin". 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  4. ^ "ABC News - Gravity discovery centre to be built in Gingin". 2003. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  5. ^ "The United Group Leaning Tower of Gingin". 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-07-19. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  6. ^ "Current status of Zadko Telescope". Zadko Telescope. The University of Western Australia. Retrieved 22 January 2016. 

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • De Burgh, W J (2003). Neergabby (Where the Brook and River meet): A history of the Moore River and Lower Gingin Brook, 1830 to 1960. Carlisle, WA: Hesperian Press. ISBN 0859053245.