Gino Lucetti

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Gino Lucetti (31 August 1900 – 17 September 1943) was an Italian anarchist and anti-fascist who attempted to kill the dictator Benito Mussolini in the 1926.

Born in Carrara, Tuscany, from a wealthy farmers family, the father Filippo was an anarchist and the mother Adele Crudeli owned the land in Avenza. In the 1918 he has been enlisted in the assault troops during World War I but the fighting was over before he could get engaged in any action.

After the war he was involved in many clashes and political brawls during the Biennio Rosso, then he continued to oppose local fascists and on 26 September 1925 after an argument he wounded with a pistol the fascist militant and fellow citizen Alessandro Perfetti. His companion, Antonio Vatteroni, fired back wounding Lucetti in his neck and ear as he fled. In spite of the wound, he managed to get out and embark on a ship to Marseilles. He came back to Italy under the name of Ermete Giovannini, with the intention of attacking Mussolini's life, following a plan that he claimed to have developed alone.[1]

On 11 September 1926, the day of the trial for the year before shooting, Lucetti in front of Porta Pia in Rome launched a bomb against the Lancia Lambda of Mussolini on the usual route from Villa Torlonia, his house, to his office in Palazzo Chigi. The bomb exploded on the ground slightly injuring eight people but leaving the target unharmed.[2]

He also had a pistol with dumdum bullets but he didn't have the time to use it, and was immediately blocked and arrested. The police, uselessly searching for evidence of a conspiracy, arrested Lucetti's mother, brother and sister, his old friends of Carrara and even those who had stayed at the same hotel of him. Lucetti was tried in June 1927 by the Special Tribunal for State Defense and sentenced to 30 years in prison. In 1943 Lucetti escaped from prison with the help of others, but he was killed shortly afterwards during a German bombing raid on Ischia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marco Cesarini Sforza, Gli attentati a Mussolini, Per pochi centimetri fu sempre salvo, in La storia illustrata n°8 Anno 1965, pag. 242: "Emigrò a Marsiglia e qui, da solo, senza farne parola a nessuno, elaborò il suo progetto."
  2. ^ Marco Cesarini Sforza, Gli attentati a Mussolini, Per pochi centimetri fu sempre salvo, in La storia illustrata n°8 Anno 1965, pag. 243: "Lucetti, fermo dove la strada si restringe sulla destra di Porta Pia, lancia contro la prima vettura una bomba a mano tipo SIPE. Ma la bomba colpisce il tetto della macchina senza esplodere, rimbalza a terra e solo allora deflagra, facendo otto feriti leggeri tra i passanti."