Ginislao Paris

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Ginislao Paris
Label inside "The Russian Embergher" Liuto Cantabile - Sistema Ginislao Paris
Born March 15, 1852
Naples, Italy
Died unknown, after 1917
Occupation Trombonist, Mandolinist

Ginislao Paris (1852-after 1917) was an Italian composer and musician in Tsarist Russia who played trombone with the Russian Imperial Opera Orchestra in St. Petersburg.[1] He also played mandolin, founding the first mandolin orchestra in Russia, The society of amateur Mandolinists and Guitarists in the 1880s.[1] That orchestra was important because it inspired Vassily Andreev, to form the first orchestra based on Russian instruments.[1]

Paris invented a specialized mandolin which was named for him (Sistema Ginislao Paris) and built by the workshops of Luigi Embergher.[1] The Paris Ginislao mandolins feature a double top (a second hollow space within the instrument, created by a false back between the soundboard and the instrument's back).[1] The double top is a feature that mandolin makers are now experimenting with in the 21st century, to get better sound.[2] Mandolinists such as Avi Avital and Joseph Brent use them, and they are custom instruments, today.[3][2]

In 1905, Roman luthier Luigi Embergher made several mandolin family instruments based on Ginislao Paris' own design, featuring double top and special bracing system. Only four instruments of “Sistema Ginislao Paris” forming the mandolin family quartet are known presently. One is an Embergher Artistico mandolin model No. 8, held in the Theatre Museum of St Petersburg.[4][5] Another is a Liuto cantabile (known as the Russian Embergher) of model 5 bis, another mandolin No.5 bis and a mandola model 5 bis, held in private collections.[1]

Ginislao Paris' history[edit]

Ginislao Paris was born Ginislao Cesare Antonio Paris in Naples, 15 March 1852.[6] In Russian he was known as Джинислао Францевич Парис (Djenislav Frantzevich).

From 1868 to 1872 Paris served as a volunteer in Italian military forces.[7] He began his career as a trombonist in the orchestra of the Russian Imperial Opera in St. Petersburg at the Mariinsky Theatre Orchestra on 1 January 1876.[8] He married Maria Alexandrovna Strasser in St. Petersburg in 1879. They had daughters: Violetta-Tamara (b.1882) and Margherita (b.1893).[9] In the 1880's Ginislao Paris led the Society of Amateur Mandolinists and Guitarists of St. Petersburg (Circolo),[10] which eventually became the first mandolin orchestra in Russia. According to Flaviy Sokolov's book, Vasily Andreyev was inspired by the Ginislao Paris orchestra to turn from his solo balalaika performances to creation of a full orchestra of Russian folk instruments.[11]

Carlo Graziani-Walter, noted Italian mandolinist and composer of his time dedicated his rendition of Rimembranze from Gounod’s Faust for mandolin to Ginislao Paris. The dedication says "All’ Egregio Signor Ginislao Paris, Professore nei Teatri Imperiali, Maestro Direttore del Circolo Mandolinisti di Benificenza a Pietroburgo" (To Mr. Ginislao Paris, Professor at the Imperial Theaters, Master Director of the Benedictine Mandolinist Circle in Petersburg).[12] Along with violin maker Pietro Bozzolo (1840-1907), Paris was a member of the Revisionary Commission of the Italian Charitable Society of St. Petersburg.[1] Proceeds from the concerts were given to that charity.[2] Russian (and later American) ballet dancer Michel Fokine, Anna Pavlova's friend and colleague, in his memoirs recalls playing mandolin in Ginislao Paris' ensemble and later joining Andreyev's Russian orchestra on domra before giving up playing on stage in favour of his ballet career.[13]

Cover of A New and Practical School for Mandolin (Новая практическая весьма понятная школа для мандолины) by Ernesto Köhler, with dual German-Russian entries. Version market to Germans was published c. 1887.[14]

Ginislao Paris played in the same orchestra with another Italian, flautist Ernesto Köhler, who also played mandolin and wrote the first mandolin method book in Russia, (First edition published by J.H. Zimmermannin 1887).[15] He was probably also involved in Ginislao Paris circolo. According to the Imperial Theatres director Telyakovski's diaries, together with Riccardo Drigo, Ginislao Paris wrote music to "Son Uslady" (The Dream of Uslada) performed in January 1903.[16]

Ginislao Paris became a Russian citizen in 1899.[17] He retired from the Orchestra in 1900 for health reasons and was granted special merits pension by imperial decree.[18] All Petersburg reference book continued to list Ginislao Paris details until 1917. His further whereabouts and death details are unknown.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Speranski, Victor (November 2014). "The Russian Embergher". Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Joseph Brent's Brian N. Dean Grand Concert Mandolin". mandolincafe.org. 20 November 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2017. [He told the luthier:]..."I want to hear the wood, and not the metal." And, "I want it big and dark and loud, like the engine note on a Ford GT." ...I know there are lots of musicians like me who would love the chance to create an instrument that's more geared to the music they're making...It's got a lot of crazy features, like that aforementioned false back... 
  3. ^ Daniel, Bernie; Garber, Jimi. "Re: Avi Avital and the Arik Kerman mandolin". mandolincafe.org. Retrieved 29 May 2017. ...What is [the luthier] Kerman doing so different from the approach taken by American luthiers...The difference from the German models is that it has the sound holes on the edges and, even more important(?) has a double top. 
  4. ^ G.I. Blagodatov, K.A. Vertkov (1972) Catalogue of Musical Instruments of The Leningrad Institute of Theatre, Music and Cinematography, Izdatelstvo Muzyka (105)
  5. ^ V.V. Koshelev (2014), Plucked Chordophones, Vol. 1. From the Collection of St. Petersburg State Museum of Theatre and Musical Art, ISBN 978-5-91461-024-8
  6. ^ "Ginislao Cesare Antonio Paris". "Italia, Napoli, Stato Civile (Archivio di Stato), 1809-1865," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KX34-N9Z : 31 December 2015), Ginislao Cesare Antonio Paris, Birth, citing Quartiere Montecalvario, Napoli, Napoli, Italy, Archivio di Stato di Napoli (Napoli State Archives); FHL microfilm 1,979,375. 
  7. ^ RGIA (Russian State Historical Archive) Service Movements File of Ginislao Paris Fund 497, descr. 5, file 2388
  8. ^ S.P. Dyagilev (Editor) (1898) Imperial Theatres Yearbook, Season 1898-1899 Directorate of Imperial Theatres, St Petersburg (90)
  9. ^ RGIA (Russian State Historical Archive) Service Movements File of Ginislao Paris Fund 497, descr. 5, file 2388
  10. ^ RGALI (Russian State Archive of Literature and Art) Ginislao Paris. Programme of the Concert in the Petrovskiy College Hall Fund 2980 File No.1374
  11. ^ Flaviy Sokolov (1962) Vasily Andreyev and his Orchestra, Muzgiz, Leningrad
  12. ^ Rimembranze dell' Opera Faust di Ch. Gounod per mandolino di C. Graziani-Walter, gia Maestro Direttore del R. Circolo Mandolinisti Margherita, G. Ricordi & C., Milano
  13. ^ Fokine, Michel (Author), Anatole Chujoy (Editor)(1961) Fokine: Memoirs of a Ballet Master, Little, Brown & Co
  14. ^ Reichenbach, Michael. "Ernesto Köhler -Mandolin school for self teaching". mandoisland.de. Retrieved 1 July 2017. 
  15. ^ ""Новая практическая весьма понятная школа для мандолины"(translation: The new practical easy to comprehend school for mandolin)". 
  16. ^ Теляковский В. А. Дневники Директора Императорских театров. 1898—1901 / Под общ. ред. М.Г. Светаевой; подгот. текста С.я. Шихман и М.г. Светаевой; вст. ст. О.М. Фельдмана; коммент. О.М. Фельдмана, М.Г. Светаевой и Н.Э. Звенигородской. Москва. М.: “АРТ”, 1998.
  17. ^ RGIA (Russian State Historical Archive) Service Movements File of Ginislao Paris Fund 497, descr. 5, file 2388
  18. ^ RGIA (Russian State Historical Archive) Service Movements File of Ginislao Paris Fund 497, descr. 5, file 2388
  19. ^ All Petersburg Reference Book, 1917

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